Salaka, aka: Salākā, Sālaka, Shalaka; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Salaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Salaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śalākā (शलाका).—Wife of maharṣi Dhanañjaya, who belonged to Vasiṣṭha gotra. (For details see under Dhanañjaya V).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A monkey. See the Salaka Jataka.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Sālakā is the name of a house constructed by Devānaṃpiya Tissa (B.C. 247-207) at Mahāvihāra in Anurādhapura. It was restored by Sirisaṃghabodhi (247-249) and Udaya I (797-801). Mahāvihāra, also called the Tissārāma, was a region in the Southern Area of the city of Anurādhapura, founded in B.C. 246 by Devānaṃpiya Tissa and presented to the great Thera, Mahinda. Its territory (including the Sālakā house) comprised the Jotivana (previously called Nandana) and Mahāmegha Parks, the area to south and south-east of the citadel.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Śalākā.—cf. śalāgai (SITI), name of a coin also called palañ- śalāgai (accu) and śrīyakki-palañśalāgai. Note: śalākā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Śalākā.—same as Tamil śalāgai. Note: śalākā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Salaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

salākā : (f.) a blade of grass; ribs of a parasol; a surgical instrument; tickets consisting of slips of wood; a lot.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sālaka, (Sk. syāla+ka) a brother-in-law J. II, 268. (Page 706)

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Salākā, (f.) (cp. Vedic śalākā) 1. an arrow, a dart A iv. 107 (T. has it as nt.).—2. a small stick, peg, thin bar S iv. 168; Dāvs iv. 51.—3. blade of a grass M i. 79; J i. 439.—4. ribs of a parasol Vin iv. 338; SnA 487; Miln. 226.—5. a pencil, small stick (used in painting the eyes with collyrium) Vin i. 204; J iii. 419 (añjana˚). ‹-› 6. a kind of needle Vin ii. 116.—7. a kind of surgical instrument, a stick of caustic Miln. 112, 149.—8. a gong stick (of bronze, loha˚) J ii. 342; Vism. 283.—9. membrum virile J ii. 359.—10. a ticket consisting of slips of wood used in voting and distributing food, vote, lot Vin ii. 99, 176, 306; J i. 123; PvA. 272 (kāḷakaṇṇi˚); salākaŋ gaṇhāti to take tickets (in order to vote or to be counted) Vin i. 117; ii. 199; paṭhaman salākaŋ gaṇhanto taking the first vote, first rate A i. 24; salākaŋ gāheti to issue tickets, to take a vote Vin ii. 205; salākaŋ dadāti to issue tickets J i. 123; salākaŋ vāreti to throw lots J i. 239 (kāḷakaṇṇi˚).

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

śalaka (शलक) [or ख, kha].—f ( A) A volley.

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śalākā (शलाका).—f (S) A spike (as of grass), a straw, a reed, a little rod or pin, a piece of wire, a long, thin, and pointed body in general;--as a rib of an umbrella, a bar of a cage, a slip of bamboo used as a match, a fibrous stick used as a brush or pencil, a toothpick, a tent or probe, a fescue &c. &c.

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śālaka (शालक).—m (Properly śyālaka) A wife's brother. 2 Applied to the husband of one's sister.

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śāḷaka (शाळक).—m (śyālaka S) A wife's brother. 2 Applied to the husband of one's sister.

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salaka (सलक) [or ख, kha].—f ( A) A dashing shower of rain. 2 A volley of fire-arms.

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saḷaka (सळक).—f P A shower of rain. 2 Used, by some, for śalaka or ख. saḷaka dhāra In heavy showers or streams, in torrents--raining.

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saḷakā (सळका).—m (Imit. saḷa! saḷa!) Morbid itching and longing (of the teeth to eat or bite). v suṭa, yē, lāga, jā, jira. Although the approved sense is the restricted one above (dāntācā saḷakā); yet other applications of the general sense given under the verb saḷasaḷaṇēṃ are occasionally met with. 2 A heavy shower. v .

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śalaka (शलक) [-kha, -ख].—f A volley.

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śalākā (शलाका).—f A spike. A long, thin and pointed body.

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śālaka (शालक).—m A brother-in-law.

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salaka (सलक).—f A sharp, shooting pain.

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saḷaka (सळक).—f A shower of rain.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śalaka (शलक).—

1) A spider.

2) A bird.

Derivable forms: śalakaḥ (शलकः).

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Śalākā (शलाका).—[śal-ākaḥ Uṇ.4.15]

1) A small stick, peg, rod, pin, piece, thin bar (of anything); अयस्कान्तमणिशलाका (ayaskāntamaṇiśalākā) Māl.1.

2) A pencil, small stick (used in painting the eyes with collyrium); अज्ञानान्धस्य लोकस्य ज्ञानाञ्जन- शलाकया । चक्षुरुन्मीलितं येन तस्मै पाणिनये नमः (ajñānāndhasya lokasya jñānāñjana- śalākayā | cakṣurunmīlitaṃ yena tasmai pāṇinaye namaḥ) || Śik.58; Ku.1. 47; ययौ शलाकामपरा वहन्ती (yayau śalākāmaparā vahantī) R.7.8.

3) An arrow.

4) A dart, javelin.

5) A probe or a kind of pointed surgical instrument.

6) A rib (as of an umbrella); न ते शतशलाकेन (na te śataśalākena)...छत्रेणाभिविराजते (chatreṇābhivirājate) Rām.2.26.1.

7) A bone (forming the root of the fingers and toes); पाणिपाद- शलाकाश्च तेषां स्थानचतुष्टयम् (pāṇipāda- śalākāśca teṣāṃ sthānacatuṣṭayam) Y.3.85.

8) A sprout, spring, shoot; उद्भिन्नया रत्नशलाकयेव (udbhinnayā ratnaśalākayeva) Ku.1.24.

9) A paint-brush.

1) A tooth-brush, tooth-pick.

11) A porcupine.

12) An oblong piece of ivory or bone used in gambling.

13) A ruler.

14) The Sārikā bird.

15) A peg, pin; ततोऽम्बष्ठोऽस्थिभेदिन्या निरभिद्यच्छलाकया (tato'mbaṣṭho'sthibhedinyā nirabhidyacchalākayā) Mb.7.25.5.

16) Bar (of a cage or window).

17) A finger; शलाकानखपातैश्च (śalākānakhapātaiśca) (yuddhamabhavat) Mb.4.13.29.

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Śālaka (शालक).—A jester, buffoon.

Derivable forms: śālakaḥ (शालकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śalākā (शलाका).—(specialized mgs. of Sanskrit id.; also śilākā, q.v.), (1) app. stick used in counting (so Burnouf; Kern, magic wand): (gaṇayeta yadī naraḥ) śalākāṃ gṛhya hastena paryantaṃ naiva so labhet SP 305.14 (verse), if a man counted them, taking a counting-stick in his hand, he could never get to the end; (2) (= Pali sal°) lot: see s.v. cārayati 1; acc. to Chin. and Japanese on Mvy 9204, a bamboo stick; (3) (= Pali sal°) ticket for food, used by Buddhist monks when entertainment was offered them: (Ānanda, bhikṣūn ārocaya, yo yuṣmākam utsahate śvaḥ Sūrpārakaṃ naga- raṃ gatvā) bhoktuṃ, so śalākāṃ gṛhṇātv iti Divy 44.4, and ff. Just before this, in 43.27, (tāni puṣpāṇi…Jeta- vane gatvā vṛddhānte) sthitāni, dhūpo 'bhrakūṭavad [Page524-b+ 71] udakaṃ vaidūryaśalākāvat (for vaiḍ°), probably like a sliver of vaiḍūrya (in color), with ordinary Sanskrit meaning of śalākā.

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Śalākā (शलाका) or Śilākā.—q.v. in meaning (3): MSV i.30.3, 5, 6, 7; in meaning (2) or (3), ib. ii.120.6, 8, ms. śilākā, ed. em. śīlākā (why?); in 8 ms. °kā-caryamāṇāyaṃ, read °kāyāṃ cār°, see cārayati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śalaka (शलक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A spider. E. śal to go, aff. vun .

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Śalākā (शलाका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A javelin, a dart. 2. An arrow. 3. A porcupine. 4. The rib of an umbrella, the bar of a cage, &c., or any such small stake, rod, peg, or pin; it is applied also in common use, to a thin slip of bamboo, serving when tipped with sulphur for a match; to a round pointed piece of wood or bamboo serving as a toothpick; to a similar piece employed as a tent or probe, or to a larger one used as a ruler, &c. 5. A bone. 6. An oblong quadrangular piece of ivory or bone used in playing a particular game, a domino. 7. A fibrous stick used as a brush or pencil. 8. A thorny shrub, (Vangueria spinosa.) 9. The Sarika, (Turdus Gosalica, Buch.) 10. A shoot, a sprout. E. śal to go, Unadi aff. ākan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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