Kalmashapada, aka: Kalmāṣapāda, Kalmasha-pada; 6 Definition(s)


Kalmashapada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kalmāṣapāda can be transliterated into English as Kalmasapada or Kalmashapada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


[Kalmashapada in Purana glossaries]

Kalmāṣapāda (कल्माषपाद):—Another name for Saudāsa (son of Sudāsa). Saudāsa acquired the propensity of a “man-eater” (rākṣasa) and received on his leg a black spot, for which he was known as Kalmāṣapāda. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.25)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Kalmāṣapāda (कल्माषपाद).—(KALMĀṢĀṄGHRI, MITRASAHA, SAUDĀSA). A famous king of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. He wandered about in the forest as a Rākṣasa for twelve years. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were descended in the following order—Brahmā—Marīci—Kaśyapa—Vivasvān—Vaivasvata Manu—Ikṣvāku—Vikukṣi—Śaśāda—Purañjaya—Kakutstha—Anenas—Pṛthulāśva—Prasenajit—Yuvanāśva—Māndhātā—Purukutsa—Trasadasyu—Anaraṇya—Aryaśva—Vasumanas—Sutanvā—Trayyāruṇa—Satyavrata—(Triśaṅku)—Hariścandra—Rohitāśva—Harita—Cuñcu—Śudeva—Bharuka—Bāhuka—Sagara—Asamañjasa—Aṃśumān—Bhagīratha—Śrutanābha—Sindhudvīpa—Ayutāyus—Ṛtuparṇa—Sarvakāma Sudāsa (Sudhāśana)—Mitrasaha (Kalmāṣapāda). (See full article at Story of Kalmāṣapāda from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kalmāṣapāda (कल्माषपाद).—A king who was cursed by Śakti in Naimiṣa which resulted in the enmity between Vasisṭha and Viśvāmitra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 11.

1b) Another name is Mitrasaha. See saudāsa son of Ṛtuparṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 176; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 46; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 176; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 57.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Kalmashapada in Theravada glossaries]

Kalmāṣapāda (कल्माषपाद) is the name of a king who captured 99 kings but released them after listening to king Sutasoma according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“Sutasoma praised faithfulness to one’s word: ‘The one who keeps his word is a man; he who breaks it is not a man’. He praised truth (satyavāda) in every way and disparaged falsehood (mṛṣāvāda). Listening to him, Kalmāṣapāda developed pure faith (śraddhā-viśuddhi) and said to king Sutasoma: ‘You have spoken well; in return I will release you; you are free. I grant you also the ninety-nine kings, your co-prisoners. May they return, each as he will, to their own countries’. When he had spoken thus, the hundred kings returned to their homes”.

Note: The anthropophagous Kalmāṣapāda does not have a well-defined identity. He is more familiar under the name of Kalmāṣapāda, which certain Chinese sources translate as Po tsou, Pan tsou, i.e., ‘Speckled Foot’; according to the Hien yu king, this surname was given to him because, born of a lioness, he had feet marked with spots like a lion’s fur. In his Sumaṅgalavilāsinī II, Buddhaghosa proposes another explanation: When the anthropophagous king, banished by his subjects, took flight, an acacia spine pierced his foot, and this wound left a scar like a speckled piece of wood.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (Abhidharma)
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

[Kalmashapada in India history glossaries]

According to Ramayana, Kalmashapada was the son of Raghu and became the king of Kosala. Madayanti was his queen. She gave birth to a son named Aśmaka from Vasishtha by Niyoga. Mahabharata and Puranas mention that Kalmashapada was the son of Sudasa. Thus, Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas indicate that Ashmaka, the son of Ikshvaku King Kalmashapada was the founder of Ashmaka Kingdom.

(Source): academia.edu: The Date of Aryabhata
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Kalmashapada in Sanskrit glossaries]

Kalmāṣapāda (कल्माषपाद).—Name of a king (saudāsa), belonging to the solar dynasty.

Derivable forms: kalmāṣapādaḥ (कल्माषपादः).

Kalmāṣapāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kalmāṣa and pāda (पाद).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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