Prakirna, Prakīrṇa: 8 definitions

Introduction

Prakirna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Prakīrṇa (प्रकीर्ण) refers to “miscellaneous causes” and represents one of the three “constituents of poetry” (kāvyāṅga) designated by Ācārya Vāmana in his Kāvyālaṅkārasūtravṛtti (also see the Kāvyaprakāśa).

By prakīrṇa he means the following six factors:

  1. lakṣyajñatva, or study of scriptures;
  2. abhiyoga, or practice of composing poetic works;
  3. vṛddhasevā, or listening to the instructions of the preceptor,
  4. avekṣaṇa, or use of appropriate words or terms and avoidance of improper words or terms;
  5. pratibhāna, or inborn genius of poetic intuition,
  6. avadhāna, or concentration of mind.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Prakīrṇa (प्रकीर्ण).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. They are also known by the name Prakīrṇaka. The occupation of the prakīrṇas is to act as ordinary townsman or villagers.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prakīrṇa (प्रकीर्ण).—a S Containing numerous subjects--a chapter, book, discourse. 2 p Expanded, opened, unfolded. 3 Spread abroad, diffused: also widely proclaimed or published.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prakīrṇa (प्रकीर्ण).—a Containing numerous subjects. Expanded. Diffused.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prakīrṇa (प्रकीर्ण).—p. p.

1) Scattered about, scattered forth, thrown about, dispersed; प्रकीर्णमूर्धजा राजन् यक्षाधिपतिमब्रुवन् (prakīrṇamūrdhajā rājan yakṣādhipatimabruvan) Mb.3.161.17.

2) Spread, published, promulgated.

3) Waved, waving; जवात् प्रकीर्णैरभितः प्रकीर्णकैः (javāt prakīrṇairabhitaḥ prakīrṇakaiḥ) Śi.12.17.

4) Disordered, loose, dishevelled.

5) Confused, incoherent; बह्वपि स्वेच्छया कामं प्रकीर्णमभिधीयते (bahvapi svecchayā kāmaṃ prakīrṇamabhidhīyate) Śi.2.63.

6) Agitated, excited.

7) Miscellaneous, mixed; as the प्रकीर्णकाण्ड (prakīrṇakāṇḍa) of Bhaṭṭikāvya.

8) Expanded, opened.

9) Standing alone.

1) Destroyed, killed; प्रकीर्णमेष भारं हि यद्वद्धार्येत दस्युभिः (prakīrṇameṣa bhāraṃ hi yadvaddhāryeta dasyubhiḥ) Mb.12.215.14.

11) Thickly covered; प्रकीर्णमलपङ्कः (prakīrṇamalapaṅkaḥ) Dk.2.2.

-rṇam 1 A miscellany, any miscellaneous collection.

2) A chapter containing miscellaneous rules.

3) A chapter or section of a book.

4) Scattering or throwing about.

5) Extent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prakīrṇa (प्रकीर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Spread abroad, published, promulgated. 2. Expanded, opened. 3. Miscellaneous, mixed. 4. Scattered, disper- sed, disordered, confused. 5. Agitated, excited, wild. 6. Waved, waving. n.

(-rṇaṃ) 1. A Chowri, a cow-tail used as a fan. 2. A chapter, a section. 3. A collection of miscellaneous rules. E. pra before, kṛ to throw or cast, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prakīrṇa (प्रकीर्ण):—[from prakara > pra-kṝ] mfn. scattered, thrown about, dispersed, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

2) [v.s. ...] squandered, [Dhūrtasamāgama]

3) [v.s. ...] disordered, dishevelled, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] waved, waving, [Śiśupāla-vadha xii, 17]

5) [v.s. ...] mixed, containing various subjects, miscellaneous, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

6) [v.s. ...] standing alone, nowhere mentioned, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

7) [v.s. ...] confused, incoherent (as speech), [Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 63]

8) [v.s. ...] expanded, opened, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] spread abroad, published, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. Guilandina Bonduc, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a horse (?), [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

12) [v.s. ...] n. a miscellany, any miscellaneous collection, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a chapter or section of a book, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] extent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a class of Jaina works, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 533]

16) [v.s. ...] scattering or throwing about, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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