Pratisurya, Pratisūrya, Prati-surya: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Pratisurya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pratisurya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य) means “to the opposite of the sun”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the halo should be to the north of the sun [i.e., pratisūrya] there will be rain; if to the south there will be wind; if on both sides there will be fear from floods; if above the sun (towards the meridian) then the king, if below it (towards the horizon), then his subjects, will perish. If the sun (āditya) should be of blood colour when in mid-heaven, or if he should appear red by a dust storm the reigning prince will die”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratisurya in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य) is the name of a Vidyādhara, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] A Vidyādhara, Pratisūrya, saw Añjanasundarī crying, approached, and in a gentle voice asked her the cause of her sorrow. Then her friend, weeping, told in detail the reason for Añjanā’s grief from the time of the marriage up to the birth of her son. Weeping, he said at once: ‘I am the lord of Hanupura, son of Sundarīmālā, younger brother of Citrabha, brother of your mother Mānasavegā, child. Thank heaven! I have seen you while you are still living. Be comforted for the future’”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratisurya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य).—m S The solar disk. 2 Applied fig. as aparasūrya to a man conspicuous for learning or endowments.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratisurya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य).—

1) a mock-sun.

2) a lizard, chameleon; 'कृकलासस्तु सरटः प्रतिसूर्यः शयानकः (kṛkalāsastu saraṭaḥ pratisūryaḥ śayānakaḥ) |' Hemchandra; तृष्यद्भिः प्रतिसूर्यकैरजगरस्वेदद्रवः पीयते (tṛṣyadbhiḥ pratisūryakairajagarasvedadravaḥ pīyate) Uttararāmacarita 2.16.

Derivable forms: pratisūryaḥ (प्रतिसूर्यः).

Pratisūrya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and sūrya (सूर्य). See also (synonyms): pratisūryaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य) or Pratisūryya.—m.

(-ryaḥ) A lizard, a chameleon. n. adv.

(-ryaṃ) 1. Opposite to the sun. 2. A mock sun. E. prati before, sūrya the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य).—[prati-sūrya], and pratisūryaka prati-sūrya + ka, m. 1. A mock sun, [Varāhamihira's Bṛhajjātaka.] S. 3, 37; 36, 1. 2. A lizard, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 43, 7 (ka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य):—[=prati-sūrya] (or yaka) m. a mock sun, parhelion, [Varāha-mihira]

2) [v.s. ...] (or yaka) a kind of lizard, a chameleon (which lies or basks in the sun), [Uttararāma-carita; Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य):—[prati-sūrya] (ryyaḥ) 1. m. A lizard, a chameleon. adv. Opposite the sun.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratisūrya (प्रतिसूर्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍisūra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratisurya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratisurya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratisūrya (ಪ್ರತಿಸೂರ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] any of the large and very bright object resembling the sun.

2) [noun] a kind of lizard, (Lacerta cristata / Chamaeles vulgaris) belonging to the Chamaeleontidae family, with an angular head, prehensile tail, eyes that move independently of each other, the ability to change skin colour rapidly, and a long, agile tongue for catching prey; a chameleon.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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