Prasrita, Prasṛta, Prashrita, Praśrita: 18 definitions


Prasrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Prasṛta and Praśrita can be transliterated into English as Prasrta or Prasrita or Prashrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Prasrat.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Prasṛta (प्रसृत) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘80 grams’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Prasṛta unit corresponds to 2 Pala units (a single Pala unit equals 40 gram). You need 2 Prasṛta units to make a single Kuḍava unit (1 Kuḍava equals 160 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prasṛta (प्रसृत, “expanding”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to follow the corresponding movements of the eyeballs (tārā). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Natya Shastra

Prasṛta (प्रसृत, “expanding”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa);—Instructions: separating the eyelids widely. Uses: in objects causing wonder (vismaya), joy (hāsa), and heroism (vīra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prasrita in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—A demon. This demon was killed by Garuḍa. (Śloka 12, Chapter 105, Udyoga Parva).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prasṛta (प्रसृत) refers to the “spreading” (of spring season), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.18 (“Description of the perturbation caused by Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “On seeing the untimely display of spring, Śiva the lord, who had assumed a physical body indulging in divine sports, thought it surprising. But He, the chief of the self-controlled and the remover of man’s misery continued his severe penance. When spring spread everywhere [i.e., prasṛtavasante prasṛte tatra], Kāma accompanied by Rati stood on his left side, with the arrow of mango blossom taken out and kept in readiness. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

1) Prasṛtā (प्रसृता) is the name of an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Prasṛtā has 35 mātrās in each of their two lines, whose lines contain in order 1 dvimātra, 1 trimātra, 1 pañcamātra, 5 caturmātras, and 1 pañcamātra. Of the 5 caturmātras, the 2nd and the 4th must be of the Narendra (i.e., ISI).

2) Prasṛtā (प्रसृता) also refers to a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards).—Prasṛtā has 35 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 5, 5, 4, 4, 4, 4 and 5 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prasṛta (प्रसृत) refers to “having come forth”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “I think, that doctrine, whose progress is unimpeded, has arisen [com.prasṛta—‘has come forth’] for the benefit of the world of living souls in the guise of world-protectors. If, because of the power of the doctrine, it is not received by those whose minds are boundless, then there is not a cause for enjoyment and liberation in the three worlds”.

Synonyms: Vijṛmbhita.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prasṛta (प्रसृत).—p S Diffused, dispersed, scattered, spread.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praśrita (प्रश्रित).—a. Civil, polite, courteous, humble, well-behaved; प्रोवाच चामितमतिः प्रश्रितं विनयान्वितः (provāca cāmitamatiḥ praśritaṃ vinayānvitaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1. 26.15; Bhāgavata 1.5.29.

See also (synonyms): praśrayin.

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Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—p. p.

1) Gone forward.

2) Stretched out, extended.

3) Spread, diffused.

4) Long, lengthened.

5) Engaged in, attached to; अष्टकापितृदेवत्यमित्ययं प्रसृतो जनः (aṣṭakāpitṛdevatyamityayaṃ prasṛto janaḥ). Rām.2.18.14.

6) Swift, or quick.

7) Manifested, displayed; न तेजस्तेजस्वी प्रसृतमपरेषां विषहते (na tejastejasvī prasṛtamapareṣāṃ viṣahate) Uttararāmacarita 6.14.

8) Modest, humble.

9) Devoted. (niṣṭhāvat); त्यागिनः प्रसृतस्येह नोच्छित्तिर्विद्यते क्वचित् (tyāginaḥ prasṛtasyeha nocchittirvidyate kvacit) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.12.19.

1) Knowing subtle meaning (sūkṣmārthagāmin); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.118.14.

11) = पक्व (pakva); अतिथिः प्रसृताग्रभुक् (atithiḥ prasṛtāgrabhuk) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.35.1.

--taḥ The palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed.

-taḥ, -tam A measure equal to two palas.

-tam Grass, plants etc; agriculture.

-tā The leg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praśrita (प्रश्रित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Modest, humble, well-behaved. E. pra before, śri to serve, aff. kta .

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Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Dispersed, extended, spread abroad. 2. Stretched. 3. Long, lengthened. 4. Modest, humble. 5. Swift, quick. 6. Gone. 7. Attached to, engaged in, occupied with. 8. Appointed. m.

(-taḥ) The palm of the hand, hollowed as if to hold liquids. f.

(-tā) The leg. mn.

(-taḥ-taṃ) A measure of two Palas. E. pra before, sṛ to go, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praśrita (प्रश्रित).—[adjective] modest, humble, [neuter] [adverb]; secret mysterious.

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Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—[adjective] streamed or broken forth, spread, extensive, mighty strong, widely spread, common, usual; run away, fled.

— [masculine] the stretched out and hollowed hand (also as a measure.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praśrita (प्रश्रित):—[=pra-śrita] [from pra-śri] mfn. bending forward deferentially, humble, modest, courteous, well-behaved (am ind. humbly, deferentially), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (often [wrong reading] sṛta)

2) [v.s. ...] hidden, obscure (as a meaning), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Ānaka-dundubhi and Śānti-deva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) Prasṛta (प्रसृत):—[=pra-sṛta] [from pra-sṛ] mfn. come forth, issued from ([ablative] or [compound]), [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] displaced (as the humours of the body), [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] resounding (as tones), [Kathāsaritsāgara] (n. [impersonal or used impersonally] with [instrumental case] ‘a sound rose from’ [ib.])

7) [v.s. ...] held or stretched out, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Bhartṛhari; Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] wide-spreading, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad; Bhagavad-gītā]

9) [v.s. ...] extending over or to ([locative case]), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) [v.s. ...] intent upon, devoted to ([compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Vajracchedikā]

11) [v.s. ...] prevailing, ordinary, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kāṭhaka]

12) [v.s. ...] intense, mighty, strong, [Uttararāma-carita; Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

13) [v.s. ...] set out, departed, fled, [Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

14) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for pra-śrita, humble, modest, quiet, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] m. the palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed as if to hold liquids, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

16) [v.s. ...] m. (also n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a handful (as a measure = 2 Palas), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (also -mātra n.), [???; Suśruta]

17) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a class of deities under the 6th Manu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

18) Prasṛtā (प्रसृता):—[=pra-sṛtā] [from pra-sṛta > pra-sṛ] f. the leg, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) Prasṛta (प्रसृत):—[=pra-sṛta] [from pra-sṛ] n. what has sprung up or sprouted, grass, plants, vegetables, [Mahābhārata; Pañcarātra]

20) [v.s. ...] agriculture ([probably] [wrong reading] for pra-mṛta), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praśrita (प्रश्रित):—[pra-śrita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Modest, humble.

2) [v.s. ...] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Flowing.

3) Prasṛta (प्रसृत):—[pra-sṛta] (taṃ) 1. n. The palm of the hand hollowed. f. () The leg. n. A measure. p. Gone out or forth; dispersed; stretched out; modest; swift; engaged in.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prasṛta (प्रसृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Payalla, Pasaya, Pasaria, Pasia, Pasūa, Mahamahia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prasrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prasrita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prasṛta (प्रसृत) [Also spelled prasrat]:—(a) expanded, extended; spread; propagated.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Praśrita (ಪ್ರಶ್ರಿತ):—

1) [noun] = ಪ್ರಶ್ರಯ [prashraya].

2) [noun] a humble, modest man.

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Prasṛta (ಪ್ರಸೃತ):—

1) [adjective] gone forward or ahead.

2) [adjective] scattered, spread or extended over a wide area.

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Prasṛta (ಪ್ರಸೃತ):—

1) [noun] he who speaks well.

2) [noun] an enthusiastic, zealous man.

3) [noun] both hands held together, with palms slightly hollowed, turned upward and fingers stretched close to each other.

4) [noun] a handful as a measure.

5) [noun] (dance.) an exhaling audibly.

6) [noun] (dance.) an opening of the eye-lids wide.

7) [noun] (dance.) a stretching of legs without moving the toes.

8) [noun] (dance.) a spreading out of fingers.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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