Malakara, Mālākāra, Mālākara, Mala-kara: 19 definitions


Malakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Malakara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—The flower seller who offered Kṛṣṇa and Rāma flowers liked by them and was blessed with wealth and long life to him, to his generations of his successors.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 19. 17-28.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Malakara in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Mālākāra is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Mālākāra) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Mālākāra (मालाकार, “garlander”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Mālākāra). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Arthashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mālākāra (मालाकार) refers to “garland makers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn (śanaiścara) should lie through the constellation of Hasta, barbers, mill-men, thieves, physicians, weavers, elephant keepers, prostitutes, the Kośalas and garland makers [i.e., mālākāra] will suffer. If the course of Saturn should lie through the constellation of Citrā, women, writers, painters, various utensils will suffer; if through Svāti, the people of Magadha, reporters, messengers, charioteers, sailors, dancers and the like will suffer miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Mālākāra refers to “florists” and represents one of the various classes of workers mentioned in the inscriptions of Andhra country. Such inscriptions reflect the industrial and commercial advances of the early history of Andhra. Most of the crafts and industries having such artisans (e.g., the Mālākāras) were organized into guilds, with each guild having their alderman (seṭhin or śreṣṭhin) and offices in town halls (nigama-sabhā). Such guilds were sometimes granted permanent endowments (akhayanivi) as a form of investment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mālākāra.—(LL), a florist. See Mālin. Note: mālākāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Malakara in India is the name of a plant defined with Gardenia turgida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gardenia donia Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., nom. nud. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. (1981)
· Gen. Pl. (1873)
· Bot. (1978)
· Flora of the British India (1880)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ (1832)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Malakara, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Malakara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mālākāra : (m.) garland-maker; a florist.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mālākāra refers to: garland-maker, florist, gardener (cp. Fick, Sociale Gleiderung 38, 182) J. V, 292; Miln. 331; DhA. I, 208, 334; VvA. 170, 253 (°vīthi).

Note: mālākāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words mālā and kāra.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mālākara (मालाकर) or Mālākāra (मालाकार).—

1) a garland-maker, florist, gardener; कृती मालाकारो बकुलमपि कुत्रापि निदधे (kṛtī mālākāro bakulamapi kutrāpi nidadhe) Bv.1.54; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.22.

2) the tribe of gardeners.

Derivable forms: mālākaraḥ (मालाकरः), mālākāraḥ (मालाकारः).

Mālākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mālā and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—m.

(-raḥ) A flower-seller, a florist, a gardener. E. mālā a garland, and kāra who makes; also, mālākṛt, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—mālā kāra, m., f. , A flower-seller, a gardener, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 394; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 24, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—[masculine] ī [feminine] wreath-maker, florist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mālākara (मालाकर):—[=mālā-kara] [from mālā > māla] m. = next, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Mālākāra (मालाकार):—[=mālā-kāra] [from mālā > māla] m. a garland-maker, gardener, florist (also as a mixed caste), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (f(ī). , [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Viśva-karman by a Śūdra woman or by Ghṛtācī, [Brahmavaivarta-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार):—[mālā+kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. A flower-seller, a florist.

[Sanskrit to German]

Malakara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mālakāra (ಮಾಲಕಾರ):—[noun] = ಮಾಲೆಕಾರ - [malekara -] 1.

--- OR ---

Mālākāra (ಮಾಲಾಕಾರ):—[noun] = ಮಾಲೆಕಾರ - [malekara -] 1.

--- OR ---

Māḷākāra (ಮಾಳಾಕಾರ):—[noun] a man who makes and sells strings of flowers, grlands, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Malakara in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार):—n. garland-maker; florist; gardener; adj. garland-shaped; round;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

Discover the meaning of malakara in the context of Nepali from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: