Prasrita, Prasṛta, Prashrita, Praśrita: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prasrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Prasṛta and Praśrita can be transliterated into English as Prasrta or Prasrita or Prashrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Prasṛta (प्रसृत) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘80 grams’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Prasṛta unit corresponds to 2 Pala units (a single Pala unit equals 40 gram). You need 2 Prasṛta units to make a single Kuḍava unit (1 Kuḍava equals 160 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of prasrita or prasrta in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prasṛta (प्रसृत, “expanding”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to follow the corresponding movements of the eyeballs (tārā). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Prasṛta (प्रसृत, “expanding”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa);—Instructions: separating the eyelids widely. Uses: in objects causing wonder (vismaya), joy (hāsa), and heroism (vīra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of prasrita or prasrta in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prasrita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—A demon. This demon was killed by Garuḍa. (Śloka 12, Chapter 105, Udyoga Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of prasrita or prasrta in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

1) Prasṛtā (प्रसृता) is the name of an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Prasṛtā has 35 mātrās in each of their two lines, whose lines contain in order 1 dvimātra, 1 trimātra, 1 pañcamātra, 5 caturmātras, and 1 pañcamātra. Of the 5 caturmātras, the 2nd and the 4th must be of the Narendra (i.e., ISI).

2) Prasṛtā (प्रसृता) also refers to a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards).—Prasṛtā has 35 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 5, 5, 4, 4, 4, 4 and 5 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Discover the meaning of prasrita or prasrta in the context of Chandas from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prasṛta (प्रसृत).—p S Diffused, dispersed, scattered, spread.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of prasrita or prasrta in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praśrita (प्रश्रित).—a. Civil, polite, courteous, humble, well-behaved; प्रोवाच चामितमतिः प्रश्रितं विनयान्वितः (provāca cāmitamatiḥ praśritaṃ vinayānvitaḥ) Mb.1. 26.15; Bhāg.1.5.29.

See also (synonyms): praśrayin.

--- OR ---

Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—p. p.

1) Gone forward.

2) Stretched out, extended.

3) Spread, diffused.

4) Long, lengthened.

5) Engaged in, attached to; अष्टकापितृदेवत्यमित्ययं प्रसृतो जनः (aṣṭakāpitṛdevatyamityayaṃ prasṛto janaḥ). Rām.2.18.14.

6) Swift, or quick.

7) Manifested, displayed; न तेजस्तेजस्वी प्रसृतमपरेषां विषहते (na tejastejasvī prasṛtamapareṣāṃ viṣahate) U.6.14.

8) Modest, humble.

9) Devoted. (niṣṭhāvat); त्यागिनः प्रसृतस्येह नोच्छित्तिर्विद्यते क्वचित् (tyāginaḥ prasṛtasyeha nocchittirvidyate kvacit) Mb.12.12.19.

1) Knowing subtle meaning (sūkṣmārthagāmin); Mb.12.118.14.

11) = पक्व (pakva); अतिथिः प्रसृताग्रभुक् (atithiḥ prasṛtāgrabhuk) Mb.13.35.1.

--taḥ The palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed.

-taḥ, -tam A measure equal to two palas.

-tam Grass, plants etc; agriculture.

-tā The leg.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praśrita (प्रश्रित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Modest, humble, well-behaved. E. pra before, śri to serve, aff. kta .

--- OR ---

Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Dispersed, extended, spread abroad. 2. Stretched. 3. Long, lengthened. 4. Modest, humble. 5. Swift, quick. 6. Gone. 7. Attached to, engaged in, occupied with. 8. Appointed. m.

(-taḥ) The palm of the hand, hollowed as if to hold liquids. f.

(-tā) The leg. mn.

(-taḥ-taṃ) A measure of two Palas. E. pra before, sṛ to go, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praśrita (प्रश्रित).—[adjective] modest, humble, [neuter] [adverb]; secret mysterious.

--- OR ---

Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—[adjective] streamed or broken forth, spread, extensive, mighty strong, widely spread, common, usual; run away, fled.

— [masculine] the stretched out and hollowed hand (also as a measure.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praśrita (प्रश्रित):—[=pra-śrita] [from pra-śri] mfn. bending forward deferentially, humble, modest, courteous, well-behaved (am ind. humbly, deferentially), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (often [wrong reading] sṛta)

2) [v.s. ...] hidden, obscure (as a meaning), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Ānaka-dundubhi and Śānti-deva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) Prasṛta (प्रसृत):—[=pra-sṛta] [from pra-sṛ] mfn. come forth, issued from ([ablative] or [compound]), [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] displaced (as the humours of the body), [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] resounding (as tones), [Kathāsaritsāgara] (n. [impersonal or used impersonally] with [instrumental case] ‘a sound rose from’ [ib.])

7) [v.s. ...] held or stretched out, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Bhartṛhari; Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] wide-spreading, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad; Bhagavad-gītā]

9) [v.s. ...] extending over or to ([locative case]), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) [v.s. ...] intent upon, devoted to ([compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Vajracchedikā]

11) [v.s. ...] prevailing, ordinary, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kāṭhaka]

12) [v.s. ...] intense, mighty, strong, [Uttararāma-carita; Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

13) [v.s. ...] set out, departed, fled, [Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

14) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for pra-śrita, humble, modest, quiet, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] m. the palm of the hand stretched out and hollowed as if to hold liquids, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

16) [v.s. ...] m. (also n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a handful (as a measure = 2 Palas), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (also -mātra n.), [???; Suśruta]

17) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a class of deities under the 6th Manu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

18) Prasṛtā (प्रसृता):—[=pra-sṛtā] [from pra-sṛta > pra-sṛ] f. the leg, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) Prasṛta (प्रसृत):—[=pra-sṛta] [from pra-sṛ] n. what has sprung up or sprouted, grass, plants, vegetables, [Mahābhārata; Pañcarātra]

20) [v.s. ...] agriculture ([probably] [wrong reading] for pra-mṛta), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of prasrita or prasrta in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: