Prasriti, Prasṛti: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Prasriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Prasṛti can be transliterated into English as Prasrti or Prasriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prasriti in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—One of the four sons of Svārociṣa Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 7.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Prasriti in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Prasṛti (प्रसृति) (in cakṣuḥprasṛti) refers to “palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 15.82: “looking at him eagerly with their large eyes”. Cf. 20.11, 12.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Prasṛti (प्रसृति) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 prasṛti equals 96mg; 2 prasṛtis = 1 kuḍava = 192g), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning prasṛti] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, prasṛti indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Prasṛti (प्रसृति):—A unit of Measurement; Two palas combindly will make one prasrt = 96g of metric units

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Prasṛti.—(EI 30), a measure; a handful. Note: prasṛti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prasṛti (प्रसृति).—f S The palm of the hand hollowed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—f.

1) Advance, progress.

2) Flowing.

3) The plam of the hand stretched out and hollowed; निर्माय चक्षुःप्रसृतिचुलुकितम् (nirmāya cakṣuḥprasṛticulukitam) N.15.82; 'looking at him eagerly with their large eyes'; cf. 2.11-12.

4) A handful (considered as a measure equal to two palas.); परिक्षीणः कश्चित् स्पृहयति यवानां प्रसृतये (parikṣīṇaḥ kaścit spṛhayati yavānāṃ prasṛtaye) Bh.2.45, Y.2.112; पृथुकप्रसृतिं राजन्न प्रायच्छदवाङ्मुखः (pṛthukaprasṛtiṃ rājanna prāyacchadavāṅmukhaḥ) Bhāg.1.81.5.

5) Swiftness, haste; वर्धितानि प्रसृत्या वै विनताकुलकर्तृभिः (vardhitāni prasṛtyā vai vinatākulakartṛbhiḥ) Mb.5.11.3.

Derivable forms: prasṛtiḥ (प्रसृतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. The palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed. 2. A handful considered as a measure. 3. Progress, advance. E. pra before, sṛ to go, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—[pra-sṛ + ti], f. 1. The palm of the hand hollowed. 2. A handful, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—[feminine] streaming, flowing, also = [preceding] [masculine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prasṛti (प्रसृति):—[=pra-sṛti] [from pra-sṛta > pra-sṛ] f. (pra-). streaming, flowing, [Śakuntalā]

2) [v.s. ...] (successful) progress, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

3) [v.s. ...] extension, diffusion, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] swiftness, haste, [Nīlakaṇṭha]

5) [v.s. ...] the palm of the hollowed hand, [Kauśika-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] a handful as measure (= 2 Palas), [Yājñavalkya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasṛti (प्रसृति):—[pra-sṛti] (tiḥ) 2. f. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prasṛti (प्रसृति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pasai, Pasūi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prasriti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prasṛti (ಪ್ರಸೃತಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಪ್ರಸೃತ [prasrita]2 - 2.

2) [noun] a going forward or ahead; progress.

3) [noun] a handful as a measure.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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