Manoratha, Manas-ratha, Mano-ratha: 23 definitions


Manoratha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Manorath.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Manoratha (मनोरथ, “hint at a desire”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: Natya Shastra

Manoratha (मनोरथ, “indirect expression of one’s desire”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of manoratha: Expressing one’s secret desire of the heart by a pretence of referring to somebody else’s condition, is called Indirect Expression of Desire (manoratha, lit. “object of the mind”).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Manoratha (मनोरथ).—A calf once created by Śrī Kṛṣṇa by his spiritual powers. (See under Surabhi).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Manoratha (मनोरथ) refers to the “reach of mental conception”, to which Lord Śiva is beyond, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.19.—“[...] the devotee [viz., Guṇanidhi] opened his eyes and gazed at lord Śiva, the moon-crested consort of Umā who was shining with a brilliance that excelled thousands of rising suns. Dazzled by the brilliance, he closed his eyes and addressed the lord of lords who is beyond the reach of mental conception (manoratha-padātin). ‘O lord, please give my eyes the power to see your feet’.”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Manoratha (मनोरथ) refers to a “desire”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “he had written down the [work known as ] the ‘Doctrine of Mahākāla’ instructed to him by a withered Mahāpāśupata mendicant”; “he was one in whom the disease of talking about [finding] treasure had arisen”; “in him the wind [disease] of alchemy had grown”; “he entertained the deluded desire (manoratha-vyāmohena) of becoming the lover of a Yakṣa maiden”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1a) Manoratha (मनोरथ) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Manoratha).

1b) Manoratha (मनोरथ) is also the name of a Piśāca mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

2) Manorathā (मनोरथा) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Manoratha (मनोरथ) refers to “wishes”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “The Bhagavān was dwelling in the great city of Vārāṇasī. Providing great benefits he was teaching the Dharma to beings, namely the producer of virtue, fulfilling all hopes and wishes (sarva-āśā-manoratha-paripūrṇa). [He was] in an assembly-gathering, with a great assembly of Nāgas lead by Takṣaka. With a great assembly of Devas and humans”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

manoratha : (m.) wish.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Manoratha refers to: desired object (lit. what pleases the mind), wish Vism. 506 (°vighāta+icchā-vighāta); °ṃ pūreti to fulfil one’s wish Mhvs 8, 27 (puṇṇa-sabbamanoratha). Manoratha-pūraṇī (f.) “the wish fulfiller” is the name of the Commentary on the Aṅguttara Nikāya.

Note: manoratha is a Pali compound consisting of the words mano and ratha.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manōratha (मनोरथ).—m (S) Purpose, design, plan, scheme, desire, wish. 2 or manōrathasṛṣṭi f Mental creations or fictions; pictures or phantasms of the imagination.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

manōratha (मनोरथ).—m Purpose, design, wish.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manoratha (मनोरथ).—

1) 'the car of the mind', a wish, desire; अवतरतः सिद्धिपथं शब्दः स्वमनोरथस्येव (avatarataḥ siddhipathaṃ śabdaḥ svamanorathasyeva) M.1.22; मनोरथानामगतिर्न विद्यते (manorathānāmagatirna vidyate) Kumārasambhava 5.64; R.2.72;12.59; उत्पद्यन्ते विलीयन्ते दरिद्राणां मनोरथाः (utpadyante vilīyante daridrāṇāṃ manorathāḥ) Udb.; आशा नाम नदी मनोरथजला (āśā nāma nadī manorathajalā) Bhartṛhari 3.45.

2) a desired object; मनोरथाय नाशंसे (manorathāya nāśaṃse) Ś.7.13.

3) (in dramas) a hint, a wish expressed indirectly or covertly. °तृतीया (tṛtīyā) Name of the third day in the bright half of Chaitra. °दायक (dāyaka) a. fulfilling one's expectations. (-kaḥ) Name of a Kalpa-taru. °द्रुमः (drumaḥ) the god of love. °बन्धः (bandhaḥ) cherishing or entertaining of desire. °बन्धुः (bandhuḥ) the friend of (who satisfies) desires; तस्या भवानपि मनोरथबन्धबन्धुः (tasyā bhavānapi manorathabandhabandhuḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.34. °सिद्धिः (siddhiḥ) f. fulfilment of one's desires. °सृष्टिः (sṛṣṭiḥ) f. a creation of the fancy, a castle in the air.

Derivable forms: manorathaḥ (मनोरथः).

Manoratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manas and ratha (रथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Manoratha (मनोरथ).—name of a piśāca: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manoratha (मनोरथ).—m.

(-thaḥ) 1. Wish, desire. 2. A desired object. 3. A wish expressed indirectly, (in drama.) E. manas the heart, and ratha vehicle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manoratha (मनोरथ).—m. wish, desire, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 13, 20.

Manoratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manas and ratha (रथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manoratha (मनोरथ).—[masculine] wish, desire, fancy (lit. heart’s joy).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Manoratha (मनोरथ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a contemporary of Ānandavardhana. Quoted in Dhvanyālokalocana.

2) Manoratha (मनोरथ):—a poet under Jayāpīḍa. Rājatarangiṇī 4, 496. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

3) Manoratha (मनोरथ):—father of Maheśvara (Vṛttaśataka). Peters. 2, 131.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manoratha (मनोरथ):—[=mano-ratha] [from mano > man] a m. (ifc. f(ā). ) ‘heart’s joy’ (See 2. ratha), a wish, desire (also = desired object), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] fancy, illusion, [Śaṃkarācārya]

3) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) a wish expressed in an indirect manner, hint, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] the heart compared to a car (See 1. ratha), [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a teacher, [Buddhist literature]

6) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] of various men, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) [v.s. ...] b [according to] to some [originally] Prākṛt for manortha, ‘heart-matter’

9) Manorathā (मनोरथा):—[=mano-rathā] [from mano-ratha > mano > man] f. Name of a woman (= -prabhā), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manoratha (मनोरथ):—[mano-ratha] (thaḥ) 1. m. Wish, desire.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manoratha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Manoratha (मनोरथ) [Also spelled manorath]:—(nm) desire, wish; longing; -[siddhi] gratification, fulfilment of a desire.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manoratha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Manōratha (ಮನೋರಥ):—[noun] = ಮನೋಭಿಲಷಿತ [manobhilashita]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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