Prashasta, aka: Praśasta, Praśastā; 8 Definition(s)
Prashasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Praśasta and Praśastā can be transliterated into English as Prasasta or Prashasta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Praśastā (प्रशस्ता).—A holy river. During their pilgrimage the Pāṇḍavas came to this place and bathed in this river. (Śloka 2, Chapter 118, Vana Parva).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Praśasta (प्रशस्त) is the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side but was slain by Kālakampana, who participated in the war on Śrutaśarman side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... that [the slaying of Prakampana, Jālika, and Caṇḍadatta, Gopaka, Somila and Pitṛśarman] made the Vidyādharas shout for joy, and the men and Asuras despond. Then four other warriors rushed upon him at the same time, Unmattaka and Praśasta, Vilambaka and Dhurandhara; Kālakampana slew them all easily”.
The story of Praśasta was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Praśasta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Jainism)
Praśasta (प्रशस्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Praśasta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
praśasta (प्रशस्त).—a (S) Roomy, capacious, spacious, unconfined--a place, a vessel: large, loose, flowing--a garment: open, full, frank--speech, procedure: liberal, generous, munificent--a mind or spirit: ample, copious, abundant--means, materials, things: agreeable, pleasing, satisfactory--actions, business. Ex. malā kāma kēlyāvāñcūna phukaṭa paisā khāṇēṃ pra0 vāṭata nāhīṃ. 2 Right, excellent, admirable, commendable. Used freely. Note. The above applications and senses are lax, but, being popular, are set down before the literal and learned sense, viz. praised. pra0 vāṭaṇēṃ in con. To feel to be agreeable; to feel free and easy in, at, about; to like.
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praśasta (प्रशस्त).—ad (praśasta S) At large, abroad, openly, freely, without confinement or restriction--roving, but, with speciality, lying, abusing, stealing, whoring &c.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
praśasta (प्रशस्त).—a Roomy, capacious, spacious. Large, loose. Open, frank. Generous, munificent. Ample, copious. Right, excellent.
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praśasta (प्रशस्त).—ad At large, openly, freely.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Praśasta (प्रशस्त).—p. p.
1) Praised, lauded, commended, eulogised.
2) Praiseworthy, commendable.
3) Best, excellent
4) Blessed, happy, auspicious.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Praśasta (प्रशस्त).—(?) , ppp. (to pra plus śas, cut; but this cpd. hardly exists), cut: so Senart's em., (in hell) kartarikāhi praśastā (mss. °sattā or °śaktā) bhavanti Mv i.24.14 (prose).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Happy, well, right. 2. Good, excellent, best. 3. Praised, extolled. E. pra before, śaṇsa to praise or commend, aff. kta .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Prashasta, Praśasta, Prasasta, Praśastā; (plurals include: Prashastas, Praśastas, Prasastas, Praśastās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 3.47 < [Section V - Duties of Marital Life]
Verse 5.22 < [Section IV - Killing of Animals for Food]
Verse 3.12 < [Section III - Marriageable Girls]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)