Karsha, aka: Karṣa, Kārṣa; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Karṣa and Kārṣa can be transliterated into English as Karsa or Karsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Karṣa (माष) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘10 grams’ used in Āyurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Karṣa unit corresponds to 10 Māṣa units (a single Māṣa unit equals 1 gram). You need 2 Karṣa units to make a single Śukti unit (1 Śukti equals 20 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).

2) Karṣa (कर्ष) refers to a measure of weight, roughly corresponding to roughly 12 grams, or 0.42 ounces. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Karṣa (कर्ष) or Tola refers to unit of measurement. Karṣa is equal to 180 grains. (see the Rasajalanidhi by Bhudeb Mookerji volume 3)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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India history and geogprahy

Karṣa (कर्ष) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.2.129. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Karṣa.—(IE 8-8; CII 4), name of a weight equal to 80 ratis; same as tolā; sometimes regarded as 100 or 120 ratis in weight (JNSI, Vol. II, p. 3). (Ep. Ind., Vol. XV, p. 309), a measure of capacity for liquids. (CII 4), name of a coin; cf. kārṣāpaṇa. Note: karṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Karṣa.—name of a weight equal to 80 ratis or about 146 grains; sometimes regarded 100 ratis or about 183 grains; sometimes also regarded as 120 ratis in weight; a coin (cf. kārṣāpaṇa). Note: karṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

karṣa (कर्ष).—m S A weight of gold or silver equal to sixteen māṣa or eighty guñja, about two hundred and eighty grains troy.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karṣa (कर्ष).—[kṛṣ-ac ghañ vā]

1) Drawing, dragging, pulling; Y.2.217.

2) Attracting.

3) Ploughing

4) A furrow, a trench.

5) A scratch.

6) Terminalia Bellerica (Mar. bibbā, behaḍā).

-rṣaḥ, -rṣam A weight of gold or silver equal to 16 Māṣas.

Derivable forms: karṣaḥ (कर्षः).

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Kārṣa (कार्ष).—A husbandman, cultivator.

Derivable forms: kārṣaḥ (कार्षः).

See also (synonyms): kārṣaka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 32 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Karshapana
Kārṣāpaṇa (कार्षापण).—(KĀRṢIKAM). A measure of weight for gold and silver in ancient India.
Dashakarsha
Daśākarṣa (दशाकर्ष).—m. 1) the end of garment. 2) a lamp. Derivable forms: daśākarṣaḥ (दशाकर्षः...
Masha
Māṣa (माष) refers to “black gram” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit fo...
Pala
Pala.—(EI 9, 21, 30; CII 3), name of a weight. (IA 26), a weight equal to 320 ratīs; sometimes ...
Drona
Droṇa.—(IE 8-6; Chamba), a grain measure; often regarded as equal to four āḍhakas; between one ...
Shukti
Śukti (शुक्ति).—f. [śuc-ktin Uṇn.4.191]1) An oyster shell, pearl-oyster; पात्रविशेषन्यस्तं गुणा...
Suvarna
Suvarṇā (सुवर्णा) is another name for Indravāruṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Citrullus ...
Prastha
Prastha (प्रस्थ) refers to the “table lands” on the top of mountains (giri) according to the se...
Tula
Tulā (तुला).—Sign Libra. Note: Tulā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian science...
Udumbara
Uḍumbara (उडुम्बर).—1 Name of a tree; Ficus Glomearata (Mar. audumbara).2) The threshold of a h...
Prasrita
Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—A demon. This demon was killed by Garuḍa. (Śloka 12, Chapter 105, Udyoga Parv...
Sharava
Śarāva (शराव).—[śaraṃ dadhyādisāramavati av-aṇ Tv.]1) A shallow dish, platter, an earthenware v...
Samanta
Sāmanta (सामन्त) refers to “feudatories” and represents an official title used in the political...
Raktika
Raktikā (रक्तिका) is another name for Raktaguñjā, one of the two varieties of Guñjā: a medicina...
Tinduka
Tinduka (तिन्दुक).—Name of a tree.Derivable forms: tindukaḥ (तिन्दुकः).See also (synonyms): tin...

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