Prasarini, Prasāriṇī: 10 definitions


Prasarini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Prasarini in Ayurveda glossary

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Merremia tridentata (Linn.) Hallier f. ssp. tridentata” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning prasāriṇī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant possibly identified with Paederia foetida Linn. or “skunkvine” from the Rubiaceae or “coffee” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.36-38 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Prasāriṇī can be identified as either 1) Leptadenia spartium Weight. (synonym of  Leptadenia pyrotechnica), 2) Paederia foetida Linn., 3) Merremia tridentata Hallier f., 4) Sida veronicaefolia Lam.

Prasāriṇī is mentioned as having fourteen synonyms: Suprasarā, Sāriṇī, Saraṇī, Sarā, Cāruparṇī, Rājabalā, Bhadraparṇī, Pratānikā, Prabalā, Rājaparṇī, Balyā, Bhadrabalā, Candravallī and Prabhadrā.

Properties and characteristics: “Prasāriṇī is heavy (gurū), hot (uṣṇa), bitter (tikta), and alleviates vāta. It is indicated in piles and oedema and relieves constipation due to sluggish or impaired peristaltic movements i.e. viṣṭambha (laxative)”.

2) Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी) is also mentioned as synonym for Lajjālu, a medicinal plant identified with Mimosa pudica Linn. or “sensitive plant” from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.103-106. Together with the names Prasāriṇī and Lajjālu, there are a total of twenty-two Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Prasāriṇī has a frequency of 327.0319Hz. It is also known as Prasāraṇī.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Prasarini in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Prasarini [प्रसारिणी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Xenostegia tridentata subsp. tridentata from the Convolvulaceae (Morning glory) family having the following synonyms: Merremia tridentata, Evolvulus tridentatus. For the possible medicinal usage of prasarini, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Prasarini in India is the name of a plant defined with Merremia tridentata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ipomoea angustifolia Jacq. (among others).

2) Prasarini is also identified with Paederia foetida It has the synonym Apocynum foetidum Burm.f. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Japanese Botany (1988)
· Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany (1883)
· Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University (1934)
· Taxon (1979)
· Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica (1993)
· Brittonia (1980)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Prasarini, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prasarini in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी).—Surrounding an enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Tattvacintāmaṇidīdhitiṭīkā by Kṛṣṇadāsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prasāriṇī (प्रसारिणी):—[=pra-sāriṇī] [from pra-sārin > pra-sara > pra-sṛ] f. (in music), Name of a Sruti, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] Paederia Foetida, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

3) [v.s. ...] Mimosa Pudica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prasarini in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prasāriṇi (ಪ್ರಸಾರಿಣಿ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಸಾರಣಿ [prasarani].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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