Samani, Sāmāni, Shamani, Śamanī, Samānī, Sāmanī, Sanmani: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Samani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śamanī can be transliterated into English as Samani or Shamani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sāmāni (सामानि).—Vaiṣṇava sāmas for Bhīmadvādaśi;1 sung by Gandharvas;2 Jaimini learnt them from Vyāsa;3 those learned in, know the Brahmā.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 69. 44.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 31.
  • 3) Ib 9. 50; 60. 15.
  • 4) Ib 79. 95; 101. 346.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Samānī (समानी) refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the samānī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śamanī (शमनी).—Night.

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Samānī (समानी).—1 P.

1) To join, unite, bring together; हस्तौ समानीय (hastau samānīya) R.2.64; Ś.5.15.

2) To fetch. bring; स मारुति- समानीतमहौषधिहृतव्यथः (sa māruti- samānītamahauṣadhihṛtavyathaḥ) R.12.78.

3) To collect, assemble.

4) To bring or offer an oblation.

--- OR ---

Sāmanī (सामनी).—A rope for tying cattle.

See also (synonyms): sāmnī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samānī (समानी).—conduct together, gather, collect; lay together (the hands); conduct towards, unite with ([instrumental] saha); pour together, mix; lead or bring near; carry away, lead home; offer, sacrifice.

Samānī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms samā and (नी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śamanī (शमनी):—[from śamana > śam] a f. See below

2) [from śam] b f. ‘the calming one’, night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Śāmanī (शामनी):—[from śāmana > śāma] f. the southern quarter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Sanmaṇi (सन्मणि):—[=san-maṇi] [from san > sat] m. a genuine gem, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) Samānī (समानी):—[from samāna] a f. a kind of metre, [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha]

6) [=sam-ā-√nī] b [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -nayati, te, to lead or conduct together, join, unite, collect, assemble, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to lead anyone to another, unite one person ([accusative]) with another ([instrumental case] with or without saha), [ib.];

—to lead towards, bring near, [ib.];

—to bring home, [ib.];

—to pour together, mingle (liquids), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra];

—to bring or offer (an oblation), [Mahābhārata] :

—[Causal] -nāyayati ([indeclinable participle] -nāyya), to cause to be brought together or near, convoke, assemble, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

7) Sāmanī (सामनी):—f. (cf. sāmnī) a rope or cord for tying cattle ([varia lectio] dāmanī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samānī (समानी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samāṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Samāṇī (समाणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samānī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sanmāni (ಸನ್ಮಾನಿ):—[noun] = ಸನ್ಮಾನಿತ [sanmanita]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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