Malai, Malaī, Maḻai, Māḻai, Māḷai: 9 definitions


Malai means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Malai (“mountain”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The other miscellaneous articles found as attributes in the hands of the deities are, for example, Malai.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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India history and geography

Source: Minor Chiefs and "Hero" in Ancient Tamilakam

Malai (mountain, hill) is a name related to the historical geography and rulers of ancient Tamil Nadu, occuring in Sangam literature such as the Akanāṉūṟu and the Puṟanāṉūṟu.—Notes: (Ciṟumalai (Rajarajan 2019: fig. 2), kuṟiñci-tiṇai (cf. Sivathamby 1974, Devadevan 2006).)

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Malai in India is the name of a plant defined with Spondias pinnata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Spondias mangifera Willd. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Genera Plantarum (1789)
· FBI (1876)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Planta Medica (1976)
· Supplementum Plantarum (1781)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Malai, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

malaī (मलई).—f (malla Wrestler.) Noise and bluster, clamor and rudeness, the overbearing (as resorted to by persons overcome in argument) by manual violence or furious vociferation. v kara, māṇḍa, mājava. 2 Boisterous and tumultuous proceedings (of any assembly or concourse). Ex. dakṣiṇā ghētē vēḷēsa ma0 kēvaḍhī! pōrāñcī ma0 cālalī. 3 Any disorderly and promiscuous gathering of persons (as of all castes, of sōvaḷē & ōvaḷē &c.) Hence 4 Applied to an inn, eating house, cook's shop &c.

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malaī (मलई).—f ( H) Cream.

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malāī (मलाई).—f ( H) Cream.

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maḷaī (मळई).—f (maḷa) Mud and garbage brought by rains or the river, alluvial depositions. 2 The garden or plantation thereon. 3 A seine or large fishing net. 4 (Preferably malaī) Cream.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

malaī (मलई).—f Noise and bluster. Any disorder- ly gathering of persons. Inn.

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malaī (मलई).—f Cream.

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maḷaī (मळई).—f Alluvial depositions. (maḷakī) A large fishing-net.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Malāī (मलाई):—(nf) cream; —[utāranā] to defend flatteringly, to cover the drawbacks of (as an effort to flatter).

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Mālai (मालै) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Mālatī.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Malāī (मलाई):—n. cream; milk cream;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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