Utsarga: 21 definitions


Utsarga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Utsarg.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—A son of Mitra and Revatī*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—A general rule as contrasted with a special rule which is called अपवाद (apavāda) or exception; cf. उत्सर्गापवादयो-रपवादो बलीयान् (utsargāpavādayo-rapavādo balīyān) Hema. Pari.56; प्रकल्प्य वापवादविषयं तत उत्सर्गोभिनिविशते (prakalpya vāpavādaviṣayaṃ tata utsargobhiniviśate) Par.Śek. Pari.63, Sīra. Pari.97; cf. also उत्सर्ग-समानदेशा अपवादा (utsarga-samānadeśā apavādā);. For the बाध्यबाधकभाव (bādhyabādhakabhāva) relation between उत्सर्ग (utsarga) and अपवाद (apavāda) and its details see Nāgeśa's Paribhāṣenduśekhara on Paribhāṣās 57 to 65: cf. also न्यायैर्मिश्रान् अपवादान्प्रतीयात् (nyāyairmiśrān apavādānpratīyāt) explained by the commentator as न्याया उत्सर्गा महाविषया विधयः अपवादा अल्प-विषया विधयः । तान् उत्सर्गेण भिश्रानेकीकृतान् जानीयात् । अपवादविषयं मुक्त्वा उत्सर्गाः प्रवर्तन्ते इत्यर्थः (nyāyā utsargā mahāviṣayā vidhayaḥ apavādā alpa-viṣayā vidhayaḥ | tān utsargeṇa bhiśrānekīkṛtān jānīyāt | apavādaviṣayaṃ muktvā utsargāḥ pravartante ityarthaḥ) R.Pr.I.23.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) or Utsargavidhi refers to “that which supersedes (the general rule)”, according to Tantrālokaviveka commentary on the Tantrāloka verses 4.230ab-232ab.—Accordingly, “[...] So, if you properly consider the procedure of invalidation, then (you will realize that) no injunction whatever loses reality. To explain: the rule that is the exception—by nature specific because it is (generally) void of any occasion (for application)—supersedes the general rule (utsarga-vidhi), which, being one that always has met with its occasion (for application), is by nature generally applicable. This is what those who know language say:—[‘Moreover, purity and impurity, which are generally enjoined, are simply superseded when a man knows reality. This is how it has been explained here (in the Mālinīvijayottara)’]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Literary estimate of mudraraksasa

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) refers to “passing of urine” which should be avoided on a stage (where a dramatic play is performed).—A Nāṭaka should contain pañcasandhis which indicate five successive stages of the drama. This criterion also is present in the Mudrārākṣasa. [...] In the Sāhityadarpaṇa, Viśvanātha gives a list of certain actions which should not be presented on the stage. These are [e.g., passing of urine (utsarga)] [...].

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) refers to “renounce”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, the thirty-two dharmas are included in sixty-four dharmas. What are those sixty-four? [...] (13) harmlessness is included in love and having faith in the maturation of action; (14) contentment with one’s own possessions is included in little desire and knowing satisfaction; (15) self-control is included in no agitation and no dispute; (16) calmness is included in renounce (utsarga) and eliminating the concept of mine;  [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) refers to the “sending forth (of rain)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rainmaking, weather control and prescriptions for the use of specially empowered pesticides to eliminate crop damage.—The Vajratuṇḍa-samayakalparāja consists of six chapters, e.g., (2) vaiśramaṇabhavanapraveśanāgasamaya nāma varṣaṇa-m-utsarga—The Sending forth of Rain, called Entry into the Residence of Vaiśramaṇa Nāga Vow.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) or Utsargasamiti (also known as Pratiṣṭhāpana) refers to “(the care) in regard to sanitation”, and represents one of the five Samiti (“five kinds of carefulness”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the gift of supporting dharma (dharmopagrahadāna) is five-fold: purity of giver, receiver, gift, time, and thought. [... ] That gift would have purity of receiver, whose receiver is such a man [who] observes the five kinds of carefulness (samiti) [viz., utsarga-samiti], [...]”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) or Kāyotsarga refers to “abandonment (of the body)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “On a flat piece of wood or stone, on the ground or on sandy soil, the wise [person] should adopt a stable posture for the accomplishment of absorption. Thus, sitting cross-legged, sitting half cross-legged, thunderbolt, hero posture and the previously mentioned pleasant and lotus [postures] as well as abandonment of the body (kāya-utsarga) is highly thought of. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—m (S) Abandonment, resignation, renunciation, giving up. It forms useful compounds; as malōtsarga, mūtrōtsarga, vṛkṣōtsarga, kūpōtsarga, abhimānōtsarga, lōbhōtsarga. 2 A rule, a precept, a law. Ex. māṇasāsa ēkā hātāsa pāñca bōṭēṃ asāvīṃ hā u0 3 Giving up or making over (of a temple, well, dharmshala &c.) to the idol; dedication or consecration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—m Abandonment, resignation, giving up. A rule. Dedication or consecration.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—1 Laying or leaving a side, abandoning, suspension; श्रीलक्षणोत्सर्गविनीतवेवाः (śrīlakṣaṇotsargavinītavevāḥ) Kumārasambhava 7.45.

2) Pouring out, dropping down, emission; तोयोत्सर्गद्रुततरगतिः (toyotsargadrutataragatiḥ) Meghadūta 19, 39; so शुक्र° (śukra°).

3) A gift, donation, giving away; (dhanasya) उत्सर्गेण शुध्यन्ति (utsargeṇa śudhyanti) Manusmṛti 11.193.

4) Spending; अर्थ° (artha°) Mu.3.

5) Loosening, letting loose; as in वृषोत्सर्गः (vṛṣotsargaḥ)

6) An oblation, libation.

7) Excretion, voiding by stool &c.; पुरीष°, मलमूत्र° (purīṣa°, malamūtra°).

8) Completion (as of study or a vow); cf. उत्सृष्टा वै वेदाः (utsṛṣṭā vai vedāḥ) (opp. upākṛtā vai vedāḥ).

9) A general rule or precept (opp. apavāda a particular rule or exception); अपवादैरिवो- त्सर्गाः कृतव्यावृत्तयः परैः (apavādairivo- tsargāḥ kṛtavyāvṛttayaḥ paraiḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.27, अपवाद इवोत्सर्गं व्यावर्तयितु- मीश्वरः (apavāda ivotsargaṃ vyāvartayitu- mīśvaraḥ) R.15.7.

1) Offering what is promised (to gods, Brāhmaṇas &c.) with due ceremonies.

11) The anus; मित्रमुत्सर्गे (mitramutsarge) Manusmṛti 12.121.

12) A heap, mass; अन्नस्य सुबहून् राजन्नुत्सर्गान्पर्वतोपमान् (annasya subahūn rājannutsargānparvatopamān) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 14.85.38.

13) Dedication, securing the services (of priests). उत्सर्गे तु प्रधानत्वात् (utsarge tu pradhānatvāt) etc. MS.3.7.19. (where śabara paraphrases utsarga by parikraya).

Derivable forms: utsargaḥ (उत्सर्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. Abandoning, quitting. 2. Resigning, retiring from. 3. Giving, donation. 4. Any precept or rule. 5. Presentation of any thing promised to a god or Brahman, with suitable ceremonies. 6. A particular ceremony prepartory to a course of the Vedas. 7. Dejection, excretion, voiding by stool, &c. E. ut before sṛj to quit, to leave, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—i. e. ud-sṛj + a, m. 1. Emission, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 19. 2. Evacuation, [Pañcatantra] 34, 22; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 21. 3. Abandoning, [Nala] 10, 12; relinquishing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 193 (194); dismission, Chr. 9, 37. 4. Donation, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 1, 8. 5. The name of a ceremony, when suspending the reading of the Veda, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 119. 6. Setting at liberty. 7. A general rule, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग).—[masculine] pouring forth, emission, excretion; laying aside, taking off, loosening, delivering, abandoning, giving up, closing, completion ([especially] of the study of the Veda); oblation, present.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Utsarga (उत्सर्ग):—[=ut-sarga] a etc. See [column]3.

2) [=ut-sarga] [from ut-sṛj] b m. pouring out, pouring forth, emission, dejection, excretion, voiding by stool etc., [Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Meghadūta; Suśruta] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Excretion (personified as a son of Mitra and Revatī), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 18, 5]

4) [v.s. ...] laying aside, throwing or casting away, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Kumāra-sambhava]

5) [v.s. ...] loosening, setting free, delivering (Name of the verses, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xiii, 47-51]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] abandoning, resigning, quitting, retiring from, leaving off

7) [v.s. ...] suspending

8) [v.s. ...] end, close, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] and, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] handing over, delivering

10) [v.s. ...] granting, gift, donation, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] oblation, libation

12) [v.s. ...] presentation (of anything promised to a god or Brāhman with suitable ceremonies)

13) [v.s. ...] a particular ceremony on suspending repetition of the Veda, [Manu-smṛti iv, 97; 119; Yājñavalkya] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] causation, causing, [Jaimini iii, 7, 19]

15) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) any general rule or precept (opposed to apa-vāda, q.v.), [Kumāra-sambhava; Kāśikā-vṛtti; Siddhānta-kaumudī etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग):—[utsa+rga] (rgaḥ) 1. m. Abandoning; giving; a precept.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ussagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Utsarga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Utsarga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Utsarga (उत्सर्ग) [Also spelled utsarg]:—(nm) sacrifice, abandonment.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Utsarga (ಉತ್ಸರ್ಗ):—

1) [noun] a laying or leaving aside; abandoning; suspension.

2) [noun] a giving of a gift; donation.

3) [noun] a pouring out; a dropping out; emission.

4) [noun] waste matter expelled from the bowels or the urinary bladder; the faeces or urine.

5) [noun] an oblation; libation.

6) [noun] completion or accomplishment (as of a study or vow).

7) [noun] a general rule or precept (as opp. to a particular one or an exception).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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