Ratti, Rattī: 9 definitions


Ratti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Rattī in the Hindi and Marathi language is another another name for Guñjā, a medicinal plants identified with Abrus precatorius (Indian licorice or rosary pea) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.113-116 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Other than the Hindi/Marathi word Rattī, there are more synonyms identified for both varieties of this plant among which twenty-two are in Sanskrit.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Ratti (रत्ति) or Guñjā refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 ratti equals 125mg; 8 rattis = 1 māṣa = 1g), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ratti] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, ratti indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rattī.—see rati. Note: rattī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Ratti in India is the name of a plant defined with Abrus precatorius in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Abrus cyaneus R. Vig. (among others).

2) Ratti in Tamil is also identified with Ziziphus mauritiana It has the synonym Paliurus mairei H. Lév. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Notulae Systematicae. Herbier du Museum de Paris (1951)
· Gardeners Dictionary, ed. 8 (1768)
· Kew Bulletin (1970)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1789)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1788)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1984)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Ratti, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ratti : (f.) night.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ratti, (f.) (Vedic rātrī & later Sk. rātri.—Idg *lādh as in Gr. lήqw=Lat. lateo to hide; Sk rāhu dark demon; also Gr. *lhtw/ (=Lat. Latona) Goddess of night; Mhg. luoder insidiousness; cp. further Gr. lanqάnw to be hidden, lήqh oblivion (E. lethargy).—The by-form of ratti is ratta2) night D. I, 47 (dosinā). Gen. sg. ratyā (for *rattiyā) Th. 1, 517; Sn. 710 (vivasane=ratti-samatikkame SnA 496); J. VI, 491. Abl. sg. rattiyā in phrases abhikkantāya r. at the waning of night D. II, 220; Vin. I, 26; S. I, 16; M. I, 143; & pabhātāya r. when night grew light, i.e. dawn J. I, 81, 500. Instr. pl. rattīsu Vin. I, 288 (hemantikāsu r.). A Loc. ratyā (for *rātryām) and a Nom. pl. ratyo (for *rātryaḥ) is given by Geiger, P. Gr. § 583.—Very often combined with and opp. to diva in foll. combinations: rattin-diva (cp. BSk. rātrindiva=Gr. nuxqήmeron, AvŚ I. 274, 278; II, 176; Divy 124) a day & a night (something like our “24 hours”), in phrase dasa rattindivā a decade of n. & d. (i.e. a 10—day week) A. V, 85 sq.; adverbially satta-rattin-divaṃ a week DhA. I, 108. As adv. in Acc. sg. : rattin-divaṃ night and day A. III, 57; Sn. 507, 1142; It. 93; J. I, 30; or rattiñ ca divañ ca Nd2 538, or rattiṃ opposed to adv. divā by night-by day M. I, 143; PvA. 43.—Other cases as adv. : Acc. eka rattiṃ one night J. I, 62; Pv. II, 97; PvA. 42; taṃ rattiṃ that night Mhvs 4, 38; imaṃ r. this night M. I, 143; yañ car... . yañ car... . etasmiṃ antare in between yon night and yon night It. 121; rattiṃ at night Miln. 42; rattiṃ rattiṃ night after night Mhvs 30, 16.—Gen. rattiyā ca divasassa ca by n. & by day S. II, 95.—Loc. rattiyañ by night VvA. 130, 315 (aḍḍha° at midnight); PvA. 22; and ratto in phrase divā ca ratto ca Sn. 223; Th. 2, 312; Dh. 296; Vv 315; 8432; S. I, 33.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rattī (रत्ती):—(nf) seed of Abrus precatorius; weight approximately equivalent to 2 1/4 grains; —[bhara ummīda na honā] not a dog’s chance; -[bhara paravāha na karanā] not to care a brass farthing.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ratti (रत्ति) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rātri.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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