Samvaya, Saṃvaya, Samvāya: 4 definitions

Introduction:

Samvaya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Samvāya (सम्वाय) refers to one of the twelve limbs of the internal-corpus (aṅga-praviṣṭa). The Aṅgapraviṣṭa refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve (e.g., samvāya) or of many kinds”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃvaya (संवय) [or सवय, savaya].—f Habit, disposedness, addictedness &c. See savaī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃvaya (संवय).—See savaī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃvaya (संवय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃvad.

2) Saṃvaya (संवय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃṣṛta.

3) Saṃvāya (संवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃvāda.

Saṃvāya has the following synonyms: Saṃvāda.

4) Saṃvāya (संवाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃvāda.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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