Samanika, Sāmānika, Samanīka, Samānikā: 10 definitions



Samanika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Samānikā (समानिका) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., samānikā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sāmānika (सामानिक).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. The occupation of the sāmānikas is to behave as someone as good as Indra.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sāmānika (सामानिक) refers to one of the ten divisions of Gods, situated in the “upper World” (ūrdhvaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly:—“[...] The 10 divisions of the gods are: Indras, Sāmānikas, Trāyastriṃśas, Pārṣadyas, Rakṣakas, Lokapālas, Anīkas, Prakīrṇas, Ābhiyogikas, Kilbiṣikas. [....] The Sāmānikas are the same as the Indras, but lack Indraship. [...]”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Sāmānika (सामानिक) refers to “Indra’s equal or co-chief” and represents one of the ten grades (ranks) of celestial beings (deva), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.4. These celestial beings (devas, gods) are of four orders /classes” and each class of celestial beings has ten grades (e.g., Sāmānika).

Who are called Indra’s equal/co-chief (sāmānika)? The ‘equals’ are like chiefs in wealth, life, family, enjoyments etc but lack authority and spleandour.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samanīka (समनीक).—Battle, war; अमुं वीरं वव्रे बहुषु समनीकेषु मघवा (amuṃ vīraṃ vavre bahuṣu samanīkeṣu maghavā) Mv.4.18; B. R.7.6/61.

Derivable forms: samanīkam (समनीकम्).

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Sāmānika (सामानिक).—a. Of equal rank or dignity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samanīka (समनीक).—[neuter] front of battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samanīka (समनीक):—[=sam-anīka] n. battle, war, [Ṛg-veda] ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 17]), [Bālarāmāyaṇa vii, 60/61.]

2) Samānikā (समानिका):—[from samāna] f. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

3) Sāmānika (सामानिक):—[from sāmāna] mfn. ([from] 2. samāna) of equal rank or dignity with ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan; Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samānikā (समानिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Samāṇiā, Sāmāṇia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samanika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sāmānika (ಸಾಮಾನಿಕ):—[adjective] of equal status, rank, importance.

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Sāmānika (ಸಾಮಾನಿಕ):—

1) [noun] (jain.) a class of deities.

2) [noun] a deity belonging to this class.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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