Utsarga: 9 definitions

Introduction

Utsarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—A son of Mitra and Revatī*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—A general rule as contrasted with a special rule which is called अपवाद (apavāda) or exception; cf. उत्सर्गापवादयो-रपवादो बलीयान् (utsargāpavādayo-rapavādo balīyān) Hema. Pari.56; प्रकल्प्य वापवादविषयं तत उत्सर्गोभिनिविशते (prakalpya vāpavādaviṣayaṃ tata utsargobhiniviśate) Par.Śek. Pari.63, Sīra. Pari.97; cf. also उत्सर्ग-समानदेशा अपवादा (utsarga-samānadeśā apavādā);. For the बाध्यबाधकभाव (bādhyabādhakabhāva) relation between उत्सर्ग (utsarga) and अपवाद (apavāda) and its details see Nāgeśa's Paribhāṣenduśekhara on Paribhāṣās 57 to 65: cf. also न्यायैर्मिश्रान् अपवादान्प्रतीयात् (nyāyairmiśrān apavādānpratīyāt) explained by the commentator as न्याया उत्सर्गा महाविषया विधयः अपवादा अल्प-विषया विधयः । तान् उत्सर्गेण भिश्रानेकीकृतान् जानीयात् । अपवादविषयं मुक्त्वा उत्सर्गाः प्रवर्तन्ते इत्यर्थः (nyāyā utsargā mahāviṣayā vidhayaḥ apavādā alpa-viṣayā vidhayaḥ | tān utsargeṇa bhiśrānekīkṛtān jānīyāt | apavādaviṣayaṃ muktvā utsargāḥ pravartante ityarthaḥ) R.Pr.I.23.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—m (S) Abandonment, resignation, renunciation, giving up. It forms useful compounds; as malōtsarga, mūtrōtsarga, vṛkṣōtsarga, kūpōtsarga, abhimānōtsarga, lōbhōtsarga. 2 A rule, a precept, a law. Ex. māṇasāsa ēkā hātāsa pāñca bōṭēṃ asāvīṃ hā u0 3 Giving up or making over (of a temple, well, dharmshala &c.) to the idol; dedication or consecration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—m Abandonment, resignation, giving up. A rule. Dedication or consecration.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—1 Laying or leaving a side, abandoning, suspension; श्रीलक्षणोत्सर्गविनीतवेवाः (śrīlakṣaṇotsargavinītavevāḥ) Ku.7.45.

2) Pouring out, dropping down, emission; तोयोत्सर्गद्रुततरगतिः (toyotsargadrutataragatiḥ) Me.19, 39; so शुक्र° (śukra°).

3) A gift, donation, giving away; (dhanasya) उत्सर्गेण शुध्यन्ति (utsargeṇa śudhyanti) Ms.11.193.

4) Spending; अर्थ° (artha°) Mu.3.

5) Loosening, letting loose; as in वृषोत्सर्गः (vṛṣotsargaḥ)

6) An oblation, libation.

7) Excretion, voiding by stool &c.; पुरीष°, मलमूत्र° (purīṣa°, malamūtra°).

8) Completion (as of study or a vow); cf. उत्सृष्टा वै वेदाः (utsṛṣṭā vai vedāḥ) (opp. upākṛtā vai vedāḥ).

9) A general rule or precept (opp. apavāda a particular rule or exception); अपवादैरिवो- त्सर्गाः कृतव्यावृत्तयः परैः (apavādairivo- tsargāḥ kṛtavyāvṛttayaḥ paraiḥ) Ku.2.27, अपवाद इवोत्सर्गं व्यावर्तयितु- मीश्वरः (apavāda ivotsargaṃ vyāvartayitu- mīśvaraḥ) R.15.7.

1) Offering what is promised (to gods, Brāhmaṇas &c.) with due ceremonies.

11) The anus; मित्रमुत्सर्गे (mitramutsarge) Ms.12.121.

12) A heap, mass; अन्नस्य सुबहून् राजन्नुत्सर्गान्पर्वतोपमान् (annasya subahūn rājannutsargānparvatopamān) Mb.14.85.38.

13) Dedication, securing the services (of priests). उत्सर्गे तु प्रधानत्वात् (utsarge tu pradhānatvāt) etc. MS.3.7.19. (where śabara paraphrases utsarga by parikraya).

Derivable forms: utsargaḥ (उत्सर्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. Abandoning, quitting. 2. Resigning, retiring from. 3. Giving, donation. 4. Any precept or rule. 5. Presentation of any thing promised to a god or Brahman, with suitable ceremonies. 6. A particular ceremony prepartory to a course of the Vedas. 7. Dejection, excretion, voiding by stool, &c. E. ut before sṛj to quit, to leave, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—[masculine] pouring forth, emission, excretion; laying aside, taking off, loosening, delivering, abandoning, giving up, closing, completion ([especially] of the study of the Veda); oblation, present.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Utsarga (उत्सर्ग):—[=ut-sarga] a etc. See [column]3.

2) [=ut-sarga] [from ut-sṛj] b m. pouring out, pouring forth, emission, dejection, excretion, voiding by stool etc., [Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Meghadūta; Suśruta] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Excretion (personified as a son of Mitra and Revatī), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 18, 5]

4) [v.s. ...] laying aside, throwing or casting away, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Kumāra-sambhava]

5) [v.s. ...] loosening, setting free, delivering (Name of the verses, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xiii, 47-51]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] abandoning, resigning, quitting, retiring from, leaving off

7) [v.s. ...] suspending

8) [v.s. ...] end, close, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] and, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] handing over, delivering

10) [v.s. ...] granting, gift, donation, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] oblation, libation

12) [v.s. ...] presentation (of anything promised to a god or Brāhman with suitable ceremonies)

13) [v.s. ...] a particular ceremony on suspending repetition of the Veda, [Manu-smṛti iv, 97; 119; Yājñavalkya] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] causation, causing, [Jaimini iii, 7, 19]

15) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) any general rule or precept (opposed to apa-vāda, q.v.), [Kumāra-sambhava; Kāśikā-vṛtti; Siddhānta-kaumudī etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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