Asuri, Asurī, Āsurī, Āsuri: 9 definitions

Introduction

Asuri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Asurī (असुरी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

2) Asurī (असुरी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Āsurī (आसुरी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica juncea (Indian mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Āsurī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āsuri (आसुरि).—An ancient Maharṣi. He was the ācārya of Kapila Sāṃkhyadarśana and the guru of the maharṣi Pañcaśikha. Once Āsuri had a full vision of God. He gave many precepts on spiritual matters to other Maharṣis. The Bhāgavata says that Āsuri received his spiritual enlightenment from his wife, Kapilā. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 218, Verses 10-14).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Āsurī (आसुरी).—The name of the entrance of the west of the city of Puramjana; allegorically the organ of procreation.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 52; 29. 14.

1b) A pupil of Kapila from whom he learnt sāṅkhya; a siddha;1 did not comprehend Hari's māyā;2 was invited for the rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 10; III. 24. 17; VI. 15. 14.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 4. 57.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 9.

1c) The queen Devatājit and mother of Devadyumna. (Asuri-Burnouf).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 3.

1d) The chief author of the recension of the yajur veda of the middle country;1 a Brahmaṛṣi.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 12.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 102. 18.

1e) A son of Brahmā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 338.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Asurī (असुरी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Asuracakravartin forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Kāyacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the kāyacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Asurī] and Vīras are body-word-mind-color (mixture of white, red, and black); they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

asurī (असुरी).—a (asura) Relating to the asura or demons. asurīupāya m A harsh and violent remedy, as amputation, actual cautery &c. asurīkarma or kṛtya n Any daring mad act. For other compounds see in order under āsurī.

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asurī (असुरी).—f (S) A female evil spirit.

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āsurī (आसुरी).—f (S) A division of medicine, surgery; curing by cutting with instruments, applying actual cautery &c.

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āsurī (आसुरी).—a (Properly āsura) Belonging or relating to the asura or demons.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āsuri (आसुरि).—A pupil of Kapila. मुनिरासुरयेऽनुकम्पया प्रददौ (munirāsuraye'nukampayā pradadau) Sāṅ. K.7.

-kalpaḥ Name of a Kalpa.

Derivable forms: āsuriḥ (आसुरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Āsuri (आसुरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted in Ṣaḍdarśanavṛtti. Hall. p. 166.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Asurī (असुरी):—[from asura > asu] f. a female demon, the wife of an Asura, [???] (cf. āsurī and mahāsurī)

2) [v.s. ...] the plant Sinapis Ramosa Roxb., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Asuri (असुरि):—([probably]) m. (said to be [from] √2. as) war, battle (= saṃgrāma), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Āsurī (आसुरी):—[from āsura] f. a female demon

5) [v.s. ...] a division of medicine (surgery, curing by cutting with instruments, applying the actual cautery)

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the plant Sinapis Ramosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the urethra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) Āsuri (आसुरि):—[from āsura] m. [f(ī). , [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]], ([from] asura), Name of a teacher, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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