Asuri, Asurī, Āsurī, Āsuri: 15 definitions
Asuri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
1) Asurī (असुरी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.
2) Asurī (असुरी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Āsurī (आसुरी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica juncea (Indian mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Āsurī are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Āsuri (आसुरि).—An ancient Maharṣi. He was the ācārya of Kapila Sāṃkhyadarśana and the guru of the maharṣi Pañcaśikha. Once Āsuri had a full vision of God. He gave many precepts on spiritual matters to other Maharṣis. The Bhāgavata says that Āsuri received his spiritual enlightenment from his wife, Kapilā. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 218, Verses 10-14).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Āsurī (आसुरी).—The name of the entrance of the west of the city of Puramjana; allegorically the organ of procreation.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 25. 52; 29. 14.
1b) A pupil of Kapila from whom he learnt sāṅkhya; a siddha;1 did not comprehend Hari's māyā;2 was invited for the rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 10; III. 24. 17; VI. 15. 14.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 4. 57.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 9.
1c) The queen Devatājit and mother of Devadyumna. (Asuri-Burnouf).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 3.
1d) The chief author of the recension of the yajur veda of the middle country;1 a Brahmaṛṣi.2
1e) A son of Brahmā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 338.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Asurī (असुरी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Asuracakravartin forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Kāyacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the kāyacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Asurī] and Vīras are body-word-mind-color (mixture of white, red, and black); they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)
Asurī (असुरी) is the wife of Vidyādhara-king Indrāśani from Camaracañcā, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, as Balabhadra Muni said:—“[...] One day, he (i.e., Dharmila) saw a Vidyādhara going through the air in his aerial car, like a rich man without a superior. He made a nidāna, ‘May I be like him in another birth as a result of this penance’. In course of time he died. And then he was born as you, son of the Vidyādhara-king, Indrāśani, by his wife, Asurī, in the city Camaracañcā. This love of yours for Sutārā was from the connection in a former birth. Memory of a former birth lasts for a hundred births”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
asurī (असुरी).—a (asura) Relating to the asura or demons. asurīupāya m A harsh and violent remedy, as amputation, actual cautery &c. asurīkarma or kṛtya n Any daring mad act. For other compounds see in order under āsurī.
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asurī (असुरी).—f (S) A female evil spirit.
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āsurī (आसुरी).—f (S) A division of medicine, surgery; curing by cutting with instruments, applying actual cautery &c.
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āsurī (आसुरी).—a (Properly āsura) Belonging or relating to the asura or demons.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Āsuri (आसुरि).—A pupil of Kapila. मुनिरासुरयेऽनुकम्पया प्रददौ (munirāsuraye'nukampayā pradadau) Sāṃkhyakārikā 7.
-kalpaḥ Name of a Kalpa.
Derivable forms: āsuriḥ (आसुरिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Āsuri (आसुरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted in Ṣaḍdarśanavṛtti. Hall. p. 166.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Asurī (असुरी):—[from asura > asu] f. a female demon, the wife of an Asura, [???] (cf. āsurī and mahāsurī)
2) [v.s. ...] the plant Sinapis Ramosa Roxb., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) Asuri (असुरि):—([probably]) m. (said to be [from] √2. as) war, battle (= saṃgrāma), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Āsurī (आसुरी):—[from āsura] f. a female demon
5) [v.s. ...] a division of medicine (surgery, curing by cutting with instruments, applying the actual cautery)
6) [v.s. ...] Name of the plant Sinapis Ramosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] the urethra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
8) Āsuri (आसुरि):—[from āsura] m. [f(ī). , [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]], ([from] asura), Name of a teacher, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āsurī (आसुरी):—(rī) 3. f. Surgery.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Āsurī (आसुरी):—(a) demonic, demon-like; -[māyā] demonic spell/trickery; —[vidyā] demonic, skill/craft.
1) [noun] a female demon or evil spirit.
2) [noun] an annual herb Brassica nigra of Brassicaceae family.
3) [noun] its black seed; black mustard.
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Asuri (ಅಸುರಿ):—[adjective] of, relating to or suggestive of a demon; influenced by a demon, evil spirit or wicked intention.
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Asurī (ಅಸುರೀ):—[adjective] = ಅಸುರಿ [asuri]2.
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1) [noun] the black seed of the herb Sinapis dichotoma; black mustard.
2) [noun] the creeper Aristolochia indica; Indian birthwort.
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Āsurī (ಆಸುರೀ):—[adjective] of or resembling the character, manner of a demon; cruel; evil; demonic.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+6): Asuri Anna, Asuri-anna, Asuri-upacara, Asuricikitsa, Asuridam, Asurika, Asurikalpa, Asurikalpasamuccaya, Asurikalpavidhi, Asurikhanem, Asurimantra, Asurimantravidhana, Asurimaya, Asurin, Asurinda, Asurinda Sutta, Asurindaka Bharadvaja, Asurinidra, Asurisampatti, Asurisampattu.
Ends with (+190): Abhayadevasuri, Adashuri, Ahamcandrasuri, Ajitadevasuri, Ajitasimhasuri, Amadevasuri, Amaramanikyasuri, Amararatnasuri, Amarasagarasuri, Amritacandasuri, Anasuri, Arhaccandrasuri, Aryarakshitasuri, Aryasuri, Balasuri, Balibhadrasuri, Basuri, Bhadreshvarasuri, Bhangasuri, Bhavasagarasuri.
Full-text (+19): Asuriya, Asurayana, Asura, Asurikalpa, Asuriupaya, Pancashikha, Asurivasin, Asurividya, Asuri-upacara, Asuri-anna, Asurikhanem, Vishad, Devadyumna, Mahasuri, Gramaka, Asuri Anna, Manushi, Asadanem, Samkhyakarika, Asuracakravartin.
Search found 44 books and stories containing Asuri, Asurī, Āsurī, Āsuri; (plurals include: Asuris, Asurīs, Āsurīs, Āsuris). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verses 2.24.42-43 < [Chapter 24 - The Story of Asuri Muni in the Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Verse 2.24.45 < [Chapter 24 - The Story of Asuri Muni in the Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Verse 5.24.55 < [Chapter 24 - The Killing of the Kola Demon]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 16.4 < [Chapter 16 - Daivāsura-sampada-yoga]
Verse 9.12 < [Chapter 9 - Rāja-guhya-yoga (Yoga through the most Confidential Knowledge)]
Verse 16.20 < [Chapter 16 - Daivāsura-sampada-yoga]
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (by Swāmī Mādhavānanda)
Section V - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter VI]
Section VI - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter II]
Section VI - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter IV]
Women in the Atharva-veda Samhita (by Pranab Jyoti Kalita)
6. Goddess Āsurī < [Chapter 4 - Female Deities and the Glorification of Women in the Atharvaveda]
6b. Hymn to Win the Love of a Husband < [Chapter 2 - The Strīkarmāṇi Hymns of the Atharvaveda]
32. Glorification of Women through the Eulogy of the Female Deities < [Chapter 4 - Female Deities and the Glorification of Women in the Atharvaveda]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 2.11.4 < [Sukta 11]
Rig Veda 7.6.5 < [Sukta 6]
Rig Veda 2.20.7 < [Sukta 20]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 8: Origin of Sāṅkhya doctrine < [Chapter I - Previous births of Mahāvīra]
Part 10: Kapila’s births < [Chapter I - Five previous incarnations]