Pratyeka, aka: Pratyēka, Prati-eka; 6 Definition(s)


Pratyeka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pratyeka in Jainism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pratyeka (प्रत्येक) or Pratyekaśarīra refers to the “individual body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by individual body (pratyeka) body-making karma? The karmas rise of which causes each living being to have individual /personal body is called individual body-making karma. 

The opposite-pair of the pratyeka-śarīra (individual body) is the sādhāraṇa-śarīra (common body).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Pratyeka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pratyēka (प्रत्येक).—a (S) Each or every one. 2 Used as ad Severally; one by one.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratyēka (प्रत्येक).—a Each or every one. ad Severally; one by one.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratyeka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pratyeka (प्रत्येक).—a. each, each one, every single one.

-kam ind.

Pratyeka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and eka (एक).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratyeka (प्रत्येक).—(°-), adj., chiefly as prior member of cpds. (but compare pratyekāṃ bodhiṃ Divy 294.10; Av i.99.17; °kāyāṃ bodhau Divy 70.6; 209.16; °kā bodhiḥ Av i.136.7), primarily as in Sanskrit, for a single person, individual, personal; esp. common in pratyekabuddha and other cpds. showing this meaning, see the foll. items; in some BHS cpds., in part with equivalents in Pali, this seems to have developed special connotations, possibly owing to the standard con- trast between a pratyekabuddha's rating (far inferior) and that of a real (samyak-saṃ-)buddha. So pratyeka- niraya (Pali pacceka-n°) or °naraka seems clearly to be a place of less severe punishment than a (mahā-, or regular) niraya: note Mv i.103.(7-)9 (yadi kecit, sc. bodhisattvāḥ, kathaṃcid…avīciṃ mahānirayaṃ gacchanti, atha khalu) pratyekanirayaṃ gacchanti (text adds, they are never born as pretas, asuras, etc.); also Mv ii.350.10, 12; pratyeka- narakaḥ Mvy 4944 = Tibetan ñi tshe baḥi (ephemeral; single, simple, Jä.; Das adds, very small, minute; animals that do not live more than a day) sems can (creatures) dmyal ba (hell), app. then a hell in which creatures live for a short time; Chin. individual hell; no Japanese rendering; iha pratyeka- narakeṣūpapannāḥ…asmābhir itaś cyutair narakeṣūpa- pattavyaṃ bhaviṣyati (app. for further, more serious punishment) Divy 335.25; bahuśaṅkur nāma pratyekana- rakaḥ Śikṣ 57.1; śramaṇavarṇapratirūpakaṃ nāma pra°- narakaṃ (n. sg.!) Śikṣ 136.10; °narakān Bbh 151.16; °narakaḥ Karmav 53.13-14; (tasminn eva janmani) pratyekasvargaṃ pra°narakaṃ (n. sg.) cānubhūtam 57.2 (refers to story of which 53.13-14 is part); here private, personal heaven and hell seem to fit, since the one who experiences both seems to be a single individual (at a given time; a former inhabitant of the pra°naraka is released as the new one arrives); pratyeka-rājan Mv ii.270.10 (see s.v. pṛthu), contrasting with cakravartin, either minor, subordinate, or individual (belonging to a single land?); [Page379-a+ 71] pratyeka-brahman (= Pali pacceka°, PTSD an independent Brahma), Karmav 34.8, see s.v. Baka (Lévi, devenu un des Brahmas, which can hardly suffice); in Mv i.103.1, most strangely, the words brāhmaṇa and pratyeka-brā° seem used for (the god) Brahman and pratyeka-brahman: (bodhisattvā avaivartikadharmā…never enter an evil existence,) atha khalu brāhmaṇā bhavanti pratyekabrāh- maṇā vā indrāś ca upendrāś ca yakṣādhipatayaś ca yakṣāś ca…(note parallelism between pratyeka-br°, contrasting with br°, and upendra and yakṣa, contrasting with Indra and yakṣādhipati).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratyeka (प्रत्येक).—n. Adv.

(-kaṃ) Singly, one by one, one at a time. E. prati, and eka one.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1486 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Eka (एक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. One. 2. Alone, solitary. 3. Other, different. 4. Chief, pre-emi...
Ekapāda (एकपाद).—In iconography, ekapāda does not come under the heading sthānaka, but is found...
Pratika.—cf. Prakrit paḍika (EI 8), see pratikaṃ śatam, ‘one coin per cent’. Note: pratika is d...
Prati (प्रति).—Ind. As a prefix to verbal themes it means,—1. In the direction of, toward...
Ekānta (एकान्त) refers to “absolutistic attitude” and represents one of the five types of ...
Ekāvalī (एकावली).—f. (-lī) A single string of beads, flowers, &c. E. eka and āvalī a row.
Ekākṣa (एकाक्ष).—mfn. (-kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) One-eyed. m. (-kṣaḥ) A crow. E. eka and akṣi an eye.
Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—n. (-paṃ) A picture, an image, the counterpart of any real form. Adj. Cor...
Ekacakra (एकचक्र).—m. (-kraḥ) The name of a city: see harigṛha. E. eka, cakra a circle.
Ekatā (एकता).—f. (-tā) Unity, oneness. E. eka and tal affix. or with tva aff. ekatva n. (-tvaṃ)
Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—mfn. (-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Left, not right. 2. Reverse, inverted, contrary to ...
Ekākṣarā (एकाक्षरा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.24). ...
Ekacara (एकचर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) 1. Solitary, alone. 2. Having one follower. m. (-raḥ) A r...
Ekadeśa (एकदेश).—m. (-śaḥ) A part, a portion, a division. E. eka and deśa place.
Pratipakṣa (प्रतिपक्ष).—nt.? (in Sanskrit only m., rival, enemy; acc. to PTSD, Pali paṭipakkha ...

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