Nirveda, aka: Nir-veda; 7 Definition(s)


Nirveda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nirveda (निर्वेद, “discouragement”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nirveda (निर्वेद, “despondency”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as, being reduced to poverty, getting insulted, abusive language, anger, beating, loss of beloved persons, and the knowledge of the ultimate (lit. essential) truth and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by determinants such as weeping, sighing, deep breathing, deliberation and the like, on the part of women, and of persons of the inferior type.

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Nirveda (निर्वेद) refers to the “disgust” which the Buddha experienced according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“Then the Bodhisattva grew up gradually and, having seen an old man, a sick man, he experienced disgust (nirveda) for worldly things. At midnight, he left his home (abhiniṣkramaṇa) and practiced asceticism (duṣkaracarya) for six years”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Nirveda (निर्वेद, “disgust”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the liṅga and guṇa heading, according to various Jain authors (eg., Cāmuṇḍarāya, Amitagati and Vasunandin). Nirveda is the loathing induced in a man of right faith by contact with the world and its miseries: he will have known the world and found it evil. But, continues Hemacandra (Yogaśāstra verse 2.15), others hold saṃvega to mean disgust with mundane existence and nirveda desire for final release. Amitagati, in his Śrāvakācāra verse 2.74, understands by nirveda the distaste for sensual pleasures.

Source: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Nirveda in Marathi glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nirvēda (निर्वेद).—m S Disgust, loathing, nausea.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirveda (निर्वेद).—

1) Disgust, loathing.

2) Satiety, cloy.

3) Depression of spirits, despair, despondency; निर्वेदो नात्र कर्तव्यः (nirvedo nātra kartavyaḥ) Mb.3.32.5; परिभवान्निर्वेदमापद्यते (paribhavānnirvedamāpadyate) Mk.1.14.

4) Humiliation.

5) Grief.

6) Complete indifference to wordly objects; तदा गन्तासि निर्वेदं श्रोतव्यस्य श्रुतस्य च (tadā gantāsi nirvedaṃ śrotavyasya śrutasya ca) Bg. 2.52 (regarded as the feeling which gives rise to the sentiment called śānta (quietude); निर्वेदस्थायिभावोऽस्ति शान्तोऽपि नवमो रसः (nirvedasthāyibhāvo'sti śānto'pi navamo rasaḥ) K. P.4; (see R. G. under nirveda).

7) Self-disparagement or humiliation (regarded as one of the 33 subordinate feelings); cf. the definition in R. G. under निर्वेद (nirveda); (the following is there given as an instance; yadi lakṣmaṇa sā mṛgekṣaṇā na madīkṣāsaraṇiṃ sameṣyati | amunā jaḍajīvitena me jagatā vā viphalena kiṃ phalam ||).

8) Shame.

Derivable forms: nirvedaḥ (निर्वेदः).

--- OR ---

Nirveda (निर्वेद).—a. not acknowledging the Vedas, an atheist, infidel.

Nirveda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and veda (वेद).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirveda (निर्वेद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Not having the Vedas, infidel, unscriptural. m.

(-daḥ) 1. Humility, self-Humiliation. 2. Being neglected or disregarded by others. 3. Indifference, disregard of worldly objects. E. nir depreciative particle, vid to know, affix bhāve ghañ, or nir neg. veda the Vedas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1479 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Nirvaṇa (निर्वण) or Nirvvaṇa.—mfn. (-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Bare, open, (a country) E. nir neg. vana a woo...
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Niraya (निरय).—m. (-yaḥ) Hell. E. nir out, beyound, aya good fortune.--- OR --- Nirāya (निराय)....
Nirupama (निरुपम).—mfn. (-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Unequalled, having no resemblance or likeness. E. nir, an...
Nirāmaya (निरामय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Well, hale, recovered from sickness. m. (-yaḥ) 1. A wild ...
Ṛgveda (ऋग्वेद).—m. (-daḥ) The Rich or Rik Veda, the first of the four Vedas. E. ṛc and veda a ...
Vedavyāsa (वेदव्यास).—m. (-saḥ) The Muni Vyasa. E. veda the Vedas, vi and āṅ severally, before ...
Yajurveda (यजुर्वेद).—n. (-daṃ) The Yajur-Veda: see the next. E. yajus, veda a Veda.
Nirañjana (निरञ्जन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Void of passion or emotion. 2. Unstained, unblackene...
Vedānta (वेदान्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) The theological part of the Vedas; considered collectively it is ...
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Nirantara (निरन्तर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Coarse, gross, without interstices. 2. Continuous. 3...

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