Prasriti, Prasṛti: 16 definitions
Prasriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Prasṛti can be transliterated into English as Prasrti or Prasriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—One of the four sons of Svārociṣa Manu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 7.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Prasṛti (प्रसृति) (in cakṣuḥprasṛti) refers to “palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 15.82: “looking at him eagerly with their large eyes”. Cf. 20.11, 12.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Prasṛti (प्रसृति) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 prasṛti equals 96mg; 2 prasṛtis = 1 kuḍava = 192g), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning prasṛti] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
A relative overview of weight-units is found below, prasṛti indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.
1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.
Prasṛti (प्रसृति):—A unit of Measurement; Two palas combindly will make one prasrt = 96g of metric units
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
India history and geography
Prasṛti.—(EI 30), a measure; a handful. Note: prasṛti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
prasṛti (प्रसृति).—f S The palm of the hand hollowed.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Advance, progress.
3) The plam of the hand stretched out and hollowed; निर्माय चक्षुःप्रसृतिचुलुकितम् (nirmāya cakṣuḥprasṛticulukitam) N.15.82; 'looking at him eagerly with their large eyes'; cf. 2.11-12.
4) A handful (considered as a measure equal to two palas.); परिक्षीणः कश्चित् स्पृहयति यवानां प्रसृतये (parikṣīṇaḥ kaścit spṛhayati yavānāṃ prasṛtaye) Bhartṛhari 2.45, Y.2.112; पृथुकप्रसृतिं राजन्न प्रायच्छदवाङ्मुखः (pṛthukaprasṛtiṃ rājanna prāyacchadavāṅmukhaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.81.5.
5) Swiftness, haste; वर्धितानि प्रसृत्या वै विनताकुलकर्तृभिः (vardhitāni prasṛtyā vai vinatākulakartṛbhiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.11.3.
Derivable forms: prasṛtiḥ (प्रसृतिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tiḥ) 1. The palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed. 2. A handful considered as a measure. 3. Progress, advance. E. pra before, sṛ to go, aff. ktin .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—[pra-sṛ + ti], f. 1. The palm of the hand hollowed. 2. A handful, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 57.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Prasṛti (प्रसृति).—[feminine] streaming, flowing, also = [preceding] [masculine]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Prasṛti (प्रसृति):—[=pra-sṛti] [from pra-sṛta > pra-sṛ] f. (pra-). streaming, flowing, [Śakuntalā]
2) [v.s. ...] (successful) progress, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]
3) [v.s. ...] extension, diffusion, [Mahābhārata]
4) [v.s. ...] swiftness, haste, [Nīlakaṇṭha]
5) [v.s. ...] the palm of the hollowed hand, [Kauśika-sūtra]
6) [v.s. ...] a handful as measure (= 2 Palas), [Yājñavalkya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Prasṛti (प्रसृति):—[pra-sṛti] (tiḥ) 2. f. Idem.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Prasṛti (प्रसृति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pasai, Pasūi.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) [noun] = ಪ್ರಸೃತ [prasrita]2 - 2.
2) [noun] a going forward or ahead; progress.
3) [noun] a handful as a measure.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Prasritimpaca, Prasritiyavaka.
Ends with: Cakshuhprasriti, Chakshuhprasriti, Goni-prasriti.
Full-text (+15): Prasritimpaca, Prasritiyavaka, Nivaraprasritimpaca, Pasai, Pasui, Cakshuhprasriti, Goni-prasriti, Pala, Yavaka, Goni, Tula, Bhara, Kudava, Kalanc, Ratti, Manika, Khari, Shukti, Shurpa, Kalasha.
Search found 6 books and stories containing Prasriti, Prasṛti, Prasrti, Pra-sriti, Pra-sṛti, Pra-srti; (plurals include: Prasritis, Prasṛtis, Prasrtis, sritis, sṛtis, srtis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 5.134 < [Section XIII - Purification of Substances]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Economics (4): Measures, Weights and Coinage < [Chapter 3 - Social Aspects]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXXVII - Different names of the Ayurvedic Drugs < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 13 - Description of good conduct (sadācāra) < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)