Sautrantika, aka: Sautrāntika, Sautrāntikā; 5 Definition(s)
Sautrantika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The Sautrāntika were an early school of Buddhist philosophy, generally believed to be descended from the Sthaviravada by way of their immediate parent school, the Sarvāstivādins. Their name means literally "those who rely upon the sutras", and indicated their rejection of the Abhidharma texts of other early Buddhist schools.
The Sarvāstivādins sometimes referred to them as the Dārṣṭāntika school, meaning "those who utilize the method of examples". This latter name may have been a pejorative label. Charles Willemen identifies the Sautrāntika as a Western branch of the Sarvāstivādins, active in the Gandhara area, who split from the Sarvāstivādins sometime before 200 CE, when the Sautrāntika name emerged.
According to the Abhidharmakośa of Vasubandhu, the Sautrāntika held the view that there may be many buddhas simultaneously, otherwise known as the doctrine of contemporaneous buddhas.
They used the concept of an āśraya (substrate, refuge) to explain the continuity of consciousness through rebirth, whereas the Pudgalavādins and the Vātsiputrīya school posited a pudgala (a 'personal entity' distinct from the five skandha), and where non-Buddhist Indian philosophy typically referred to an ātman.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
Sautrāntikā (सौत्रान्तिका).—m. pl. Name of one of the four great schools of Buddhism; cf. सौगत (saugata).
Derivable forms: sautrāntikāḥ (सौत्रान्तिकाः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sautrāntika (सौत्रान्तिक).—m. Plu.
(-kāḥ) Name of one of the four great schools of Bud'DhismSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 12 books and stories containing Sautrantika, Sautrāntika, Sautrāntikā; (plurals include: Sautrantikas, Sautrāntikas, Sautrāntikās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 12 - Non-existence of the outer object < [Chapter XX - The Virtue of Generosity and Generosity of the Dharma]
Appendix 1 - Comparison of asaṃskṛta in Buddhist literature < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
II. Emptiness in the Hinayānist sects < [Note on emptiness (śūnyatā)]
The Buddhist Philosophy of Universal Flux (by Satkari Mookerjee)
Chapter XVI - Nirvāṇa < [Part I - Metaphysics]
Chapter IV - A Critical Estimate of the Sautrāntika Theory of Causation < [Part I - Metaphysics]
Chapter XIV - A Critical Estimate of the Non-soul Theory of the Buddhist Philosophers < [Part I - Metaphysics]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 10 - The Schools of Theravada Buddhism < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 19 - Brief survey of the evolution of Buddhist Thought < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 14 - Sautrāntika Theory of Perception < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Buddhacarita (by Charles Willemen)
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)