Pratishyaya, Pratiśyāya, Pratīśyāya: 5 definitions

Introduction

Pratishyaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pratiśyāya and Pratīśyāya can be transliterated into English as Pratisyaya or Pratishyaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratishyaya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Pratiśyāya (प्रतिश्याय) refers to “catarrh” (inflammation of the mucous membranes) and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., pratiśyāya) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratishyaya in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pratīśyāya (प्रतीश्याय) refers to “rhinitis” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pratīśyāya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratishyaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiśyāya (प्रतिश्याय).—A catarrh or cold; नारीप्रसङ्गः शिरसोऽभितापो धूमो रजः शीतमतिप्रतापः । संधारणं मूत्र- पुरीषयोश्च सद्यः प्रतिश्यायनिदानमुक्तम् (nārīprasaṅgaḥ śiraso'bhitāpo dhūmo rajaḥ śītamatipratāpaḥ | saṃdhāraṇaṃ mūtra- purīṣayośca sadyaḥ pratiśyāyanidānamuktam) || Suśr.

Derivable forms: pratiśyāyaḥ (प्रतिश्यायः).

See also (synonyms): pratiśyā, pratiśyāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiśyāya (प्रतिश्याय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Catarrh. E. prati before, śyai to go, to drop, aff. ac .

--- OR ---

Pratisyāya (प्रतिस्याय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Catarrh. E. prati before, śyai to drop, aff. ac; see pratiśyāya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiśyāya (प्रतिश्याय):—[=prati-śyāya] [from prati-śīta] m. a cold, catarrh, [Suśruta; Caraka]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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