Malakara, Mālākāra, Mālākara, Mala-kara: 15 definitions



Malakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Malakara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—The flower seller who offered Kṛṣṇa and Rāma flowers liked by them and was blessed with wealth and long life to him, to his generations of his successors.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 19. 17-28.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Malakara in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Mālākāra is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (e.g., Mālākāra) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Mālākāra (मालाकार, “garlander”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Mālākāra). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Mālākāra refers to “florists” and represents one of the various classes of workers mentioned in the inscriptions of Andhra country. Such inscriptions reflect the industrial and commercial advances of the early history of Andhra. Most of the crafts and industries having such artisans (e.g., the Mālākāras) were organized into guilds, with each guild having their alderman (seṭhin or śreṣṭhin) and offices in town halls (nigama-sabhā). Such guilds were sometimes granted permanent endowments (akhayanivi) as a form of investment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mālākāra.—(LL), a florist. See Mālin. Note: mālākāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Malakara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mālākāra : (m.) garland-maker; a florist.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mālākāra refers to: garland-maker, florist, gardener (cp. Fick, Sociale Gleiderung 38, 182) J. V, 292; Miln. 331; DhA. I, 208, 334; VvA. 170, 253 (°vīthi).

Note: mālākāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words mālā and kāra.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mālākara (मालाकर) or Mālākāra (मालाकार).—

1) a garland-maker, florist, gardener; कृती मालाकारो बकुलमपि कुत्रापि निदधे (kṛtī mālākāro bakulamapi kutrāpi nidadhe) Bv.1.54; Pt.1.22.

2) the tribe of gardeners.

Derivable forms: mālākaraḥ (मालाकरः), mālākāraḥ (मालाकारः).

Mālākara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mālā and kara (कर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—m.

(-raḥ) A flower-seller, a florist, a gardener. E. mālā a garland, and kāra who makes; also, mālākṛt, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—mālā kāra, m., f. , A flower-seller, a gardener, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 394; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 24, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार).—[masculine] ī [feminine] wreath-maker, florist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mālākara (मालाकर):—[=mālā-kara] [from mālā > māla] m. = next, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Mālākāra (मालाकार):—[=mālā-kāra] [from mālā > māla] m. a garland-maker, gardener, florist (also as a mixed caste), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (f(ī). , [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Viśva-karman by a Śūdra woman or by Ghṛtācī, [Brahmavaivarta-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālākāra (मालाकार):—[mālā+kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. A flower-seller, a florist.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mālākara (मालाकर):—(mā + 1. kara) m. = mālākāra [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] u. dem letzten Worte.

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Mālākāra (मालाकार):—(mā + 1. kāra) m. Kranzwinder, Gärtner [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 900.] [Mahābhārata 2, 2109.] [Harivaṃśa 4480.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 90, 20.] [Spr. 440. 1936. 4560. 4715.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 10, 9. 86, 32.] [Sāhityadarpana 35, 11.] [MERUTANTRA 5 im Śabdakalpadruma] (Suppl.). kārī f. Kranzwinderin [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 78, 9.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 19, 11.] Die Gärtner als Mischlingskaste: tailikyāṃ karmakārācca mālākārasya saṃbhavaḥ [Parāśarapaddhati im Śabdakalpadruma] [Colebrooke II, 182.] ein Sohn Viśvakarman’s von einer Śudrā [BRAHMAVAIV. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher im Śabdakalpadruma] von Ghṛtācī [Oxforder Handschriften 21,b, Nalopākhyāna 3.] Vgl. u. kumbhakāra. mālākāra [Halāyudha 2, 434] schlechte Lesart für māyākāra .

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Mālākāra (मालाकार):—[Kathāsaritsāgara 123, 262.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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