Yavaka, Yāvaka: 11 definitions



Yavaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Yavaka (यवक) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have an inferior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “being of the nature of barley”. The plant Yavaka is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Yavaka (यवक) refers to the naivedya offerings in the month Vaiśākha for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In Vaiśākha, the tooth-brush is that of udumbara-wood. The food taken is jātīphala. The deity to be worshipped is Mahārūpa. The flowers used in worship are mandāra. The naivedya offerings is yavaka. The result  accrued equals the gift of thousand cows.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yavaka, (nt.) (yava+collect. ending °ka) in cpd. sāli° (whatever there is of) rice & corn (i.e. rice- and cornfields C.) J. IV, 172. Cp. yāvaka. (Page 551)

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Yāvaka, (=yavaka) a dish prepared of barley J. VI, 373 (=yavataṇḍula-bhatta C.). (Page 555)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yavaka (यवक).—Barley.

Derivable forms: yavakaḥ (यवकः).

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Yāvaka (यावक).—

1) Food prepared from barley; भुञ्जानो यावकं रुक्षं दीर्घकालमरिंदम (bhuñjāno yāvakaṃ rukṣaṃ dīrghakālamariṃdama) Mb.12.3.44; Mb.12.215.22; 12.321.49; Ms.11.125.

2) Lac, red lac; लक्ष्यते स्म परिरक्ततयात्मा यावकेन वियतापि युवत्याः (lakṣyate sma pariraktatayātmā yāvakena viyatāpi yuvatyāḥ) Śi.1.9;5.13;7.67; Ki.5.4; उत्क्षिप्य यावकरसं किरती तथान्या (utkṣipya yāvakarasaṃ kiratī tathānyā) Bil. Ch.79.

3) Half-ripe barley; अपक्व एव यावके पुरा प्रलीयसे त्वरम् (apakva eva yāvake purā pralīyase tvaram) Mb.12.321.49.

4) Awnless barley.

5) Forced rice.

6) A kind of kidney-bean.

7) A kind of observance (vrata) in which one lives only on the grains of barley found in cow-dung; गवां निर्हारनिर्मुक्ताद् यावकात् तद्विशिष्यते (gavāṃ nirhāranirmuktād yāvakāt tadviśiṣyate) Mb.13.26.38.

Derivable forms: yāvakaḥ (यावकः), yāvakam (यावकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yavaka (यवक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Barley. E. yava barley, kan pleonasm.

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Yāvaka (यावक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Half-ripe barley. 2. Awnless barley 3. A sort of kidney-bean, (Phaseolus) 4. A kind of pulse, (Dolichos biflorus.) 5. A kind of pulse said to be peculiar to Cashmir. 6. Lac. E. yu to mix, aff. vun, and aṇ added; or yāva as above, pleonastic aff. kan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yavaka (यवक).—[yava + ka], m. Barley.

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Yāvaka (यावक).—[yāva + ka], m. 1. Half ripe barley. 2. Barley-gruel. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 125. 3. Lac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāvaka (यावक).—1. [masculine] [neuter] a kind of food prepared from barley.

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Yāvaka (यावक).—2. [masculine] = 3 yāva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yavaka (यवक):—[from yava] mfn. being of the nature of barley [gana] sthūlādi

2) [v.s. ...] m. barley, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra]

3) Yāvaka (यावक):—[from yāva] 1. yāvaka m. n. a [particular] food prepared from barley, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

4) [v.s. ...] n. grains of b°, [Mahābhārata] ([Nīlakaṇṭha])

5) [from yāva] 2. yāvaka m. idem, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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