Masika, Māṣika, Māsika, Maṣikā, Mashika, Maṣika: 14 definitions



Masika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Māṣika and Maṣikā and Maṣika can be transliterated into English as Masika or Mashika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Masik.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Maṣikā (मषिका) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Maṣika forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jalacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jalacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Maṣikā] and Vīras are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife..

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

māsika : (adj.) occurring monthly; once a month.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Māsika, (adj.) (fr. māsa1) 1. of a month, i.e. a month old Miln. 302.—2. of a month, i.e. consisting of months, so many months (old) (-°), as aḍḍha° at intervals of half a month D. I, 166; M. I, 238, 343; Pug. 55; dve° two months old Pv. I, 67.—3. monthly, i.e. once a month Th. 1, 283 (bhatta).—Cp. māsiya. (Page 531)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

māśika (माशिक) [or माशीक, māśīka].—n The popular form of māsika q. v.

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māsika (मासिक).—a (S) Relating to a month, monthly.

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māsika (मासिक).—n (S) Monthly wages. 2 A Shraddha or obsequial sacrifice performed monthly, for a twelvemonth, on the recurrence of the lunar day of the death of.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māsika (मासिक).—a Monthly. n A monthly funeral ceremony.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Masika (मसिक).—A serpent's hole.

Derivable forms: masikaḥ (मसिकः).

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Māṣika (माषिक).—a. (- f.) Worth a Māṣa.

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Māsika (मासिक).—a. (- f.) [मासे भवः ठञ् (māse bhavaḥ ṭhañ)]

1) Relating to a month.

2) Happening every month, monthly.

3) Lasting for a month.

4) Payable in a month.

5) Engaged for a month.

-kam A funeral rite or Śrāddha performed every newmoon (during the first year of a man's death); पितॄणां मासिकं श्राद्धमन्वाहार्यं विदुर्बुधाः (pitṝṇāṃ māsikaṃ śrāddhamanvāhāryaṃ vidurbudhāḥ); मासिकान्नं तु योऽश्नीयात् (māsikānnaṃ tu yo'śnīyāt) Ms.11.157.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Masika (मसिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A snake’s hole. f.

(-kā) 1. A plant, (Nyctanthes tristis.) 2. Ink. E. masi the stalk of the plant, &c., kan added.

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Māṣika (माषिक).—f. (-kī) Adj. Worth one Masha.

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Māsika (मासिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Monthly, relating or belonging to a month. 2. Payable in a month, (a debt, &c.) 3. Hired by the month, (a servant.) 4. Lasting for a month. 5. Happening or occurring at the end of a month, what will occur a month hence, &c. n.

(-kaṃ) A particular Shradd'ha, or obsequial sacrifice performed every day of new-moon, during the first year of the death of a man. E. māsa a month, and ṭhak or ṭhañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṣika (माषिक).—[-māṣika], i. e. māṣa + ika, latter part of comp. adj. Amounting to māṣas; e. g. pañca(n)-, Amounting to five māṣas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 298.

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Māsika (मासिक).—I. adj., f. . 1. Monthly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 123; 5, 140. 2. Payable in a month. 3. Hired by the month. 4. Lasting for a month. 5. Happening at the end of a month. Ii. n. An obsequial sacrifice performed every day of the new moon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māsika (मासिक).—[feminine] ī pertaining to a month, happening every month, lasting a month, monthly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Masika (मसिक):—[from masi] m. a serpent’s hole, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Masikā (मसिका):—[from masika > masi] f. Nyctanthes Arbor Tristis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [preceding]; [varia lectio] malikā).

3) Māṣika (माषिक):—[from māṣa] mf(ī)n. See pañca-m.

4) Māsika (मासिक):—[from mās] mf(ī)n. relating to or connected with a month (See māgha-m)

5) [v.s. ...] monthly (id est. ‘happening every month’, or ‘lasting for a m°’ or ‘performed within a m°’ etc.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] payable in a month (as a debt), [Pāṇini 4-3, 47 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] engaged for a m° (as a teacher), [ib. v, 1, 80 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) [v.s. ...] dedicated to a [particular] month (as an oblation), [ib. iv, 2, 34 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

9) [v.s. ...] n. (with or [scilicet] śraddha) a [particular] Śrāddha or oblation to deceased ancestors performed every new moon, [Manu-smṛti v, 140 etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Masika (मसिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A snake’s hole. f. () Nyctanthes tristis; ink.

2) Māsika (मासिक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Monthly. n. A Shrāddha on every new moon.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Masika (मसिक):—m. das Loch einer Schlange [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON.]

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Masikā (मसिका):—f. Nyctanthes arbor tristis [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] malikā v.l. — Vgl. masī 2.

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Māṣika (माषिक):—(von māṣa) adj. f. ī einen Māṣa werth u. s. w. gaṇa niṣkādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 20.] = māṣaiḥ krītam [37, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 4, Scholiast] pañca [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 298] schlechte Lesart für pañcamāṣaka .

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Māsika (मासिक):—(von 1. māsa) adj. f. ī [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 11,] [Scholiast 2, 104, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 14,] [Scholiast]

1) am Ende eines comp. zum Monat in Beziehung stehend: dvādaśī māghamāsikī der 12te Tag im Monat Māgha [Mahābhārata ed. Bomb. 14, 2513] (māghapākṣikī ed. Calc.). —

2) monatlich, jeden Monat erfolgend: śūdrāṇāṃ māsikaṃ kāryaṃ vapanaṃ nyāyavartinām [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 140.] pitṝṇāṃ māsikaṃ śrāddhamanvāhāryaṃ vidurbudhāḥ [?3, 123. Nalopākhyāna] = māsikaṃ śrāddham [Amarakoṣa.2,7,31.] [Oxforder Handschriften 277,b,3.] māsikānnaṃ tu yo śnīyāt [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 157.] ṣaṇmāsikaprasava alle sechs Monate geschehend [Pañcatantra 252, 14.] droṇa jeden Monat gegeben werdend [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 126.] ṣaṇmāsika ācchādaḥ alle sechs Monate d. i. zwei Mal im Jahre verabfolgt werdend ebend. —

3) einen Monat während, vorhaltend: vyādhi [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 80. 93.] cāndrāyaṇa [93, Scholiast] brahmacarya [94, Scholiast] tapas [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 14, 180.] saṃcaya [Mahābhārata 12, 8891.] aṣṭamāsikī tṛptiḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 4246.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 32, 4. 5.] aṣṭamāsikī nadī ein Fluss, der acht Monate hindurch Wasser hat, [Mahābhārata 5, 7363.] māsiko brahmacārī einen Monat lang Brahmac. seiend [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 94,] [Scholiast] —

4) innerhalb eines Monats —, nach einem Monat erfolgend, = māsena nirvṛttam [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 79,] [Scholiast] = māse kāryam, dīyate [96, Scholiast] pāka [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 97, 1.] utsava [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 80,] [Scholiast] paṭa, prāsāda fertig werdend, herzustellen [93, Scholiast] ṛṇam nach einem Monat zu entrichten [4, 3, 47, Scholiast] —

5) auf einen Monat in Dienst genommen: adhyāpaka, karmakara [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 80,] [Scholiast] in Comp. mit dem Lohne [4, 116, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 4.] pañcaka, ṣaṭka, daśa [Scholiast] —

6) einem Monat geweiht: havis = māso devatāsya [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 34,] [Scholiast] — Vgl. ardha .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Masika (मसिक):——

1) m. das Loch einer Schlange.

2) f. ā Nyctanthes arbor tristis.

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Māṣika (माषिक):—Adj. (f. ī) einen Māṣa werth u.s.w. Zu belegen nur in paṅca.

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Māsika (मासिक):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) am Ende eines Comp. zum Monat — in Beziehung stehend. — b) monatlich , jeden Monat erfolgend , j. M. gegeben werdend. — c) eine Monat während , — vorhaltend , — Etwas seiend. — d) innerhalb eines Monats erfolgend , — fertig werdend , — herzustellen. — e) *nach einem Monat zu entrichten. — f) *auf einen Monat in Dienst genommen. — g) *einem best. Monat geweiht.

2) n. ein allmonatliches Śrāddha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Māsika (मासिक) [Also spelled masik]:—(a) monthly; per mensem; (nm) menstruation; a monthly magazine;—[dharma] menstruation, monthly course: —[patra/patrikā] monthly journal/magazine.

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