Masi, Mashi, Maṣi, Masī: 12 definitions


Masi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Maṣi can be transliterated into English as Masi or Mashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Masi (मसि).—Personal ending formed by adding इ (i) to मस् (mas) of the 1st person (उत्तमपुरुष (uttamapuruṣa)) pl. in Vedic Literature दीपयामसि, भजयामसि (dīpayāmasi, bhajayāmasi), cf. Kāś. on इदन्तो मसि (idanto masi) P.VII.1.46.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Vṛṣabhanātha

Masi (मसि, “writing”).—Having set up a system of law and order and prevention of crime, king Vṛṣabhanātha made a plan for his subjects to become self-sufficient in the affairs of the karmabhūmi (the mundane world of action). For the welfare of subjects he trained them in asi (art of government / military occupation), masi (writing) and kṛṣi (farming) and a hundred crafts.

He taught asi, masi and kṛṣi to the human society, thus saving them from consuming the inedible / inconsumable, leading a sātvika (pure) life and explained to them that if necessity led them to take up a faulty vocation, in that case, knowing it to be sin, their aim should be to move towards a virtuous life – this was indeed samyak-darśana (right view of reality / true spiritual path).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Masi (मसि, “accounting”) refers to “professional and accounting” and represents a type of “civilized people who indulge in activities with attachment” (sāvadhyakarma-ārya), which itself is a division of karmārya: one of the classes of āryas without extraordinary powers (ṛddhi). These Ārya (civilized people) represent one of the two classes of human beings, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46. What is meant by professional and accounting (masi) activities? To develop expertise in accounting of exchange of goods for trade is called accounting / professional (masi) activities.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

masi : (m.) soot; charcoal dust.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maśī (मशी).—f See under maṣī.

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maṣī (मषी).—f S pop. maśī f The black or soot of culinary vessels, crock: also soot in general, smut, lampblack &c. 2 The black residue of burned cloth, paper &c.

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māśī (माशी).—f (makṣikā S) A fly. 2 The bead or sight of a gun. māśā khāṇēṃ -giḷaṇēṃ (To eat flies.) To look silly, confounded, disconcerted &c.: also to dawdle, loiter, poke. māśā mārīta basaṇēṃ or māraṇēṃ To be without employment or occupation. māśī lāgaṇēṃ (ḍāgiṇyā- lā &c.) Said of a trinket of which the gilding is anywhere worn off. māśī śiṅkaṇēṃ (To sneeze--a fly.) Used in accounting for or noticing a loss or other evil occurrence.

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māśī (माशी).—f māśīcēṃ jhāḍa n A shrub the leaves of which are used to blister. It is of the class Justicia, and bears a very small (fly-like) flower.

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māśī (माशी).—a Relating to the weight māsā. Used in comp. with the numerals; as ēkamāśī, dumāśī, timāśī, caumāśī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

maṣī (मषी) [-sī, -सी].—f The black or soot of culinary vessels, crock. Ink.

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māśī (माशी).—f A fly. The bead or sight of a gun. māśā mārata basaṇēṃ Be without oc- cupation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maśī (मशी).—See मसी (masī).

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Maṣi (मषि) or Maṣī (मषी).—f. = मसी (masī) q. v.

Derivable forms: maṣiḥ (मषिः).

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Masi (मसि).—m. f.

1) Ink.

2) Lampblack, soot.

3) A black powder used to paint the eyes; अस्रैरुपात्तमषिभिः कुचकुङ्कु- मानि (asrairupāttamaṣibhiḥ kucakuṅku- māni) (mṛjantyaḥ) Bhāg.1.29.29.

Derivable forms: masiḥ (मसिः).

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Masī (मसी).—See मसि (masi) above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maśī (मशी).—or (Mironov) maśi, f. (= Sanskrit maṣi, see below), probably soot, but according to Tibetan (du ba) and Chin. on Mahāvyutpatti smoke: maśīr (Mir. maśir) api na prajñāyate Mahāvyutpatti 5254, followed by chāyikam (q.v.) api…; in same context spelled maṣi (= Sanskrit, and Pali masi); (of the earth, burned by fire) maṣir api an prajñāyate, tad yathāpi nāma sarpiṣo vā tailasya vāgninā dahyamānasya na maṣir na chāyikā prajñāyate…Śikṣāsamuccaya 246.9—11; similarly Mahāvastu ii.325.9, on which see chāyikā. (Both edd. of Mahāvyutpatti cite v.l. maśiram.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṣi (मषि).—f. (-ṣiḥ-ṣī) 1. Ink. 2. The stalk of the Nyctanthes tristis. E. maṣ to hurt, in aff.; also maśi or masi .

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Masi (मसि).—mf. (-siḥ-sī) 1. Ink. 2. The stalk of the Nyctanthes tristis. 3. Lamp-black. 4. A black powder used as a collyrium. E. mas to weigh, Unadi aff. in; it also occurs, maśi, maśī, maṣi and maṣī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Masi (मसि).—masī, see maṣi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṣi (मषि).—[feminine] powder, [especially] bone-black, ink.

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Maṣī (मषी).—[feminine] powder, [especially] bone-black, ink.

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Masi (मसि).—[feminine] = maṣi & maṣī.

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Masī (मसी).—[feminine] = maṣi & maṣī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṣi (मषि):—[from maṣ] mf. (or f(ṣī). ; cf. below) powder, ([especially]) a black p° used to paint the eyes, soot, lampblack, ink, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta etc.]

2) Maṣī (मषी):—[from maṣ] (= maṣi), in [compound]

3) Masi (मसि):—and masī, incorrectly for maṣi and maṣī q.v. (masī-√bhū, to become black, [Śiśupāla-vadha xx, 63]; cf. maṣī-bhāvuka)

4) Masī (मसी):—[from masi] f. the stalk of the Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Māṣī (माषी):—[from māṣa] a f. See below.

6) Māṣi (माषि):—[from māṣa] m. [patronymic] [from] māṣa [gana] bāhv-ādi (cf. māṣa-śarāvi).

7) Māṣī (माषी):—[from māṣa] b f. Name of the wife of Śūra, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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