Mashaka, aka: Maśaka, Māsaka, Masaka, Māṣaka; 9 Definition(s)
Mashaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Maśaka and Māṣaka can be transliterated into English as Masaka or Mashaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Maśaka (मशक).—A place in the ancient island of Śāka. Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11 says that in ancient times, Kings used to live there for the fulfilment of their desires.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Māṣaka (माषक).—Weight in gold; fine for failure to feed Brahmanas when there is occasion for it and for mentioning one man to a prostitute and taking her to another; in silver for causing injury to animals and insects and for other offences.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 7, 89, 108, 146.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Maśaka (मशक) denotes a ‘biting fly’ or ‘mosquito’, being described in the Atharvaveda1 as ‘quickly (?) biting’ (tṛpra-daṃśin), and as having a poisonous sting. The elephant is mentioned as particularly subject to its stings. The insect is often referred to elsewhere. Cf. Daṃśa.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
India history and geogprahy
Māṣaka.—(IE 8-8), name of a coin; cf. māṣa and dināri- māṣaka; mentioned as a silver coin (K. V. Rangaswami Aiyangar, Kṛtyakalpataru, Vyavahāra-kāṇḍa, p. 125). Note: māṣaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Māṣaka.—same as māṣa; according to the Kṛtyakalpataru, a silver coin as opposed to the gold māṣa Note: māṣaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
māsaka : (m.) a small coin, (the value of which is about an anna).Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Māsaka, (fr. māsa2+ka=māsa3) lit. a small bean, used as a standard of weight & value; hence a small coin of very low value. Of copper, wood & lac (DhsA. 318; cp. KhA 37; jatu°, dāru°, loha°); the suvaṇṇa° (golden m.) at J. IV, 107 reminds of the “gold” in fairy tales. That its worth is next to nothing is seen from the descending progression of coins at DhA. III, 108=VvA. 77, which, beginning with kahāpaṇa, aḍḍha-pāda, places māsaka & kāhaṇikā next to mudhā “gratis. ” It only “counts” when it amounts to 5 māsakas.—Vin. III, 47, 67; IV, 226 (pañca°); J. I, 112 (aḍḍha-māsakaṃ na agghati is worth nothing); IV, 107; V, 135 (first a rain of flowers, then of māsakas, then kahāpaṇas); DhA. II, 29 (pañca-m. -mattaṃ a sum of 5 m.); PvA. 282 (m+aḍḍha° half-pennies & farthings, as children’s pocket-money). (Page 531)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
maśaka (मशक).—m S A gnat or mosquito. Ex. kiṃ rājahaṃsā- puḍhēṃ maśaka || kiṃ nāmā ||; also tyā maśakācā pāḍa kōṇa || kāya uśīra āṇāvayā ||.
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masaka (मसक).—f (maśaka S through P) A leathern water-bag carried under the arm.
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masakā (मसका).—m ( H Butter.) An amalgam in general.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
maśaka (मशक).—m A gnat or mosquito.
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masaka (मसक).—f A leathern water-bag carried under the arm.
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masakā (मसका).—m An amalgam in general.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A mosquito, gnat; सर्वं खलस्य चरितं मशकः करोति (sarvaṃ khalasya caritaṃ maśakaḥ karoti) H.1.78; Ms.1.45.
2) A particular disease of the skin.
3) A leather water-bag.
4) Name of a district in Śākadvīpa inhabited by Kṣatriyas.
5) Gadfly, any fly that stings (daṃśamaśaka); Mb.3.141.27.
-kī A female mosquito; मद्गेहे मशकीव मूषकवधूः (madgehe maśakīva mūṣakavadhūḥ) ...... Sūkti.5.19.
Derivable forms: maśakaḥ (मशकः).
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1) A bean.
2) A kind of weight of gold; द्वे कृष्णले समधृते विज्ञेयो रौप्यमाषकः (dve kṛṣṇale samadhṛte vijñeyo raupyamāṣakaḥ) Ms.8.135.
Derivable forms: māṣakaḥ (माषकः).
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Māsaka (मासक).—A month.
Derivable forms: māsakaḥ (मासकः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 37 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Nirmaśaka (निर्मशक).—a. free from gnats. Nirmaśaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Ādyamāṣaka (आद्यमाषक).—a measure of five guñjas (about. 17 1/2 grains Troy).Derivable forms: ād...
Maśakaharī (मशकहरी).—a mosquito-curtain.Maśakaharī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Maśakakuṭi (मशककुटि) or Maśakakuṭī (मशककुटी).—f., Derivable forms: maśakakuṭiḥ (मशककुटिः).Maśak...
Maśakavaraṇa (मशकवरण).—a whisk for scaring away mosquitos. Derivable forms: maśakavaraṇam (मशकव...
Raupyamāṣaka (रौप्यमाषक).—a particular weight; द्वे कृष्णले समधृते विज्ञेयो रौप्यमाषकः (dve kṛṣ...
Ravimāsaka (रविमासक).—a solar month. Derivable forms: ravimāsakaḥ (रविमासकः).Ravimāsaka is a Sa...
Nadīmāṣaka (नदीमाषक) is a Sanskrit word referring to a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka...
Maśa (मश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. Anger. 2. Sounding. 3. A musquito. E. maśa to sound, &c., ac aff.--...
Loha (लोह) refers to “metal”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu icons...
Pāda (पाद, “feet”) refers to one of the seven “major limbs” (aṅga), which represents a division...
Kalpa (कल्प) in a precise sense means a vast cosmic period but this seems to have been a later ...
Uḍumbara (उडुम्बर).—m. (-raḥ) 1. Glomerous fig tree, (Ficus glomirata, Rox.) 2. The threshold o...
Amā.—(EI 21), abbreviation of amāvāsyā. Note: amā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossa...
Addhā (अद्धा).—ind. Truly, verily. E. ata going constantly, dhā to have, and vic aff.
Search found 17 books and stories containing Mashaka, Maśaka, Māsaka, Masaka or Māṣaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vinaya Pitaka (1): The Analysis of Monks’ Rules (Bhikkhu-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)
Monks’ Expulsion (Pārājika) 2: Origin story < [Monks’ Expulsion (Pārājika) 2]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 8.131 < [Section XXIII - Measures]
Verse 8.298 < [Section XLII - Assaults]
Verse 8.392 < [Section XLVIII - Laws relating to Civic Misdemeanours]
Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara (by I. B. Horner)
Monks’ Analysis: on How Many Offences? (Pārājika) < [1.2. Monks’ Analysis: on How Many Offences?]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 8 - Śākadvīpa: Mountains, Rivers and Countries < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
Chapter 28 - Merit Coming From Exposition of a Sacred Text < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)