Sauvira, Sauvīra: 18 definitions



Sauvira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—An ancient country near the river Sindhu. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 133, that during the period of Mahābhārata, the King of this country was killed by Arjuna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sauvīra (सौवीर).—(c)—a country after Suvīra son of Śibi, visited by Vidura;1 its people were enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus;2 lay between Dvārakā and Hāstinapura.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 35; III. 1. 24; V. 10. 1; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 20.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. V. 3.
  • 3) Ib. X. 71. 21; XI. 21. 8.

1b) A Janapada of the Bhadrā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 17.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sauvīra (सौवीर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.14, VI.10.52, V.19.19, V.72.14, VI.18.13, VI.20.10, VI.112.108) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sauvīra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sauvīra (सौवीर) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Sauvirā (सौविरा) refers to a type of mūrchanā (melodic mode), and its illustration as a Goddess (according to 15th-century Indian art) is as follows.—The colour of her body is like a lotus. She holds a baṅsi with both hands. The colour of her bodice is black; the scarf is of saffron colour with dots of black colour; the trouser is of light-green colour with a design of white and black colour; its borders are of golden colour with a design of red colour.

The illustrations (of, for example Sauvirā) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Sauvīra (सौवीर) refers to “antimony”, and is mentioned in verse 2.4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Sauvīra is generally understood by the dictionary-makers as “antimony”—meaning stibnite or antimony trisulphide [Sb2S3], in which form this metal usually occurs native. Writers on Indian pharmacopoeia and chemistry, however, tend to identify sauvīra as galena or lead sulphide [PbS]; cf. Dutt, Materia p. 74, and Ray, History p. 175. The Tibetans, on the other hand, who seem to have had no ready access to either mineral, prescribe as a substitute skyer-khaṇḍa or “barberry extract” (so Das, Diet. p. 110; Lattebr, Beiträge p. 62, equates skyer-pa with turmeric).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sauvīra (सौवीर) refers to a variety of fermented gruels (kāñjika), according the 17th-century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Sauvīra is prepared from de-husked barley. This can be prepared either from raw barley or from roasted barley.

Sauvīra medicinal effects: It is purgative. It stimulates digestive fire. It treats chronic colitis (grahaṇī), haemorrhoids and vitiation ofphlegm. It is recommended in the following conditions- disease of the bowels (udāvarta), body ache, bone pain and flatulence.

Sauvīra (gruel) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., sauvīra (gruel)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., uṣṇavārī (hot water)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sauvīra (सौवीर):—The acidic fermented liquid obtained from wheat

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Sauvīra (सौवीर) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Sauvīra] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sauvīra (सौवीर) (distinguished by the city Mathurā) refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Sauvīra), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Mathurā) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sauvīra (सौवीर).—n S The fruit of the Jujube-tree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—

1) The fruit of the jujube.

2) Antimony.

3) Sour gruel.

-raḥ Name of a district or its people (pl. in the latter sense).

Derivable forms: sauvīram (सौवीरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. Antimony. 3. Sour-gruel. m.

(-raḥ) A district, in the west of India, connected with the country along the Indus. m. plu.

(-rāḥ) The people of Suvira. E. suvīra the country so called, and aṇ pleonasm or aff. of derivation; also with yañ aff. sīvīrya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—i. e. su-vīra + a, I. m. 1. The name of a country. 2. pl. Its inhabitants, [Draupadīpramātha] 4, 12; 8, 27. 3. The king of the Sauvīras, ib. 4, 7. Ii. n. 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. Antimony. 3. Sour gruel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sauvīra (सौवीर):—m. [plural] ([from] su-vīra) Name of a people inhabiting a district in the neighbourhood of the Indus, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) (sg.) a king of the Sauvīras, [ib.]

3) f(ā or ī) (in music) a [particular] Mūrchanā, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

4) n. the fruit of the jujube, [Suśruta]

5) sour gruel, [ib.]

6) antimony, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर):—(raṃ) 1. n. The fruit of the jujube; antimony; sour gruel. m. A district near the Indus occupied by the Suviras.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sauvīra (सौवीर):—(von suvīra)

1) m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes, sg. ein Fürst dieses Volkes [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 960.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 240.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 148.] [Mahābhārata 1, 5534. 2, 1569. 3, 15599. fgg. 15621. 15742. 12, 5250.] [Harivaṃśa 4970. 9151.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 53.] [HALL] in der Einl. zu [VĀSAVAD. 53.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 16, 21.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 2, 3, 17.] sauvīrābhīrayoḥ in collect. Bed. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 10, 35. 3, 1, 24. 5, 12, 6. 10, 71, 21. 11, 21, 8.] [Mémoire géographique], Mém. sur l'Inde [?117. Oxforder Handschriften 338,b,29. 339,b,1. f.] ī eine Fürstin der Sauvīra [Mahābhārata 1, 3697.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 132, 45.] parisauvīram [Weber’s Indische Studien 13, 373.] —

2) n. a) saurer Gersten-, Reis-, oder Weizenschleim [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 39.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 378.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 416.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 621.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 163.] [Bhāvaprakāśa 5.] [Suśruta 2, 224, 20. 392, 20.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 118, 12.] — b) die Frucht vom Judendorn [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 17.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [DHANV. 5, 51.] [Suśruta 1, 209, 4. 20.] [VĀGBH. 1, 6, 121.] — c) Spiessglanz [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 101.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1051.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 279.] [RĀGAN. 13, 89.] — Vgl. sindhu .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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