Dhataki, Dhātakī, Dhātaki: 8 definitions

Introduction

Dhataki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Dhātakī (धातकी):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of dhataki in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dhātakī (धातकी) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Fire-flame bush”, a species of plant from the Lythraceae family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It also known by the name Madanīyahetu. The official botanical name of the plant is Alhagi maurorum and in English it is commonly known as “Shiranjitea” or “Woodfordia” among others.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Dhātakī (धातकी) refers to the medicinal plant Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz. Syn. Woodfordia floribunda Salisb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Dhātakī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz. Syn. Woodfordia floribunda Salisb. (Dhātakī) is known as Dhātukī according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Dhātakī (धातकी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning dhātakī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of dhataki in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dhātaki (धातकि).—A son of Vītihotra of Puṣkaradvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 31.

1b) (Dhātuki, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) a son of Savana, after whom came Dhātakikhaṇḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 15-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 14-15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 73.

1c) (khaṇḍa) a division of Puṣkaradvīpa: encircles Sumana hill on the southern side;1 named after Dhātaki, son of Savana.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 16; 19. 117-25: Matsya-purāṇa 123. 5-10, 26. Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 113, 121.
  • 2) Ib. 33. 15.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of dhataki in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dhātakī (धातकी) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Grislea tomentosa) under which the parents of Pārśva are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Śvetāmbara tradition. According to the Digambara tradition the tree is known as Dhava. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Pārśva is the twenty-third of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Aśvasena and his mother is Vāmā according to Śvetāmbara or Varmilā according to Digambara, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Dhātaki (धातकि) or Devadāru (Deodar) is the Kevala-tree of Pārśvanātha: the twenty-third of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—From all sources, we gather his emblem or cognizance is a snake. In sculpture, snake seems to be everything with him. Not only do we find snake in the usual place of the symbol, we find, snakes canopy him with three or seven or eleven hoods. His Yakṣa is called Pārśva or Vāmana or Dharaṇendra and Yakṣiṇī is called Padmāvatī. The king, who stands by his side as a Chowri-bearer is known as Ajitarāja. The Devadāru (Deodar) or Dhātaki is his Kevala-tree.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of dhataki in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhātakī (धातकी).—f. (-kī) A tree, (Grislea tomentosa.) E. dhā to have, affix ṇvul, tan inserted.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of dhataki in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: