Khari, Khārī, Khāri, Kha-ri: 20 definitions
Khari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kharī (खरी).—A female attendant of Skanda. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 22).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Kharī (खरी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.6). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kharī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Khari (खरि) is another name for Droṇī: a unit of measurement of weight (1 khari equals 196.608kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning khari] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
A relative overview of weight-units is found below, khari indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.
1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.
Khāri (खारि):—A unit of Measurement; Four combind droni are equals to one khari = 196. 608 kg / l of metric units |
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Khāri.—(EI 17), a land measure; cf. khārī, khārīvāpa. Note: khāri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Khārī.—(IE 8-6; CII 4), a measure of capacity equal to sixteen droṇas. (IE 8-6), shortened form of khārīvāpa or khārikāvāpa. Note: khārī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Khari [खरी] in the Nepali language is the name of a plant identified with Celtis tetrandra Roxb. from the Ulmaceae (Elm) family having the following synonyms: Celtis serotina, Celtis trinervia. For the possible medicinal usage of khari, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.
Khari [खरी] in the Nepali language is the name of a plant identified with Celtis australis L. from the Cannabaceae (Marijuana) family having the following synonyms: Celtis alpina, Celtis lutea, Celtis serrata.
Khari [खरी] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. from the Amaranthaceae (Amaranth) family having the following synonyms: Aerva elegans, Illecebrum lanatum, Achyranthes lanata.Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Khari in Guinea is the name of a plant defined with Pterocarpus erinaceus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Lingoum erinaceum (Poir.) Kuntze (among others).
2) Khari in India is also identified with Amaranthus retroflexus It has the synonym Galliaria retroflexa (L.) Nieuwl. (etc.).
3) Khari is also identified with Suaeda plumosa It has the synonym Salsola fruticosa (L.) L. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Flora de Filipinas (1877)
· Acta Botanica Neerlandica (1977)
· United States Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel. Botany (1871)
· Phytotherapy Research (2003)
· Phytomedicine (1999)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Khari, for example health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
khāri : (f.) 16 measures of grain; a basket suspended from a pingo.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Khārī, (f.) (and khāri-) a certain measure of capacity (esp. of grain, see below khārika). It is used of the eight requisites of an ascetic, and often in conn. with his yoke (kāja): “a khārī-load. ”
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kharī (खरी).—f C Cultivable ground occurring or formed on a sheet of rock.
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khārī (खारी).—f Cloudiness and coldness of weather, rawness. v suṭa, paḍa. 2 (Usually khāra) A squirrel. 3 A yellowish clay. Much used for the dhābēṃ or flat earthen roof.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kharī (खरी).—f A field on a sheet of rock.
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khārī (खारी).—f Cloudiness and coldness of weather.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kharī (खरी).—A she-ass; वनं स्वर्गसुखं यत्र खरीभिः सह वर्धसे (vanaṃ svargasukhaṃ yatra kharībhiḥ saha vardhase) Ks. 63.134.
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Khāri (खारि) or Khārī (खारी).—f. A measure of grain equal to 16 droṇas. [ 4 मुष्टि (muṣṭi)s = 1 निष्टिका (niṣṭikā); 2 निष्टिका (niṣṭikā)s = 1 अष्टिका (aṣṭikā); 2 अष्टिका (aṣṭikā)s = 1 कुडव (kuḍava); 4 कुटव (kuṭava)s = 1 प्रस्थ (prastha); 4 प्रस्थ (prastha)s = 1 आढकी (āḍhakī); 4 आढकी (āḍhakī)s = 1 द्रोण (droṇa); 16 or 2 द्रोण (droṇa)s = 1 खारी (khārī).] खारीशतसहस्रेण धान्यैनापूरितौ ततः (khārīśatasahasreṇa dhānyaināpūritau tataḥ) Parṇāl.4.73; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.26.
-rī A scar.
Derivable forms: khāriḥ (खारिः).
See also (synonyms): khāra.
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Kharī (खरी).—(i. e. [khecarī])
1) a semi-divine female able to fly.
2) an epithet of Durgā.
3) The magical power of flying (siddhi); एवं सखीभिरुक्ताहं खेचरी- सिद्धिलोलुभा (evaṃ sakhībhiruktāhaṃ khecarī- siddhilolubhā) Kathāsaritsāgara 2.15.
4) a particular मुद्रा (mudrā) or position of fingers.
Kharī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kha and rī (री).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Khārī (खारी).—f. A measure of grain, containing 16 droṇas, or about three bushels, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 27.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kharī (खरी):—[from khara] a f. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 30; Siddhānta-kaumudī]) a she-ass, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxiii]
2) [v.s. ...] ‘a she-mule’ See kharī-vātsalya
3) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the mothers in Skanda’s retinue, [Mahābhārata ix, 2624.]
4) [from khara] b f. of ra q.v.
5) Khārī (खारी):—[from khāra] a f. idem, [Ṛg-veda iv, 32, 17; Pāṇini; Pañcatantra; Rājataraṅgiṇī]
6) Khāri (खारि):—[from khāra] f. (ifc. [Pāṇini 5-4, 101; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) = khāra, [Siddhānta-kaumudī stry. 32.]
7) Khārī (खारी):—[from khāra] b f. of ra q.v.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Khārī (खारी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khāri.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Kharī (खरी):—(a) feminine form of [kharā] (see); chalk; oil cake; —[khoṭī] harsh and unpalatable, relentless (words); —[kharī sunānā] to call a spade a spade, to tell one some home-truths, to speak out unpalatable truths; —[khoṭī sūnānā] to send one away with a flea in one’s ear, to give a bit of one’s mind, to take to tasks; —[majūrī, cokhā kāma] good wages, good work.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Khāri (खारि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Khārī.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a piece or tract of land that is rich in salt or salts; a brackish land.
2) [noun] a part of a sea or lake, indenting the shoreline; wide inlet not so large as a gulf.
3) [noun] a shallow place in a stream, river, etc., where one can cross by wading or by riding on horseback, etc.; a ford.
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Khāri (ಖಾರಿ):—[noun] an old measure of grain of varying capacity (equal to 128 seers or 160 seers).
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+47): Khari jar, Khari-buti, Khari-chang, Khari-jar, Kharia, Kharial, Kharibhanda, Kharibhara, Kharibhu, Kharida, Kharidadara, Kharidakhata, Kharidana, Kharidara, Kharidi, Kharidi Jhampa, Kharidipatra, Kharif, Kharige, Kharigheru.
Ends with (+32): Abhisankhari, Akhari, Arakkhari, Ardhakhari, Bakhari, Bhikkhari, Bokhari, Bonkhari, Bukhari, Chankhari, Char-khari, Chukhari, Cokhari, Ghodaakhari, Ghodakhari, Ghode-khari, Ikhari, Kanakasikhari, Kanta khari, Lalukhari.
Full-text (+135): Kharivapa, Kharimpaca, Kharika, Ardhakhara, Adhyardhakharika, Kharijangha, Khara, Kharimdhama, Kharivrisha, Dvikharika, Ardhakhari, Kharivishana, Kharivatsalya, Khari-buti, Arddhakhara, Shurpakhari, Vividha, Kharimdhaya, Kharigrivi, Kharikhan.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Khari, Kha-ri, Kha-rī, Khārī, Khāri, Kharī; (plurals include: Kharis, ris, rīs, Khārīs, Khāris, Kharīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Charaka Samhita (English translation) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 12c - Table of Measures (mana) < [Kalpasthana (Kalpa Sthana) — Section on Pharmaceutics]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 25 - Ar-Razi and the Indian knowledge of metallic chemistry < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Vaisheshika-sutra with Commentary (by Nandalal Sinha)
Sūtra 9.2.5 (Comparison, Presumption, Sub-sumption, Privation, and Tradition...) < [Chapter 2 - (? Inferential cognition)]