Sauvira, Sauvīra: 22 definitions


Sauvira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—An ancient country near the river Sindhu. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 133, that during the period of Mahābhārata, the King of this country was killed by Arjuna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sauvīra (सौवीर).—(c)—a country after Suvīra son of Śibi, visited by Vidura;1 its people were enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus;2 lay between Dvārakā and Hāstinapura.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 35; III. 1. 24; V. 10. 1; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 20.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. V. 3.
  • 3) Ib. X. 71. 21; XI. 21. 8.

1b) A Janapada of the Bhadrā country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 17.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sauvīra (सौवीर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.14, VI.10.52, V.19.19, V.72.14, VI.18.13, VI.20.10, VI.112.108) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sauvīra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sauvīra (सौवीर) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Sauvirā (सौविरा) refers to a type of mūrchanā (melodic mode), and its illustration as a Goddess (according to 15th-century Indian art) is as follows.—The colour of her body is like a lotus. She holds a baṅsi with both hands. The colour of her bodice is black; the scarf is of saffron colour with dots of black colour; the trouser is of light-green colour with a design of white and black colour; its borders are of golden colour with a design of red colour.

The illustrations (of, for example Sauvirā) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sauvīra (सौवीर) refers to a variety of fermented gruels (kāñjika), according the 17th-century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Sauvīra is prepared from de-husked barley. This can be prepared either from raw barley or from roasted barley.

Sauvīra medicinal effects: It is purgative. It stimulates digestive fire. It treats chronic colitis (grahaṇī), haemorrhoids and vitiation ofphlegm. It is recommended in the following conditions- disease of the bowels (udāvarta), body ache, bone pain and flatulence.

Sauvīra (gruel) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., sauvīra (gruel)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., uṣṇavārī (hot water)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Sauvīra (सौवीर) refers to “antimony”, and is mentioned in verse 2.4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Sauvīra is generally understood by the dictionary-makers as “antimony”—meaning stibnite or antimony trisulphide [Sb2S3], in which form this metal usually occurs native. Writers on Indian pharmacopoeia and chemistry, however, tend to identify sauvīra as galena or lead sulphide [PbS]; cf. Dutt, Materia p. 74, and Ray, History p. 175. The Tibetans, on the other hand, who seem to have had no ready access to either mineral, prescribe as a substitute skyer-khaṇḍa or “barberry extract” (so Das, Diet. p. 110; Lattebr, Beiträge p. 62, equates skyer-pa with turmeric).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sauvīra (सौवीर):—The acidic fermented liquid obtained from wheat

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sauvīra (सौवीर) [=Sindhusauvīra?] refers to a country belonging to “Nairṛtī (south-western division)” classified under the constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Svāti, Viśākhā and Anurādhā represent the south-western division consisting of [i.e., Sindhu, Sauvīra] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Sauvīra (सौवीर) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Sauvīra] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sauvīra (सौवीर) (distinguished by the city Mathurā) refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Sauvīra), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Mathurā) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sauvira in India is the name of a plant defined with Ziziphus jujuba in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Rhamnus jujuba L. (among others).

2) Sauvira is also identified with Ziziphus mauritiana It has the synonym Paliurus mairei H. Lév. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (1909)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1788)
· Gardeners Dictionary, ed. 8 (1768)
· Taxon
· J. Hebei Agric. Univ. (1987)
· Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (1967)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sauvira, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sauvīra (सौवीर).—n S The fruit of the Jujube-tree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—

1) The fruit of the jujube.

2) Antimony.

3) Sour gruel.

-raḥ Name of a district or its people (pl. in the latter sense).

Derivable forms: sauvīram (सौवीरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. Antimony. 3. Sour-gruel. m.

(-raḥ) A district, in the west of India, connected with the country along the Indus. m. plu.

(-rāḥ) The people of Suvira. E. suvīra the country so called, and aṇ pleonasm or aff. of derivation; also with yañ aff. sīvīrya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—i. e. su-vīra + a, I. m. 1. The name of a country. 2. pl. Its inhabitants, [Draupadīpramātha] 4, 12; 8, 27. 3. The king of the Sauvīras, ib. 4, 7. Ii. n. 1. The fruit of the jujube. 2. Antimony. 3. Sour gruel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sauvīra (सौवीर):—m. [plural] ([from] su-vīra) Name of a people inhabiting a district in the neighbourhood of the Indus, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) (sg.) a king of the Sauvīras, [ib.]

3) f(ā or ī) (in music) a [particular] Mūrchanā, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

4) n. the fruit of the jujube, [Suśruta]

5) sour gruel, [ib.]

6) antimony, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sauvīra (सौवीर):—(raṃ) 1. n. The fruit of the jujube; antimony; sour gruel. m. A district near the Indus occupied by the Suviras.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sauvīra (सौवीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sovīra, Sovīrā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sauvira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sauvīra (ಸೌವೀರ):—

1) [noun] sour gruel.

2) [noun] the fruit of jujube (Ziziphud msutiyisns ( = Z. jujuba).

3) [noun] name of a country lying beside the river Sindhu.

4) [noun] a man belonging to this country.

5) [noun] 'a silvery-white, brittle, nonmetallic chemical element; antimony (symbol: Sb).'6) [noun] (mus.) in Karnāṭaka system, a rāga (musical mode) derived from the main mode Suvarṇāṃgi.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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