Chandaka, Chamdaka: 9 definitions


Chandaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhandaka.

Ambiguity: Although Chandaka has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the word Candaka. It further has the optional forms Chaṇḍaka.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Chandaka (छन्दक).—A kind of temple with a number of towers.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 32 and 49.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Chaṇḍaka (छण्डक) refers to a “guide”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “The Buddha said to Ānanda: ‘[...] Henceforth the Pratimokṣasūtra will be your great teacher (mahācārya). You should carry out bodily activities (kāyakarman) and vocal actions (vākkarman) according to the instructions of the Pratimokṣasūtra.—After my nirvāṇa, your guide (chaṇḍaka), O Bhikṣu, will be the punishment according to the rule of Brahmā (brahmadaṇḍa).—If someone is in a state of mind of panic (abhihatacitta), he should be taught the Saṃthakātyāyanasūtra; then he will be able to obtain the Path. [...]’.”.

2) Chandaka (छन्दक) is the name of an “assistant” (upasthāyaka) of Buddha Śākyamuni, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLI. When the Buddha Śākyamuni had not yet gone forth, he had Chandaka as assistant (upasthāyaka) and Kāludāyin as playmate; his wives Gopiyā, Yaśodharā, etc., were his close entourage.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Chandaka (छन्दक).—

1) An epithet of Vāsudeva.

2) A protector.

Derivable forms: chandakaḥ (छन्दकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Chandaka (छन्दक).—(1) nt. (= Pali id.; from chanda plus ka; see also chanda-yācaka), ‘free-will offering’, general collection of alms for the community of monks, made by going the rounds of the town and inviting subscriptions from all citizens (Avadāna-śataka ii.39.4 ff. describes this); chandakāni Avadāna-śataka i.269.9; otherwise only chandaka-bhikṣaṇa (nt.) in same meaning, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.61.19; ii.77.15; Avadāna-śataka i.257.8, 11; 313.9; 314.2, 4; 317.16; ii.39.4 ff.; in i.264.2 (see Speyer's Index) read chandaka-(ed. chandana)-bhikṣaṇa (ms. and ed. bhikṣa; but the missing -ṇa is read in line 7 below); (2) in Avadāna-śataka ii.55.3…indriyair avikalatvasya kuśaladharma- chandakasya āścaryādbhuto loke prādurbhāvaḥ, Speyer, Index, renders -chandaka by gathering (of merit); but compare Pali dhamma-chanda, desire for the Law, opp. to kāma- chanda, desire for lusts; this is certainly the word involved; either chandaka = chanda (ka svārthe), or, perhaps better, read -chandatvasya, which matches the preceding series of nouns in -tva-sya, the appearance in the world of a state of desiring meritorious (or, felicitous) dharma (Law, or states of being ?) is a prodigious marvel; (3) in Mahāvyutpatti 2225 text tīvreṇa chandakaḥ, presumably adj., desiring (vehe- mently); but v.l. chandena, and so Mironov without v.l. (also Index of Kyoto ed. lists this reference under chanda, not under chandaka); this is probably the true reading: with vehement desire (chanda); (4) name of the Bodhisattva's charioteer (in Pali Channa; here rarely Chanda, q.v.); sometimes even when the meter seems to demand Chanda, Chandaka is written, as in Mahāvastu i.154.9; this is the regular form in prose and verse; Mahāvastu i.154.5 (prose), 6, 9; 155.14; ii.25.12 (prose); 114.5 (prose); 159.12 ff.; 189.1 ff.; iii.91.7; 262.8; Lalitavistara 94.13; 95.10; 123.8; 210.3 ff.; 228.17 ff.; 237.18; Divyāvadāna 391.22; sent with Kālodāyin by Śuddhodana as messenger to Buddha after his enlightenment, Mahāvastu ii.233. 11 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chandaka (छन्दक).—[adjective] charming, winning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Chandaka (छन्दक):—[from chad] a mfn. ifc. ‘charming’ See sarva-

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śākya-muni’s charioteer, [Divyāvadāna xxvii, 158; Lalita-vistara]

3) [from chanda] b 1. & 2.

[Sanskrit to German]

Chandaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Chaṃdaka (ಛಂದಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಛಂದ [chamda]2 - 1;2) [noun] Viṣṇu, the protector of the universe.

3) [noun] a person or thing that protects; guardian; a protector.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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