Samvega, Saṃvega: 17 definitions


Samvega means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

Saṃvega.—The oppressive sense of shock, dismay, and alienation that comes with realizing the futility and meaninglessness of life as its normally lived; a chastening sense of ones own complacency and foolishness in having let oneself live so blindly; and an anxious sense of urgency in trying to find a way out of the meaningless cycle.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Saṃvega (संवेग, “spiritual craving”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the liṅga or guṇa heading, according to various Jain authors (e.g., Cāmuṇḍarāya, Amitagati and Vasunandin). Pūjyapāda, in his Sarvārtha-siddhi verse 7.12, has defined saṃvega as the ever-present fear of the cycle of transmigration. Hemacandra, in his Yogaśāstra verse 2.15, characterizes saṃvega more positively as the desire for mokṣa arising from the realization that the pleasures of gods and men are, in the last resort, unsatisfying. Amitagati, in his Śrāvakācāra verse 2.74, calls saṃvega unwavering attachment to deva, guru, and dharma. Āśādhara, in his Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta verse 1.4, calls saṃvega fear of the unstable saṃsāra which brings sickness and sorrow and sudden calamity.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Saṃvega (संवेग) refers to the “desire for emancipation” and represents one of the five Lakṣaṇas (“characteristics”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The ninth [sthānaka] is right-belief, free from the faults of doubt, etc., adorned with the qualities of firmness, etc., characterized by tranquillity, etc. [viz., saṃvega-lakṣaṇa] [...]”.

Note: The characteristics (lakṣaṇa) are: tranquillity (śama); desire for emancipation (saṃvega); disgust with the world (nirveda); compassion (anukampa); faith in the principles of truth (āstikya).—(cf. Yogaśāstra 2.15.)

Saṃvega (“desire for emancipation”) as one of the five characteristics of Saṃyagdarśana (“right-belief”), is also mentioned in chapter 1.3 in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Attachment to the principles told by the scriptures is called ‘right-belief’ (saṃyakśraddhāna or saṃyagdarśana), and is produced by intuition or instruction of a Guru. [...] Right-belief is marked by five characteristics: equanimity, desire for emancipation, disgust with existence, compassion, belief in principles of truth. It is called desire for emancipation (saṃvega) when there is disgust with the objects of the senses on the part of one meditating on the results of karma and the worthlessness of saṃsāra”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Saṃvega (संवेग).—What is the meaning of saṃvega? A.I.2.11 Incessant fear of the miseries of transmigration is saṃvega.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Saṃvega (संवेग) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.12.—What is (saṃvega)? It is to cultivate awe at the misery of worldly existence.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saṃvega (संवेग) refers to the “desire for liberation”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Further, for the complete attainment of the desire for liberation (saṃvega), non-attachment, restraint and tranquillity, those [twelve reflections] are tied to the post of the mind by mendicants desiring liberation”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvega in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṃvega : (m.) anxiety; agitation; religious emotion.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃvega (संवेग).—

1) Agitation, flurry, excitement; हृन्मर्ममेदिपतदुत्कटकङ्कपत्त्रसंवेगतत्क्षणकृतस्फुटदङ्गभङ्गा (hṛnmarmamedipatadutkaṭakaṅkapattrasaṃvegatatkṣaṇakṛtasphuṭadaṅgabhaṅgā) Mv.1.39.

2) Violent speed, impetuosity, vehemence; कुतश्चित् संवेगात् प्रचल इव शल्यस्य शकलः (kutaścit saṃvegāt pracala iva śalyasya śakalaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.26; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.6.

3) Haste, speed.

4) Agonising pain, poignancy.

Derivable forms: saṃvegaḥ (संवेगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃvega (संवेग).—[, nt. (Sanskrit only m.), perturbation: mahāntaṃ saṃvegam (nom. sg.) utpannaṃ Mahāvastu ii.45.8; but mss. vegaṃ, Senart em.; vega, also, is only m. in Sanskrit]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvega (संवेग).—i. e. sam-vij + a, m. 1. Haste proceeding from fear, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 51, 14. 2. Speed, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 26, 12 (tīvra-, adj. Wounding quickly). 3. Vehemence, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 95, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvega (संवेग).—[masculine] agitation, flurry; intensity, high degree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃvega (संवेग):—[=saṃ-vega] [from saṃ-vij] a m. violent agitation, excitement, flurry, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] vehemence, intensity, high degree, [Uttararāma-carita; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] desire of emancipation, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

4) [=saṃ-vega] b saṃ-vejana See saṃ-√vij.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvega (संवेग):—[saṃ-vega] (gaḥ) 1. m. Hurry, haste.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃvega (संवेग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saṃvea, Saṃvega.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samvega in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃvega (संवेग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃvega.

Saṃvega has the following synonyms: Saṃvea.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃvēga (ಸಂವೇಗ):—

1) [noun] put into motion or activity (by joy, fear, anxiety, etc.); excited.

2) [noun] intense enthusiasm; ardent endeavour; zeal.

3) [noun] a hurry or rush (often thoughtless, rash or undue speed); haste.

4) [noun] undue pride; arrogance; overbearingness.

5) [noun] (jain.) the quality or sate of being not influenced by personal interest, selfish motives, sensual enjoyments, worldly possessions, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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