Manthana, Manthāna, Mamthana: 20 definitions


Manthana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Manthāna (मन्थान) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., manthāna) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Manthana (मन्थन):—The Process of churning

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Manthāna (मन्थान) refers to “Bhairava, the Churner”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] Śiva and Śakti, with which the universe is woven like a cloth, warp and woof, are the Churning Bhairava and the Churning Bhairavī in the centre of the Triangle. First the churning of the two divides reality, as it were, into a supreme, transcendent aspect and an inferior, immanent aspect. The two then unite and ‘churn’ each other and so the goddess ‘makes love there’. Thus the Point is said to be ‘churned by passion’ which splits and melts it. This, the Energy of Passion is present within emanation. It is the Passion that is ‘the destruction of desire’. It belongs to the goddess who, endowed with this energy, churns Bhairava, the Churner (manthāna).

2) Manthāna (अनादि) is the name of the Monastery (maṭhas) associated with Jālandhara, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to chapter 10 of the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—If the scheme in the Yogakhaṇḍa is not the first example of this model, the other most likely candidate is found in chapter ten of the Kularatnoddyota, which is an early Tantra of the Kubjikā corpus. [...] In this set-up each of the four sacred seats corresponds to a cosmic age and has a tree, creeper, cave, monastery (maṭha) [i.e., Manthāna], goddess, Siddha, and guardian of the field. The layout can be tabulated as follows.

3) Manthāna (मन्थान) is the name of the Maṭha associated with Oḍḍiyāna, one the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Manthana (मन्थन) or Amṛtamanthāna refers to the “churning and drinking of the amṛta”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra chapter 46.—It is in this chapter that the amṛta comes to fore again in ritual. For the main subject here is amṛta-manthāna, the churning and drinking of the amṛta. The Sādhaka is to make pots from clay obtained from the cremation ground, contruct a sacrificial pavilion from bones, and place the ritual cauldron upon a corpse. He is required to churn a mixture including mahāpicu (sexual fluids or various other human fluids?) using a piece of bone as the churning stick, with a rope made of human hair, intestines and skin (?). The cauldron is identified with Aghorī and the churning stick with Bhairava. In this rite, the Sādhaka re-enacts the cosmic churning of the ocean, and the same miraculous objects emerge (the Kaustubha gem, etc.) as the gods brought forth during the primordial churning.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Manthana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Manthana (मन्थन) refers to “churning (the ocean)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.15 (“The birth of Jalandhara and his marriage”).—Accordingly, as Bhārgava narrated to Jalandhara the details regarding the headless Rāhu: “[...] All those gods, the assistants of Viṣṇu churned (manthana) the ocean eagerly for the gain of nectar, along with the Asuras. The enemies of the Asuras extracted jewels from the ocean. The gods seized the nectar and drank it deceitfully. Then the gods including Indra increased in strength and prowess by the drinking of the nectar and harassed the Asuras with the assistance of Viṣṇu. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Manthāna (मन्थान) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘amṛta’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., manthāna) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Manthāna (मन्थान) refers to the “churner” (i.e., “the yogic union of churner and churnable”), according to chapter 50 of the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “Now, I will explain the characteristic of Mahākaṅkāla. [...] [The practitioner] devotes himself to the yogic union of churner (manthāna) and the churnable by means of the threads (viz., channels) in the middle of [his] navel region. [Awakening minds,] assuming the shape of the letter ha , [flow down] from [his] head appearing like single threads (viz., channels). [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manthana (मंथन) [or मथन, mathana].—n (S) Churning. 2 fig. Agitating a subject; discussing, debating, revolving. 3 S Killing or injuring.

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manthāna (मंथान).—m S pop. manthā m A churnstaff.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

manthana (मंथन).—n Churning. Fig. Discuss- ing. Killing.

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manthāna (मंथान).—m A churnstaff.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—[manyate'nena karaṇe lyuṭ bhāve lyuṭ vā] A churning-stick.

-nam 1 Churning, agitating, stirring or shaking about.

2) Kindling fire by attrition.

-nī A churningvessel.

Derivable forms: manthanaḥ (मन्थनः).

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—[manth-ānac]

1) A churning-stick; प्रविवेशाथ पातालं मन्थानः पर्वतोपमः (praviveśātha pātālaṃ manthānaḥ parvatopamaḥ) Rām.

2) An epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: manthānaḥ (मन्थानः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Agitating, stirring, churning. 2. Killing, injuring. 3. Kindling fire by friction. f. (-nī) A churn. m.

(-naḥ) A churningstick. E. manth to agitate, &c. aff. lyuṭ .

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A churning-stick. 2. An epithet of Siva. 3. A plant, (cassia fistula.) E. manth to agitate, ānac aff.

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Thinking, conceiving. 2. Minding, regarding. E. mnā to mind, śānac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—[manth + ana], I. n. 1. Churning, Mahābhārata 1, 1141. Agitating. Ii. f. , A churn.

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Manthāna (मन्थान).— (vb. manth), m. A churning-stick, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 45, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—[adjective] & [neuter] kindling fire by friction, [neuter] also stirring, shaking i.[grammar]

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—[masculine] shaker ([Epithet] of. Śiva); churningstick or a cert. instrument for kindling fire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manthana (मन्थन):—[from manth] mfn. kindling fire by friction, [Nirukta, by Yāska iii, 14]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a churning-stick, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [from manth] n. the act of kindling fire by rubbing pieces of wood together, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; ???]

4) [v.s. ...] the act of shaking, shaking about, agitating, churning (milk into butter), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] churning out (of Amṛta), [Mahābhārata] (cf. amṛta-m).

6) Manthāna (मन्थान):—[from manth] m. ‘shaker (of the universe)’, Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] instrument for stirring or rubbing ([especially] for kindling fire), [Caraka]

8) [v.s. ...] a churning-stick, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] Cassia Fistula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manthana (मन्थन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Agitating, churning; killing. f. () A churn.

2) Manthāna (मन्थान):—(naḥ) 1. m. A churning-stick.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Manthana (मन्थन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maṃthaṇa, Maṃthāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manthana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Maṃthaṇa (मंथण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Manthana.

2) Maṃthāṇa (मंथाण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Manthāna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maṃthana (ಮಂಥನ):—

1) [noun] the act of churning (as curds).

2) [noun] a stick with a disc-like part, with zig-zag teeth, at one end for churning curd; a churning stick.

3) [noun] the act or an instance of rubbing two pieces of peepul wood together for generating fire.

4) [noun] the act or process of thinking seriously and deeply about; meditation; cogitation.

5) [noun] emotional disturbance; agitation.

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Maṃthāna (ಮಂಥಾನ):—

1) [noun] = ಮಂಥನ - [mamthana -] 2.

2) [noun] Śiva.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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