Kudava, Kuḍava: 10 definitions



Kudava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kuḍava (प्रसृत) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘160 grams’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. Kuḍava is also known as Añjali, which represents a measure of corn (sufficient to fill both hands when placed side by side). A single Kuḍava unit corresponds to 2 Prasṛta units (a single Prasṛta unit equals 80 gram). You need 2 Kuḍava units to make a single Śarāva unit (1 Śarāva equals 320 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kuḍava (कुडव) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 kuḍava equals 192mg; 2 kuḍavas = 1 mānikā = 384g), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kuḍava] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, kuḍava indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuḍava (कुडव).—m (S) A corn-measure of two pāyalī, in the Konkan̤, of eight. Pr. mēlyā mhaśīsa ku0 dūdha.

--- OR ---

kuḍavā (कुडवा).—m The ledge along the bottom of a wall, or a spanbreadth portion distinguished by a wash or paint of different color. v ṭhēva, ghē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuḍava (कुडव).—m A corn-measure of two pāyalī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuḍava (कुडव).—A measure of grain equal to 1/4 of a Prastha or 1/16 of an Āḍhaka and containing 12 handfuls; कुडव कुडवं सर्वे व्यभजन्त तपस्विनः (kuḍava kuḍavaṃ sarve vyabhajanta tapasvinaḥ) Mb.14.9.34.

Derivable forms: kuḍavaḥ (कुडवः).

See also (synonyms): kuḍapa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuḍava (कुडव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A measure of grain, wood, iron, &c. the fourth part of a Prast'ha, described by some as a vessel four fingers wide, and as many deep, and containing twelve Prakritis or handfuls: it is also said to contain thirteen and a half cubic Angulas; or to be a finger and half deep, and three fingers each length and breadth. In medicine it is equal to two Prakritis or thirty-two Tolakas. E. kuḍ to heap, kavan affix; also kuḍapa and kuṭapa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuḍava (कुडव).—m. A measure of grain, etc., described as a vessel four fingers wide and as many deep, containing twelve handfuls; the fourth part of a Prastha, Mahābhārata 14, 2722.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuḍava (कुडव):—[from kuḍapa] mn. a measure of grain or of wood or of iron etc. (4th part of a Prastha, described by some as a vessel four fingers wide and as many deep and containing 12 Prakṛtis or handfuls; also said to contain 13 1/2 cubic Aṅgulas, or to contain 64 cubic Aṅgulas [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā], or to be a finger and a half deep and three fingers each in length and breadth; in med. it is equal to two Prakṛtis or thirty-two Tolakas), [Mahābhārata; Jyotiṣa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kudava in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

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