Samanika, Sāmānika, Samanīka, Samānikā: 8 definitions
Samanika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Samānikā (समानिका) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., samānikā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Sāmānika (सामानिक).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. The occupation of the sāmānikas is to behave as someone as good as Indra.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Sāmānika (सामानिक) refers to one of the ten divisions of Gods, situated in the “upper World” (ūrdhvaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly:—“[...] The 10 divisions of the gods are: Indras, Sāmānikas, Trāyastriṃśas, Pārṣadyas, Rakṣakas, Lokapālas, Anīkas, Prakīrṇas, Ābhiyogikas, Kilbiṣikas. [....] The Sāmānikas are the same as the Indras, but lack Indraship. [...]”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Sāmānika (सामानिक) refers to “Indra’s equal or co-chief” and represents one of the ten grades (ranks) of celestial beings (deva), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.4. These celestial beings (devas, gods) are of four orders /classes” and each class of celestial beings has ten grades (e.g., Sāmānika).
Who are called Indra’s equal/co-chief (sāmānika)? The ‘equals’ are like chiefs in wealth, life, family, enjoyments etc but lack authority and spleandour.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Samanīka (समनीक).—Battle, war; अमुं वीरं वव्रे बहुषु समनीकेषु मघवा (amuṃ vīraṃ vavre bahuṣu samanīkeṣu maghavā) Mv.4.18; B. R.7.6/61.
Derivable forms: samanīkam (समनीकम्).
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Sāmānika (सामानिक).—a. Of equal rank or dignity.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Samanīka (समनीक).—[neuter] front of battle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Samanīka (समनीक):—[=sam-anīka] n. battle, war, [Ṛg-veda] ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 17]), [Bālarāmāyaṇa vii, 60/61.]
2) Samānikā (समानिका):—[from samāna] f. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]
3) Sāmānika (सामानिक):—[from sāmāna] mfn. ([from] 2. samāna) of equal rank or dignity with ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan; Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Samanīka (समनीक):—(2. sam + a) n. Schlachtreihe [das 2, 17.] [Ṛgveda 10, 107, 11.] tas in Schlachtordnung [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 6, 4.]
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Samānikā (समानिका):—f. = samānī (s. u. samāna) ein best. Metrum: 4 Mal 4 Trochäen [Colebrooke 2, 159] [?(III, 6). Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 367.]
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Sāmānika (सामानिक):—(von samāna) adj. [?Kārikā. 1 zu Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 60.] sahasraiḥ [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 313] vielleicht fehlerhaft für sāmājika .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+14): Samanikamurdhan, Samanikatas, Deva, Mahapundarika, Samanaka, Pundarika, Indra, Mahapadma, Padma, Tigincha, Keshari, Prakirna, Abhiyogya, Anika, Rakshaka, Kilbisha, Meghasvara, Parshadya, Mahadruma, Bhutananda.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Samanika, Sāmānika, Samanīka, Samānikā, Sam-anika, Sam-anīka; (plurals include: Samanikas, Sāmānikas, Samanīkas, Samānikās, anikas, anīkas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 8 - Monk Kurudattaputra and other heavens < [Chapter 1]
Part 1 - Asurendra Camara < [Chapter 1]
Part 2 - Sāmānika gods of Asurendra Camara, etc. < [Chapter 1]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Indra Camara’s attack on Śakra < [Chapter IV - Mahāvīra’s second period of more than six years]
Part 11: Origin of Dhūmaketu’s enmity < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 8: Birth-ceremonies presided over by Śakra < [Chapter II - Birth of Ajita and Sagara]