Samani, aka: Sāmāni, Shamani, Śamanī, Samānī, Sāmanī; 3 Definition(s)


Samani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śamanī can be transliterated into English as Samani or Shamani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


[Samani in Purana glossaries]

Sāmāni (सामानि).—Vaiṣṇava sāmas for Bhīmadvādaśi;1 sung by Gandharvas;2 Jaimini learnt them from Vyāsa;3 those learned in, know the Brahmā.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 69. 44.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 31.
  • 3) Ib 9. 50; 60. 15.
  • 4) Ib 79. 95; 101. 346.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[Samani in Chandas glossaries]

Samānī (समानी) refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the samānī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Samani in Sanskrit glossaries]

Śamanī (शमनी).—Night.

--- OR ---

Samānī (समानी).—1 P.

1) To join, unite, bring together; हस्तौ समानीय (hastau samānīya) R.2.64; Ś.5.15.

2) To fetch. bring; स मारुति- समानीतमहौषधिहृतव्यथः (sa māruti- samānītamahauṣadhihṛtavyathaḥ) R.12.78.

3) To collect, assemble.

4) To bring or offer an oblation.

--- OR ---

Sāmanī (सामनी).—A rope for tying cattle.

See also (synonyms): sāmnī.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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