Samantabhadra, Samanta-bhadra: 17 definitions

Introduction

Samantabhadra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samantabhadra in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—A Jain scholar of great repute who is believed to have written, besides many well-known religious books such as आप्तमीमांसा गन्धहस्तिभाष्य (āptamīmāṃsā gandhahastibhāṣya) etc. on Jainism, a treatise on grammar called Cintamani Vyakarana.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samantabhadra in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of a Bodhisattva who is praised by the Buddhas, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVII.—Accordingly, “the Buddhas praise these Bodhisattvas. Who are they? They are, for example, Wen-chou-che-li (Mañjuśrī), P’i-mo-lo-kie (Vimalakīrti), Kouan-che-yin (Avalokiteśvara), Ta-che-tche (Mahāsthāmaprāpta), Pien-ki (Samantabhadra). These leaders among the Bodhisattvas appear in the threefold world (traidhātuka), create for themselves innumerable bodies by transformation, enter into saṃsāra and convert beings. From such exploits (adbhuta) comes the entire very profound prajñāpāramitā”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

1) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of the Bodhisattva offspring associated with Vairocana: one of the Dhyāni-Buddhas, according to Vajrayāna or Tantric Buddhism.—His colour is white; and his symbol is the cakra.—The Dhyāni Buddhas are the progenitors of the different families and they have each a spiritual consort and spiritual son. These spiritual sons are called the Bodhisattvas. The Bodhisattvas bear the same colour, and the same recognition symbol whether they sit or stand. The Bodhisattva with the Cakra symbol is Samantabhadra and is thus affiliated to the Dhyāni Buddha Vairocana with the Cakra symbol. He belongs to the Tathāgata Kula. When represented, he either stands erect or sits in different sitting attitudes, such as Dhyāna, Lalita or Bhadra poses on a full-blown lotus. He usually holds the stem of a lotus on which the family symbol, the Cakra, is shown

2) Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) (“Universal Goodness”) is the name of a Bodhisattva commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—His color is yellow and blue; his symbol is the jewel.—Samantabhadra is popular both in Tibet and China where his images are frequent and numerous. Although images of Samantabhadra are not rare in India, the bulk of his images are to be met with in China, At least five images of the Bodhisattva are found in Peiping alone.

Samantabhadra is described several times in the Niṣpannayogāvalī as follows:

(1: Dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala):—“Samantabhadra is yellow in colour, shows the Varada (boon) in the right hand and holds on the left the sword on lotus”. (2: Durgatipariśodhana-maṇḍala):—“Samantabhadra is of golden colour, holds a bunch of jewels in theright hand, while the left rests on the hip”. (3: Kālacakra-maṇḍala):—“Samantabhadra is blue in colour and holds in his three right hands the Vajra, the Kartri and the Paraśu, and in the three left hands the Ghaṇṭa, the Kapāla and the severed head of Brahmā. Sometimes the head of Brahmā is replaced by the Utpala. He is embraced by his consort Dharmavajrā”.

Samantabhadra is described in the Sādhanamālā (in the Lokanātha-sādhana) as follows:

“Samantabhadra is of yellowish colour, holds the jewel on a lotus and exhibits the Varada-mudrā in his two hands”.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the 12th-century Abhisamayamañjarī. Samantabhadra is alternatively known by the name Aiśvaryavajra because he bestows all powers. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Samantabhadra is associated with all the sense fields and the color pure white. He is to be visualised as holding an attribute in his right hand and a bell in his left. The deities of the sense organs and fields are the esoteric equivalents of the deities associated with the skandhas.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Samantabhadrī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Samantabhadra] are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samantabhadra in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र) refers to the third of the “eight Bodhisattvas” (aṣṭabodhisattva) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 12). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., aṣṭa-bodhisattva and Samantabhadra). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

Also called “Visvabhadra Bodhisattva” or “Universally Worthy Bodhisattva”. Being one of the Four Great Bodhisattvas, he is the Bodhisattva of Great Conduct, representing the Law. He has Ten Great King Vows, which are the guidelines in practising Buddhism, and cultivating the Buddhist Way.

Source: The Art of Asia: Who is Who in HeavenSamantabhadra (Chinese: Pu suien; Japanese: Fugen) Bodhisattva of Universal Goodness/Truth and PracticeSource: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

According to Taranatha, Mallikabuddhi, Muditabha-bhadra and Samantabhadra were the contemporaries of King Buddhapaksha (990-952 BCE). Brahmana Shanku, Brihaspati, and Rahulamitra and Buddhamitra were also lived during the time of Buddhapaksha.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samantabhadra in Jainism glossary
Source: academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana

According to inscriptional references, Samantabhadra, the founder of Syadvada philosophy, was the disciple of Balakapichcha who was the pupil of Umaswami. After Samantabhadra, Devanandi and Akalanka were the Digambara Acharyas. It appears that Akalanka was the follower or the founder of Desiya Gana as mentioned in the inscription dated Saka 1085 (502 CE).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

[«previous (S) next»] — Samantabhadra in India history glossary
Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Tibetan Buddhism

Samantabhadra (1641-1541 BCE).—According to the Nyingma tradition, Samantabhadra Vajradhara or Padmasambhava, the second Buddha was the founder of Dzogchen. Samantabhadra taught Dzogchen (Mahayana/Vajrayana Buddhism) to Vajrasattva. Evidently, Samantabhadra and Padmasambhava were the same person.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Samantabhadra.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. III, p. 199), prosperous on all sides. Note: samantabhadra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samantabhadra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—a Buddha or the Buddha.

Derivable forms: samantabhadraḥ (समन्तभद्रः).

Samantabhadra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms samanta and bhadra (भद्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—(1) (see also Bhadra 1, Samanta, Samantata-bhadra) name of a celebrated Bodhisattva, sometimes one of eight (e.g. Dharmasaṃgraha 12) or sixteen ((Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 40.13) Bodhisattvas; other cases: Mahāvyutpatti 648; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 472.2 ff.; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 157.18; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 1.10; Bhadracarī, prose introduction (in verses Samantata-bh°); Kāraṇḍavvūha 1.12; 63.18; 92.18; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 62.21; 68.20, etc.; Gaṇḍavyūha 2.13; 33.1; 530.12, etc.; Sādhanamālā 8.2 etc.; (2) name of one or more Tathāgatas: Mahāvastu iii.236.15; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 105.9; Sādhanamālā 12.4.

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Samantabhadrā (समन्तभद्रा).—name of a goddess: Mahāvyutpatti 4289.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samantabhadra (समन्तभद्र).—m.

(-draḥ) A Jina or Budd'ha. E. samanta every way, and bhadra auspicious.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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