Mudga; 6 Definition(s)


Mudga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Mudga (मुद्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to Vigna radiata (“mung bean” or “green gram”). It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant Mudga is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Mudga is astringent-sweet, rough, cold, kaṭuvipāka, light and non-slimy in character. It alleviates kapha and pitta nad is the best among the legumes (śamīdhānya) used as pulses. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and prefers hot, dry regions. It is traditionally used as an ingredient in various dishes and soups and serve as a rich source of protein and nutrition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.


Mudga (मुद्ग) refers to Phaseolus mungo, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Cakes made of Mudga are referred to (vere 535). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

(Source): Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Mudga (मुद्ग) denoting a kind of bean (Phaseolus Mungo), occurs in a list of vegetables in the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā. A ‘soup of rice with beans’ (mudgaudana) is mentioned in the Śāṅkhāyana-āraṇyaka and the Sūtras. Cf. perhaps Mudgala.

(Source): Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mudga (मुद्ग) refers to a type of pulse (Phaseolus mungo) and represents one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

(Source): Jaina Yoga
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mudga (मुद्ग).—m S (Popularly mūga) A grain, Phaseolus mungo.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mudga (मुद्ग).—[mud gak Uṇ.1.133]

1) A kind of kidneybean.

2) A lid, cover.

3) A kind of sea-bird.

4) A kind of weapon (mudgara); विरूपाक्षस्तु महता शूलमुद्गधनुष्मता (virūpākṣastu mahatā śūlamudgadhanuṣmatā) Rām.6.37.14.

Derivable forms: mudgaḥ (मुद्गः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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