Nirveda, aka: Nir-veda; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nirveda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nirveda (निर्वेद, “discouragement”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nirveda (निर्वेद, “despondency”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as, being reduced to poverty, getting insulted, abusive language, anger, beating, loss of beloved persons, and the knowledge of the ultimate (lit. essential) truth and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by determinants such as weeping, sighing, deep breathing, deliberation and the like, on the part of women, and of persons of the inferior type.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of nirveda in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Nirveda (निर्वेद) refers to the “disgust” which the Buddha experienced according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“Then the Bodhisattva grew up gradually and, having seen an old man, a sick man, he experienced disgust (nirveda) for worldly things. At midnight, he left his home (abhiniṣkramaṇa) and practiced asceticism (duṣkaracarya) for six years”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of nirveda in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Nirveda in Jainism glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirveda (निर्वेद, “disgust”) refers to an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the liṅga and guṇa heading, according to various Jain authors (eg., Cāmuṇḍarāya, Amitagati and Vasunandin). Nirveda is the loathing induced in a man of right faith by contact with the world and its miseries: he will have known the world and found it evil. But, continues Hemacandra (Yogaśāstra verse 2.15), others hold saṃvega to mean disgust with mundane existence and nirveda desire for final release. Amitagati, in his Śrāvakācāra verse 2.74, understands by nirveda the distaste for sensual pleasures.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of nirveda in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Nirveda in Marathi glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nirvēda (निर्वेद).—m S Disgust, loathing, nausea.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of nirveda in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirveda (निर्वेद).—

1) Disgust, loathing.

2) Satiety, cloy.

3) Depression of spirits, despair, despondency; निर्वेदो नात्र कर्तव्यः (nirvedo nātra kartavyaḥ) Mb.3.32.5; परिभवान्निर्वेदमापद्यते (paribhavānnirvedamāpadyate) Mk.1.14.

4) Humiliation.

5) Grief.

6) Complete indifference to wordly objects; तदा गन्तासि निर्वेदं श्रोतव्यस्य श्रुतस्य च (tadā gantāsi nirvedaṃ śrotavyasya śrutasya ca) Bg. 2.52 (regarded as the feeling which gives rise to the sentiment called śānta (quietude); निर्वेदस्थायिभावोऽस्ति शान्तोऽपि नवमो रसः (nirvedasthāyibhāvo'sti śānto'pi navamo rasaḥ) K. P.4; (see R. G. under nirveda).

7) Self-disparagement or humiliation (regarded as one of the 33 subordinate feelings); cf. the definition in R. G. under निर्वेद (nirveda); (the following is there given as an instance; yadi lakṣmaṇa sā mṛgekṣaṇā na madīkṣāsaraṇiṃ sameṣyati | amunā jaḍajīvitena me jagatā vā viphalena kiṃ phalam ||).

8) Shame.

Derivable forms: nirvedaḥ (निर्वेदः).

--- OR ---

Nirveda (निर्वेद).—a. not acknowledging the Vedas, an atheist, infidel.

Nirveda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and veda (वेद).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirveda (निर्वेद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Not having the Vedas, infidel, unscriptural. m.

(-daḥ) 1. Humility, self-Humiliation. 2. Being neglected or disregarded by others. 3. Indifference, disregard of worldly objects. E. nir depreciative particle, vid to know, affix bhāve ghañ, or nir neg. veda the Vedas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of nirveda in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 1479 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Veda
Veda.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’ (the four Vedas being Ṛk, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan); rarely used to i...
Nirvana
Nirvaṇa (निर्वण) or Nirvvaṇa.—mfn. (-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Bare, open, (a country) E. nir neg. vana a woo...
Ayurveda
Ayurveda (अयुर्वेद) refers to the “science of medicine” and represents one of the divisions of ...
Vedanga
Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowle...
Niraya
Niraya (निरय).—m. (-yaḥ) Hell. E. nir out, beyound, aya good fortune.--- OR --- Nirāya (निराय)....
Nirupama
Nirupama (निरुपम).—mfn. (-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Unequalled, having no resemblance or likeness. E. nir, an...
Niramaya
Nirāmaya (निरामय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Well, hale, recovered from sickness. m. (-yaḥ) 1. A wild ...
Rigveda
Ṛgveda (ऋग्वेद).—m. (-daḥ) The Rich or Rik Veda, the first of the four Vedas. E. ṛc and veda a ...
Vedavyasa
Vedavyāsa (वेदव्यास).—m. (-saḥ) The Muni Vyasa. E. veda the Vedas, vi and āṅ severally, before ...
Yajurveda
Yajurveda (यजुर्वेद).—n. (-daṃ) The Yajur-Veda: see the next. E. yajus, veda a Veda.
Niranjana
Nirañjana (निरञ्जन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Void of passion or emotion. 2. Unstained, unblackene...
Vedanta
Vedānta (वेदान्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) The theological part of the Vedas; considered collectively it is ...
Nirbhaya
Nirbhaya (निर्भय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Fearless, undaunted. E. nir not, bhaya fear.
Nirvacana
Nirvacana (निर्वचन).—1) Utterance, pronunciation.2) A proverbial expression, proverb; न निर्मन्...
Nirantara
Nirantara (निरन्तर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Coarse, gross, without interstices. 2. Continuous. 3...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: