Prastava, Prastāva: 18 definitions


Prastava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prastav.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prastava in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव) refers to “(that which is worth) mentioning”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.38 (“Description of the dais or maṇḍapa”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Festoons with garlands of jasmine flowers shone, everywhere. Other articles of auspicious portent were fixed in every quarter. These and other things were carried out by Himavat for the sake of his daughter. Every activity was supervised by Garga of great ability. Everything auspicious worth mentioning (prastāva-yogya) found a place there. He called Viśvakarman and requested him to erect a large and spacious dais beautiful with side rostrums, altars etc. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—A son of Udgītha, married Niyutsā, and father of Vibhu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—Context, topic, the same as प्रकरण (prakaraṇa) which see above; cf, प्रस्तावः प्रकरणम् । यथा भोजनप्रकरणे सैन्धवमानयेति लवणे प्रतीतिर्गमनप्रकरणे त्वश्वे (prastāvaḥ prakaraṇam | yathā bhojanaprakaraṇe saindhavamānayeti lavaṇe pratītirgamanaprakaraṇe tvaśve), Kaiy. on M. Bh. I. 1.23 Vart. 4.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव) refers to the “context” (with one’s own action), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When this [living soul] thinks, because of delusion, about unity with objects of the senses which are immovable and other than immovable then he binds himself with his own [action] [com.—because of the context (prastāvāt) with [his own] action (karmaṇā)]. Contrary to that, he may obtain liberation. When I, for whom confusion has gone, am the one who has attained solitariness, then certainly the bondage of life is destroyed merely of its own accord”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—m S Occupation of a topic or subject; the being under narration, description, disquisition, discussion. Hence, freely, Occasion or season. v cāla, hō, asa g. of s. Ex. brahmajñānācā pra0 cālata asatāṃ viṣayakathā śōbhata nāhīṃ. Ex. of poetry. ēka mhaṇatī pāhā hō || sācaca svapnīñcā prastāvō ||.

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prastāvā (प्रस्तावा) [or प्रस्ताव, prastāva].—m (paścāttāpa S through H) Regret or repentance; sorrow or vexation at something done.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—m Occupation of a subject. Occa- sion or season.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prastava (प्रस्तव).—

1) A song or hymn of praise.

2) A fit time or opportunity; see प्रस्ताव (prastāva).

Derivable forms: prastavaḥ (प्रस्तवः).

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Prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—

1) Beginning, commencement.

2) An introduction.

3) Mention, allusion, reference; नाममात्रप्रस्तावः (nāmamātraprastāvaḥ) Ś.7.

4) An occasion, opportunity, time, season; fit or proper time; त्वराप्रस्तावोयं न खलु परिहासस्य विषयः (tvarāprastāvoyaṃ na khalu parihāsasya viṣayaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9. 45; शिष्याय बृहतां पत्युः प्रस्तावमदिशद् दृशा (śiṣyāya bṛhatāṃ patyuḥ prastāvamadiśad dṛśā) Śiśupālavadha 2.68.

5) The occasion of a discourse, subject, topic.

6) The prologue of a drama; see प्रस्तावना (prastāvanā) below.

7) The prelude or introductory words of a Sāman; लोकेषु पञ्चविधं सामोपासीत पृथिवी हिंकारोऽग्निः प्रस्तावः° (lokeṣu pañcavidhaṃ sāmopāsīta pṛthivī hiṃkāro'gniḥ prastāvaḥ°) Ch. Up.2.2.1.

8) An introductory praise. (prastāve ind. on a suitable occasion, seasonably.

Derivable forms: prastāvaḥ (प्रस्तावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Opportunity, occasion, season. 2. Occasional or introductory eulogium. 3. Subject matter of a composition. 4. A chapter, a section. 5. Beginning, commencement. 6. Mention, allusion. E. pra before, stu to praise, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—i. e. pra-stu + a, m. 1. An introductory eulogium, introduction, [Hitopadeśa] 13, 4, M. M. 2. Beginning, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 101, 9. 3. Opportunity, [Hitopadeśa] 52, 16; [Pañcatantra] 158, 19 (loc. opportunely). 4. Turn, [Pañcatantra] 55, 16. 5. Treating a subject, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 176. 6. A chapter. 7. Report. [Hitopadeśa] 120, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prastava (प्रस्तव).—[masculine] praise, eulogy.

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Prastāva (प्रस्ताव).—[masculine] mentioning, subject or opportunity of conversation, opportunity i.[grammar], occasion of (—°); introduction ([ritual or religion]); prologue ([drama]). — Instr. occasionally, by the bye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prastava (प्रस्तव):—[=pra-stava] a etc. See pra-√stu.

2) [=pra-stava] [from pra-stu] b m. a hymn of praise, chant, song, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a favourable moment (cf. a-pr), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) Prastāva (प्रस्ताव):—[=pra-stāva] [from pra-stu] m. introductory eulogy, the introduction or prelude of a Sāman (sung by the Pra-stotṛ), [Brāhmaṇa; Lāṭyāyana; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

5) [v.s. ...] the prologue of a drama (= prasstāvanā), [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] introducing a topic, preliminary mention, allusion, reference, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

7) [v.s. ...] the occasion or subject of a conversation, topic, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] occasion, opportunity, time, season, turn, convenience, [ib.; Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa] (e or eṣu, on a suitable occasion, opportunity; ena, incidentally, occasionally, suitably; with tava, at your convenience)

9) [v.s. ...] beginning, commencement, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

10) [v.s. ...] sport, ease (= helā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince (son of Udgītha), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव):—[pra-stāva] (vaḥ) 1. m. Opportunity; introduction; subject; section.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Patthāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prastava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prastava in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव) [Also spelled prastav]:—(nm) resolution, motion; proposal; —[pārita karanā] to pass a resolution.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prastāva (ಪ್ರಸ್ತಾವ):—

1) [noun] = ಪ್ರಸ್ತಾಪ - [prastapa -] 3.

2) [noun] a start, beginning, commencement.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prastava in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Prastāva (प्रस्ताव):—n. 1. introduction; beginning; commencement; 2. preface; prologue; foreword (of any book); 3. proposal;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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