Sakridagamin, Sakrit-agamin, Sakṛdāgāmin, Sakṛdāgamin: 4 definitions



Sakridagamin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sakṛdāgāmin and Sakṛdāgamin can be transliterated into English as Sakrdagamin or Sakridagamin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sakridagamin in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sakṛdāgāmin (सकृदागामिन्) refers to one of the eighteen śaikṣa types of the twenty-seven total classes of individuals (pudgala), as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36. In contrast to the Pṛthagjana ‘the worldly’, the Āryas who have entered onto the Path (mārga) and who make up the holy Community (saṃgha), are arranged into various groups.

The list of the twenty-seven individuals [viz., Sakṛdāgāmin] is one of the masterpieces of the Sarvāstivādin-Vaibhaṣika Abhidharma which, with the help of the canonical sources, has located them precisely along the Path to Nirvāṇa. (cf. Vibhāṣā, Saṃyuktābhidharmasāra and Abhidharmāmṛta). The Prajñāpāramitās have used the preceding sources broadly to establish their twenty categories of saints, but the end-point of the career is no longer the entry into Nirvāṇa but the arrival at the state of Buddha by the conquest of Anuttarasaṃyaksaṃbodhi.

Sakṛdāgāmin means “once-returner”, composed of ‘sakṛt’ and ‘anāgāmin’, according to chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “the characters Si-ki (sakṛt) mean ‘a single time’; K’ie-mi (āgāmin) means ‘who comes back’. The ascetic so named, having left this world and taken rebirth among the gods, comes back from there one single time [into the world of men] and there finds the end to suffering”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sakridagamin in Buddhism glossary
Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryA Sanskrit word means one who returns once. It is the certification of the second fruit of Arhatship. Being a Sakrdagamin, he returns once - once to heaven and once among men before he cuts off the last three categories of his delusions in thought in the Desire Realm.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sakridagamin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sakṛdāgāmin (सकृदागामिन्).—f. °nī (= Pali sakad-ā°), ‘once- returning’, destined to have only one more incarnation (in this world, see Childers): Mahāvyutpatti 5133; 5134; f. °nyaḥ, n. pl., Divyāvadāna 534.1; °mi-phalam Divyāvadāna 17.23; 50.9, etc.; °mi- phalāni Avadāna-śataka i.65.1; etc. See s.v. srota-āpanna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakṛdāgāmin (सकृदागामिन्):—[=sakṛd-āgāmin] [from sakṛd > sa-kṛt] m. ‘returning only once again id est. being re-born’, Name of the second of the four orders of Buddhist Aryas, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 132]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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