Kanjika, Kañjika, Kāñjika, Kañjikā, Kāñjikā, Kāñjīka: 13 definitions

Introduction

Kanjika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kāñjika (काञ्जिक, “Heating through boiling acidic liquid”):—Sanskrit technical term used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Kāñjika is an alchemical process commonly applied to various recipes involving Mercury (rasa).

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)

Kāñjika is also known as Dhānyāmla or Āranāla and is made from rice. The rice that is harvested in sixty days is kept in an earthen pot along with some pieces of radish and sealed and stored for two to three weeks. Gradually, the liquid turns sour in flavour. This is used for detoxification processes in Dolayantra.

Source: CCRAS: Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India, Appendix I

Kāñjika:—Sour liquid prepared with of rice grain etc. is called as Kāñjika. Take śaṣṭika-sālī in an earthen vessel, add five parts of water and boil. Shift the preparation into another earthen vessel add three parts of water and seal the mouth of the vessel tightly. Place the vessel aside for two to three weeks of period at regulated temperatu re during which the liquid becomes sour. (see the Paribhāṣā-prabandha: an Ayurvedic treatise on medical terminology by Jagannāthaprasāda Śukla).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Kāñjikā (काञ्जिका) is another name for Jīvantī, a medicinal plant identified with Leptadenia reticulata (cork swallow-wort) from the Apocynaceae, or “dogbane family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.37-39 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kāñjikā and Jīvantī, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Kāñjikā (काञ्जिका) is also mentioned as a synonym for Palāśī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 3.145-147. Vaidyaka Śabda Sindhu says Palāśī is a tree, with latex and a famous creeper by its name in Nāgar-deśa and in Kashmir it is known as Śaṭī.; it appears that Vaidyaka Śabda Sindhu is not clear whether Palāśī is a tree or a creepre. Bhāvaprakāśa has mentioned one Gandha-Palāśī (Hedychium spicatum or spiked ginger lily). Raghuvīr Prasāda Trivedī rejects claim by maintaining that the properties of Palāśī of Raj Nighantu and Gandha-Palāśī of Bhāvaprakāśa differ.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kāñjika (काञ्जिक) refers to a “fermented gruel”, according the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Another liquid preparation is Kāñjika (fermented gruel). Here the properties and preparation of varieties of fermented gruels such as kāñjikā, jhāli, tuṣodaka, sauvīra, āranāla, dhānyāmla, śaṇḍāki, sūkta and āsuta are explained. Kāñjikā is mainly used as a medicine.

Kāñjika (gruel) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion..—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., māṃsātyaya (excess mea)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kāñjika (gruel)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Kāñjika (mixed with salt—fermented gruel) is also mentioned as a remedy for indigestion caused by piṣṭa (grained flour). Kāñjika (gruel) is mentioned as a remedy for indigestion caused by karpūra (camphor) or pūgīphala (areca nut) or nāgavallī (betel leaf) or kāśmīra (saffron) or vidalānna (leguminous grains).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Kāñjika (काञ्जिक) or Dhānyāmla refers to the medicinal plant Hordeum vulgare L. Syn. Hordeum hexastichon L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Kāñjika] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Hordeum vulgare L. Syn. Hordeum hexastichon L. (Kāñjika) is also known as Yava according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kanjika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kañjika : (nt.) rice-gruel.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kañjika, (nt.) (Sk. kāñjika) sour rice-gruel J. I, 238 (udaka°); Vv 3337 (amba°), 435 (=yāgu VvA. 186); DhA. I, 78, 288; VvA. 99 (ācāma-k°-loṇudaka as explanation of loṇa-sovīraka “salty fluid, i.e. the scum of sour gruel”). Cp. next. (Page 176)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kañjikā (कञ्जिका).—The plant Siphonanthus Indica (brāhmaṇayaṣṭikā).

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Kāñjika (काञ्जिक) or Kāñjikā (काञ्जिका) or Kāñjīka (काञ्जीक).—Sour gruel.

Derivable forms: , kāñjīkam (काञ्जीकम्).

See also (synonyms): kāñjī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kañjikā (कञ्जिका).—f.

(-kā) A Plant, (Siphonanthus Indica:) see brahmayaṣṭikā.

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Kāñjika (काञ्जिक).—nf.

(-kaḥ-kā) Sour gruel, the water of boiled rice in a state of spontaneous fermentation. E. ka water, añj to go, &c. and affix ika; also the vowel being lengthened kāñcīka, or without the final, kāñcī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kañjikā (कञ्जिका).—f. A plant, Siphonanthus indica, [Pañcatantra] 184, 18.

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Kāñjika (काञ्जिक).—n. Sour gruel, [Suśruta] 1, 34, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kañjikā (कञ्जिका):—f. Siphonantus Indica, [Pañcatantra]

2) Kāñjika (काञ्जिक):—n. sour gruel, water of boiled rice in a state of spontaneous fermentation, [Suśruta]

3) Kāñjikā (काञ्जिका):—[from kāñjika] f. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a medicinal plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] an edible legume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of creeping plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Kāñjīka (काञ्जीक):—[from kāñjika] n. sour gruel (kāñjika), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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