Karsha, aka: Karṣa, Kārṣa; 8 Definition(s)


Karsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Karṣa and Kārṣa can be transliterated into English as Karsa or Karsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Karṣa (माष) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘10 grams’ used in Āyurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Karṣa unit corresponds to 10 Māṣa units (a single Māṣa unit equals 1 gram). You need 2 Karṣa units to make a single Śukti unit (1 Śukti equals 20 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).

2) Karṣa (कर्ष) refers to a measure of weight, roughly corresponding to roughly 12 grams, or 0.42 ounces. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Karṣa (कर्ष) or Tola refers to unit of measurement. Karṣa is equal to 180 grains. (see the Rasajalanidhi by Bhudeb Mookerji volume 3)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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India history and geogprahy

Karṣa (कर्ष) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.2.129. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Karṣa.—(IE 8-8; CII 4), name of a weight equal to 80 ratis; same as tolā; sometimes regarded as 100 or 120 ratis in weight (JNSI, Vol. II, p. 3). (Ep. Ind., Vol. XV, p. 309), a measure of capacity for liquids. (CII 4), name of a coin; cf. kārṣāpaṇa. Note: karṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Karṣa.—name of a weight equal to 80 ratis or about 146 grains; sometimes regarded 100 ratis or about 183 grains; sometimes also regarded as 120 ratis in weight; a coin (cf. kārṣāpaṇa). Note: karṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

karṣa (कर्ष).—m S A weight of gold or silver equal to sixteen māṣa or eighty guñja, about two hundred and eighty grains troy.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karṣa (कर्ष).—[kṛṣ-ac ghañ vā]

1) Drawing, dragging, pulling; Y.2.217.

2) Attracting.

3) Ploughing

4) A furrow, a trench.

5) A scratch.

6) Terminalia Bellerica (Mar. bibbā, behaḍā).

-rṣaḥ, -rṣam A weight of gold or silver equal to 16 Māṣas.

Derivable forms: karṣaḥ (कर्षः).

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Kārṣa (कार्ष).—A husbandman, cultivator.

Derivable forms: kārṣaḥ (कार्षः).

See also (synonyms): kārṣaka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kārṣa (कार्ष).—m. (Sanskrit Gr.), plowman: Divy 463.8 (prose) (pañca) kārṣa-śatāny, probably error; in the sequel, 463.11 ff., repeatedly replaced by kārṣaka (Sanskrit); same passage MSV i.71.3 ff. kārṣika (Sanskrit, KSS.) thruout.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 45 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kārṣāpaṇa.—(IE 8-8; EI 29; CII 4), name of a gold, silver or copper coin one karṣa (80 ratis) i...
Daśākarṣa (दशाकर्ष).—m. 1) the end of garment. 2) a lamp. Derivable forms: daśākarṣaḥ (दशाकर्षः...
Maśa (मश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. Anger. 2. Sounding. 3. A musquito. E. maśa to sound, &c., ac aff.--...
Pāla is the name of an ancient dynasty from Bengal where Shaivism thrived between the 10th and ...
Uḍumbara (उडुम्बर).—m. (-raḥ) 1. Glomerous fig tree, (Ficus glomirata, Rox.) 2. The threshold o...
Droṇa.—(IE 8-6; Chamba), a grain measure; often regarded as equal to four āḍhakas; between one ...
Mūla (मूल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. A root, the root of a tree, &c. 2. Origin, commencement. 3. Capita...
Śukti.—same as śatamāna (q. v.). Note: śukti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” a...
Purāṇa (पुराण).—The purāṇas were first compiled by Brahmā (Vāyu-purāṇa I.60-61). Sanatkumāra, a...
Suvarṇa (सुवर्ण).—mfn. (-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) 1. Of a good tribe or caste. 2. Brilliant, bright. 3. O...
Tulā (तुला).—f. (-lā) 1. Measure by weight. 2. A measure or weight of gold and silver, 100 Pala...
Tinduka (तिन्दुक).—mf. (-kaḥ-kī) A sort of ebony, (Diospyros glutinosa.) f. (-kī) The resinous ...
Prastha.—(IE 8-6; CII 4; Chamba), a measure of capacity, often regarded as one-sixteenth of a d...
Akṣa (अक्ष).—m. (-kṣaḥ) 1. A die, cubic or oblong, for playing with. 2. Part of a car. 3. A whe...
Niṣka (निष्क).—mn. (-ṣkaḥ-ṣkaṃ) 1. A weight of gold, applied however to different quantities: i...

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