Manthana, Manthāna: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Manthana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Manthāna (मन्थान) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., manthāna) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Manthana (मन्थन):—The Process of churning

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Manthāna (मन्थान) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘amṛta’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., manthāna) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manthana (मंथन) [or मथन, mathana].—n (S) Churning. 2 fig. Agitating a subject; discussing, debating, revolving. 3 S Killing or injuring.

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manthāna (मंथान).—m S pop. manthā m A churnstaff.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

manthana (मंथन).—n Churning. Fig. Discuss- ing. Killing.

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manthāna (मंथान).—m A churnstaff.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—[manyate'nena karaṇe lyuṭ bhāve lyuṭ vā] A churning-stick.

-nam 1 Churning, agitating, stirring or shaking about.

2) Kindling fire by attrition.

-nī A churningvessel.

Derivable forms: manthanaḥ (मन्थनः).

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—[manth-ānac]

1) A churning-stick; प्रविवेशाथ पातालं मन्थानः पर्वतोपमः (praviveśātha pātālaṃ manthānaḥ parvatopamaḥ) Rām.

2) An epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: manthānaḥ (मन्थानः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Agitating, stirring, churning. 2. Killing, injuring. 3. Kindling fire by friction. f. (-nī) A churn. m.

(-naḥ) A churningstick. E. manth to agitate, &c. aff. lyuṭ .

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A churning-stick. 2. An epithet of Siva. 3. A plant, (cassia fistula.) E. manth to agitate, ānac aff.

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Thinking, conceiving. 2. Minding, regarding. E. mnā to mind, śānac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—[manth + ana], I. n. 1. Churning, Mahābhārata 1, 1141. Agitating. Ii. f. , A churn.

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Manthāna (मन्थान).— (vb. manth), m. A churning-stick, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 45, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthana (मन्थन).—[adjective] & [neuter] kindling fire by friction, [neuter] also stirring, shaking i.[grammar]

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Manthāna (मन्थान).—[masculine] shaker ([Epithet] of. Śiva); churningstick or a cert. instrument for kindling fire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manthana (मन्थन):—[from manth] mfn. kindling fire by friction, [Nirukta, by Yāska iii, 14]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a churning-stick, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [from manth] n. the act of kindling fire by rubbing pieces of wood together, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; ???]

4) [v.s. ...] the act of shaking, shaking about, agitating, churning (milk into butter), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] churning out (of Amṛta), [Mahābhārata] (cf. amṛta-m).

6) Manthāna (मन्थान):—[from manth] m. ‘shaker (of the universe)’, Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] instrument for stirring or rubbing ([especially] for kindling fire), [Caraka]

8) [v.s. ...] a churning-stick, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] Cassia Fistula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manthana (मन्थन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Agitating, churning; killing. f. () A churn.

2) Manthāna (मन्थान):—(naḥ) 1. m. A churning-stick.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Manthana (मन्थन):—(von manth)

1) adj. ausreibend (Feuer): agnimanthanau bāhū [Yāska’s Nirukta 3, 14.] —

2) m. Butterstössel [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] manthanāvarta [Harivaṃśa 4424], wofür aber die neuere Ausg. richtiger manthānāvarta liest. —

3) f. ī Butterfass [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 75.] [Halāyudha 2, 162.] Vgl. manthinī . —

4) n. a) das Ausreiben des Feuers mit Hölzern; das Verfahren wird beschrieben beim [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 362. 366.] [KARMAPRADĪPA 1, 7, 1. fgg.] [?(bei KUHN, Herabk. d. F. 71).] agneḥ [Chāndogyopaniṣad 1, 3, 5.] agni [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 8, 21. 5, 1, 27. 6, 3, 26.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 19, 14.] araṇi = manthanadāruviśeṣa [Mallinātha] zu [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 28.] — b) das Rütteln, Umschütteln [Suśruta 1, 85, 8.] das Quirlen (der Milch beim Buttern) [179, 4.] ambudheḥ [Spr. 838.] [Mahābhārata 1, 1141.] der Herausquirlen: amṛta [Mahābhārata 1, 17] in der Unterschr. des Adhy. — c) (vielleicht m.) ein Werkzeug zum Reiben des Feuers [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 431, 15.] — Vgl. mathana .

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Manthāna (मन्थान):—(von manth) m.

1) Schüttler, Beiw. Śiva’s [Mahābhārata 13, 1243.] = viśvaviloḍanasamartha Schol. Vgl. manthānabhairava . —

2) Butterstössel [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 74.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 9, 22. 3, 3, 199.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1023.] [Halāyudha 2, 121.] manthānaḥ parvatottamaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 45, 28.] valayodgāraiḥ [Harivaṃśa 3396.] manthānāvartapūrṇeṣu (so die neuere Ausg.) gargareṣu [4424.] manthānaṃ (vgl. 2. math) mandaraṃ kṛtvā [?4603. Mahābhārata 1, 1124. Rāmāyaṇa 1, 45, 19 (46, 21 Gorresio).] —

3) ein best. Metrum, 4 Mal {Ç} [Colebrooke II, 159 (I, 8).]

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Manthāna (मन्थान):—m. ein best. Werkzeug zum Reiben des Feuers; s. oben u. manthaka .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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