Mashaka, aka: Maśaka, Māsaka, Masaka, Māṣaka; 11 Definition(s)


Mashaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Maśaka and Māṣaka can be transliterated into English as Masaka or Mashaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mashaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Māṣaka (माषक) refers to “black gram” which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] then the Ācamana shall be offered and cloth dedicated. Gingelly seeds, barley grains, wheat, green gram or black gram (māṣaka) shall then be offered to Śiva with various mantras. Then flowers shall be offered to the five-faced noble soul. Lotuses, rose, Śaṅkha, and Kuśa flowers, Dhattūras, Mandāras grown in a wooden vessel, holy basil leaves or Bilva leaves shall be offered to each of the faces in accordance with the previous meditation or according to one’s wish. By all means Śiva favourably disposed to His devotees shall be worshipped with great devotion. If other flowers are not available, Bilva leaves shall be used exclusively in the worship of Śiva”.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation

Maśaka (मशक).—A place in the ancient island of Śāka. Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11 says that in ancient times, Kings used to live there for the fulfilment of their desires.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Māṣaka (माषक).—Weight in gold; fine for failure to feed Brahmanas when there is occasion for it and for mentioning one man to a prostitute and taking her to another; in silver for causing injury to animals and insects and for other offences.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 7, 89, 108, 146.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Maśaka (मशक) denotes a ‘biting fly’ or ‘mosquito’, being described in the Atharvaveda1 as ‘quickly (?) biting’ (tṛpra-daṃśin), and as having a poisonous sting. The elephant is mentioned as particularly subject to its stings. The insect is often referred to elsewhere. Cf. Daṃśa.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

India history and geogprahy

Māṣaka.—(IE 8-8), name of a coin; cf. māṣa and dināri- māṣaka; mentioned as a silver coin (K. V. Rangaswami Aiyangar, Kṛtyakalpataru, Vyavahāra-kāṇḍa, p. 125). Note: māṣaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Māṣaka.—same as māṣa; according to the Kṛtyakalpataru, a silver coin as opposed to the gold māṣa Note: māṣaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Mashaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

māsaka : (m.) a small coin, (the value of which is about an anna).

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Māsaka, (fr. māsa2+ka=māsa3) lit. a small bean, used as a standard of weight & value; hence a small coin of very low value. Of copper, wood & lac (DhsA. 318; cp. KhA 37; jatu°, dāru°, loha°); the suvaṇṇa° (golden m.) at J. IV, 107 reminds of the “gold” in fairy tales. That its worth is next to nothing is seen from the descending progression of coins at DhA. III, 108=VvA. 77, which, beginning with kahāpaṇa, aḍḍha-pāda, places māsaka & kāhaṇikā next to mudhā “gratis. ” It only “counts” when it amounts to 5 māsakas.—Vin. III, 47, 67; IV, 226 (pañca°); J. I, 112 (aḍḍha-māsakaṃ na agghati is worth nothing); IV, 107; V, 135 (first a rain of flowers, then of māsakas, then kahāpaṇas); DhA. II, 29 (pañca-m. -mattaṃ a sum of 5 m.); PvA. 282 (m+aḍḍha° half-pennies & farthings, as children’s pocket-money). (Page 531)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Mashaka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

maśaka (मशक).—m S A gnat or mosquito. Ex. kiṃ rājahaṃsā- puḍhēṃ maśaka || kiṃ nāmā ||; also tyā maśakācā pāḍa kōṇa || kāya uśīra āṇāvayā ||.

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masaka (मसक).—f (maśaka S through P) A leathern water-bag carried under the arm.

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masakā (मसका).—m ( H Butter.) An amalgam in general.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maśaka (मशक).—m A gnat or mosquito.

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masaka (मसक).—f A leathern water-bag carried under the arm.

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masakā (मसका).—m An amalgam in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maśaka (मशक).—[maś-vun]

1) A mosquito, gnat; सर्वं खलस्य चरितं मशकः करोति (sarvaṃ khalasya caritaṃ maśakaḥ karoti) H.1.78; Ms.1.45.

2) A particular disease of the skin.

3) A leather water-bag.

4) Name of a district in Śākadvīpa inhabited by Kṣatriyas.

5) Gadfly, any fly that stings (daṃśamaśaka); Mb.3.141.27.

-kī A female mosquito; मद्गेहे मशकीव मूषकवधूः (madgehe maśakīva mūṣakavadhūḥ) ...... Sūkti.5.19.

Derivable forms: maśakaḥ (मशकः).

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Māṣaka (माषक).—

1) A bean.

2) A kind of weight of gold; द्वे कृष्णले समधृते विज्ञेयो रौप्यमाषकः (dve kṛṣṇale samadhṛte vijñeyo raupyamāṣakaḥ) Ms.8.135.

Derivable forms: māṣakaḥ (माषकः).

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Māsaka (मासक).—A month.

Derivable forms: māsakaḥ (मासकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maśaka (मशक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A gnat, a musquito. 2. A kind of cutaneous eruption the formation of small pustules or warts. 3. A leather water-bag. E. maś to be angry and vun aff.

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Masaka (मसक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A gnat. E. maṣ to hurt, vun aff.

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Māṣaka (माषक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A weight of silver of two Rattis or about 4(1/2) grains. 2. The same in gold. 3. A Masha: see the last. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 38 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aḍḍhamāsaka refers to: half a bean (as weight or measure of value, see māsaka) J.I, 111. Note: ...
Maśakavaraṇa (मशकवरण).—nt., fan to drive off mosquitos: Mvy 8987; follows vidhamanam, q.v.
Maśakakuṭī (मशककुटी).—Mvy 9002, acc. to Chin. mosquito- netting; Tibetan sbraṅ skyabs, insect-p...
Maśakaharī (मशकहरी).—a mosquito-curtain.Maśakaharī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Raupyamāṣaka (रौप्यमाषक).—a particular weight; द्वे कृष्णले समधृते विज्ञेयो रौप्यमाषकः (dve kṛṣ...
Ravimāsaka (रविमासक).—a solar month. Derivable forms: ravimāsakaḥ (रविमासकः).Ravimāsaka is a Sa...
Ādyamāṣaka (आद्यमाषक).—a measure of five guñjas (about. 17 1/2 grains Troy).Derivable forms: ād...
Nirmaśaka (निर्मशक).—a. free from gnats. Nirmaśaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Nadīmāṣaka (नदीमाषक) is a Sanskrit word referring to a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka...
Māsa (मास) refers to “black gram”, which is given to the priest in the Prājāpatya ceremony, acc...
Loha (लोह) or Lauha refers to “metal”, representing a type of material for construction of a Li...
Pada (पद).—(= Pali id.), sentence, complete utterance, in contrast with nāman, word, and vyañja...
Kalpa (कल्प) in a precise sense means a vast cosmic period but this seems to have been a later ...
Uḍumbara (उडुम्बर).—m. (-raḥ) 1. Glomerous fig tree, (Ficus glomirata, Rox.) 2. The threshold o...
Kuṭi (कुटि).—mf. (-ṭiḥ-ṭiḥ or -ṭī) A house. m. (-ṭiḥ) 1. A tree. 2. The body. 3. Curvature, a c...

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