Pravana, Pravaṇa, Pravāṇa, Prāvaṇa, Pravaṇā: 19 definitions


Pravana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pravaṇa (प्रवण).—Circumflex accent; possessed of svarita accent; cf. सुर्वः प्रवण इत्येके । प्रकर्षेण वन्येत व्युत्क्षिप्यते इति प्रवणः स्वरितस्वरः (survaḥ pravaṇa ityeke | prakarṣeṇa vanyeta vyutkṣipyate iti pravaṇaḥ svaritasvaraḥ) T. Pr. I. 47; cf. also प्रवणे यष्टव्यम् (pravaṇe yaṣṭavyam) M. Bh. on VI. 2.33.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Pravaṇa (प्रवण) refers to “sloped”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now the characteristics of the ground on which the water clock is to be set up. On a ground, sloped [i.e., pravaṇa] to the east and north, which has been smeared with cow-dung, a vessel called kuṇḍa, faultless (avraṇa) and auspicious, should be placed ... upon grains of rice and should be encircled with thread dyed in saffron; then it should be filled with clear water. The water clock (i.e. the bowl) should be placed on the placid water in the basin, when the Sun’s orb is half visible, after worshipping Gaṇeśa and the Sun, and after bowing to the teacher and to the personal deity. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pravana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pravaṇa (प्रवण) refers to “possessing” (the perception of knowing subject’s own consciousness), according to Kṣemarāja’s Pratyabhijñāhṛdaya.—Accordingly, while discussing easy methods of Yoga practice: “[...] By apprehending the absence of thought because there is no thinking at all, one becomes full (pravaṇa) of the perception of a knowing subject's own consciousness devoid of defects such as the body and so on, and one soon obtains immersion in the fourth [state] and that beyond the fourth [state], [an immersion] whose expansiveness is [always] opening out”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pravaṇa (प्रवण) refers to “possessing (divine weapons)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.16 (“The head of Gaṇeśa is chopped off”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Viṣṇu of great strength, valour and skill and possessing (pravaṇa) great divine weapons and Śiva’s form [pravaṇaḥ śivarūpakaḥ] fought with him. Gaṇeśa hit all the chief gods with his staff. He hit Viṣṇu too, all of a sudden. The hero had been conferred great strength by the Śaktis. O sage, all the gods including Viṣṇu were hit by him with the stick. They were turned back with their strength sapped. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: 84000: Sampuṭodbhava Tantra (Emergence from Sampuṭa)

Pravaṇā (प्रवणा) refers to one of the primary thirty-two energy-channels in the body, according to the Sampuṭodbhavatantra chapter 1.—Accordingly, “[Vajragarbha asked, ‘What subtle energy channels are in the body?’]—The Blessed One said, ‘There are one hundred and twenty of them, corresponding to the divisions within the four cakras. The chief ones, those with bodhicitta as their innate nature, are thirty-two in number. They are: [i.e., Pravaṇā] [...]’.”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pravaṇa (प्रवण) [=Pravaṇatā?] refers to “inclination (towards the dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, those sixty-four dharmas are included in one hundred twenty-eight dharmas. What are those one hundred twenty-four? [...] 5) striving for the dharma is included in fulfilling one’s own promises and having no regret of others; (6) being interested in the dharma is included in being inclined towards the dharma and inclination towards the dharma (dharma-pravaṇa); (7) the beautiful appearance is included in the absence of sleepiness or bewilderment; (8) the beautiful mind is included in noble birth and eliminating the accidental vices; [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pravaṇa.—(EI 1), ‘excellent’. Note: pravaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pravaṇa (प्रवण).—a S Sloping, shelving, declining. Esp. in comp. as dakṣiṇapravaṇa Descending towards the south. 2 fig. Bent, tending, inclined, disposed towards. Ex. jyā samayīṃ īśvarabhaktipravaṇa citta hōtēṃ tyā samayīṃ viṣayavairāgya hōtēṃ. Gal. v. 16. Also prone, propense, proclivous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pravaṇa (प्रवण).—a.

1) Sloping down, inclined, shelving, flowing downwards; प्रागुदक्प्रवणां वेदिं विशालां दीप्तपावकाम् (prāgudakpravaṇāṃ vediṃ viśālāṃ dīptapāvakām) (dadarśa) Rām.2.99.24.

2) Steep, abrupt, precipitous.

3) Crooked, bent.

4) Inclined, disposed to, tending to (oft. at the end of comp.); भयेकप्रवणः (bhayekapravaṇaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 3.19; श्वपच- प्रवणो भवेत् (śvapaca- pravaṇo bhavet) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.136.18.

5) Devoted or attached to, addicted to, intent on, prone to, full of; नृभिः प्राण- त्राणप्रवणमतिभिः कैश्चिदधुना (nṛbhiḥ prāṇa- trāṇapravaṇamatibhiḥ kaiścidadhunā) Bhartṛhari 3.29; Śiśupālavadha 8.35; Mu.5. 21; Kirātārjunīya 2.44.

6) Favourably inclined or disposed towards; Kumārasambhava 4.42.

7) Eager, ready; प्रवणोऽस्मि वरं दातुम् (pravaṇo'smi varaṃ dātum) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 15.29.22. फलसंपत्प्रवणः (phalasaṃpatpravaṇaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 2.8.

8) Endowed with, possessed of.

9) Humbled, modestly humble, submissive.

1) Decayed, wasted, waning.

11) Generous.

-ṇaḥ 1 A place where four roads meet.

2) A moment.

3) A whirlpool.

-ṇam 1 A descent, a steep descent, precipice; उदके भूरियं धार्या मर्तव्यं प्रवणे मया (udake bhūriyaṃ dhāryā martavyaṃ pravaṇe mayā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.136.13.

2) The side of a hill, slope, declivity.

3) The belly.

4) An access to.

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Pravāṇa (प्रवाण).—The trimming or edging of a piece of woven cloth.

Derivable forms: pravāṇam (प्रवाणम्).

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Prāvaṇa (प्रावण).—A spade, hoe, shovel.

Derivable forms: prāvaṇam (प्रावणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravaṇa (प्रवण) or Prabaṇa.—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Declivity, declining, steep. 2. Bent, bowed. 3. Attached or adhering to, filled with, possessed of, endowed with. 4. Inclined to, disposed to, tending to. 5. Addicted to, devoted to 6. Favourably disposed towords. 7. Curved, crooked. 8. Swift. 9. Generous. 10. Humble, modest. 11. Wasted, decayed. m.

(-ṇaḥ) A place where four roads meet. E. pra before, van to sound, &c. aff. ac .

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Pravāṇa (प्रवाण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) The trimming of a piece of woven cloth.

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Prāvaṇa (प्रावण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) A spade, a hoe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravaṇa (प्रवण).— (akin to prakva), 1. adj. 1. Declining. 2. Bent. 3. Curved. 4. Inclined to, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 3, 54; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 77, 3; endowed with. 5. Swift, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 24 v.r. 6. Ready (with infin.), Mahābhārata 1, 2187. Ii. m. A place where four roads meet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravaṇa (प्रवण).—[substantive] slope, steep descent, precipice, gulf, depth; [adjective] declined, bent, sloping towards (—°); prone, inclined or attached to ([locative], [dative], [genetive], infin., or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pravaṇa (प्रवण):—[=pra-vaṇa] m. ([probably] [from] 1. pra and suffix vana cf. vag-vana, sat-vana, śuśuk-vana; but according to, [Pāṇini 8-4, 5] [from] pra and vana, ‘wood’; according to others from √pru) or n. (?) the side of a hill, slope, declivity, abyss, depth, [Ṛg-veda; Kāṭhaka; Mahābhārata] (in, [Ṛg-veda] only [locative case] sg. and once [plural]; in [Mahābhārata viii, 2369] also [ablative] sg.)

2) [v.s. ...] m. a place where four roads meet, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a moment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a whirlpool, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. an access to ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]

6) [=pra-vaṇa] mf(ā)n. declining, bent, sloping down, steep, abrupt, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) directed towards (cf. udak-, dakṣiṇā-, nimnaetc.)

8) [v.s. ...] inclined or disposed or devoted to, intent upon, full of ([locative case], [dative case] [genitive case] [infinitive mood] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] wasted, decayed, disappeared, [Rāmāyaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] generous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] humble, modest, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [from pra-vaṇa] cf. [Greek] πρηνής; [Latin] prōnus.

13) Pravāṇa (प्रवाण):—[=pra-vāṇa] a ṇi See under pra-√ve.

14) [=pra-vāṇa] [from pra-vayaṇa > pra-ve] b n. the edging or trimming of a piece of woven cloth, [Lāṭyāyana]

15) Prāvaṇa (प्रावण):—[=prā-vaṇa] [from prā] mfn. being among the crags (fire), [Ṛg-veda lii, 22, 4]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravaṇa (प्रवण):—[pra-vaṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Declining, bent attached to; filled with; swift; generous; modest; wasted. m. Place where four roads meet.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pravaṇa (प्रवण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pavaṇa, Pavvāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pravana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pravaṇa (प्रवण) [Also spelled pravan]:—(a) inclined or disposed or prone (to); devoted (to); intent (upon); full (of); ~[] inclination, disposition, devotedness; propensity, proneness; a gradient.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pravaṇa (ಪ್ರವಣ):—

1) [adjective] slanted; inclined; oblique.

2) [adjective] bent; bowed; having top portion turned downward.

3) [adjective] interested (in); engrossed, immersed (in).

4) [adjective] not protesting; not adamant or arrogant; humble.

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Pravaṇa (ಪ್ರವಣ):—

1) [noun] a man who is deeply interested, absorbed in.

2) [noun] the fact or state of being much interested or engrossed; absorption.

3) [noun] a humble, gentle man.

4) [noun] a famous, renowned man.

5) [noun] the place where two roads intersect.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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