Ashadha, aka: Āṣāḍha, Aṣāḍha, Āśāḍha; 8 Definition(s)
Ashadha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Āṣāḍha and Aṣāḍha and Āśāḍha can be transliterated into English as Asadha or Ashadha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
1) Āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—A Kṣatriya King. He was the incarnation of a Rākṣasa called Krodhavaśa. Kaśyapa was the son of Marīci, Brahmā’s son. Kaśyapa married Krodhavaśā, daughter of Dakṣa. The Rākṣasa group called Krodhavaśas were the children of Krodhavaśā. Many Kṣatriya kings trace their descent from this group of Rākṣasas. The names of such Kṣatriya Kings are given below: Madraka, Karṇaveṣṭha, Siddhārtha, Kīṭakariddha, Subāhu, Bālhika, Kratha, Vicitra, Suratha, Cīravāsas, Kauravya, Dantavaktra, Durjaya, Rukmi, Janamejaya, Āṣāḍha, Vāyuvega, Bhūritejas, Ekalavya, Sumitra, Gomukha, Vātadhāna, and Kṣemadhūrti. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 6, Verses 59-64).
2) Āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—Śiva. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 17, Verse 121).
3) Āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—Name of a month. By feasting in this month, one will have many sons and much wealth. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 106, Verse 26).
4) Āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—Name of a star. After observing a fast on the day of this star, if curd is given to a Brahmin of noble birth, one can take rebirth in a family having many cows. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 64, Verses 25-26).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—Sacred to Aṅgāraka, and for performing śrāddha.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 76; 24. 133; III. 18. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 108; 66. 51; 82. 10.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Āṣāḍha (आषाढ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.58) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āṣāḍha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
Āṣāḍha (आषाढ) is the name of a Vidyādhara king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Dāmodara said to the company of Sūryaprabha: “victory to the Crown Prince Dāmodara, son of king Āṣāḍha! O mortal, dweller on the earth, Sūryaprabha, fall at his feet. And do homage, O Janamejaya; why have you given your daughter to an undeserver? Propitiate, both of you, this god at once, otherwise he will not be appeased”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Āṣāḍha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Āṣāḍha (आषाढ) is the second month of the “summer season” (nidagha) in the traditional Indian calendar, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The physician (bhiṣaj) should pay attention to the seasonal (ṛtu) factor in the use of medicinal drugs. Accordingly, “the bulbous roots in winter season (viz., Āṣāḍha), other roots in cold season and flowers during spring season are supposed to contain better properties. The new leaves or shoots in summer and the drugs, which grow in mud, like Lotus etc., should be used in autumn season”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—m (S) The name of the fourth month reckoning from caitra, viz. June-July.
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āṣāḍhā (आषाढा) [or ढी, ḍhī].—a Relating to the month āṣāḍha.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—m The name of the 4th month from caitra.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Aṣāḍha (अषाढ).—a. Ved.
1) Not to be overcome, invincible; अषाळ्हाय सहमानाय वेधसे (aṣāḷhāya sahamānāya vedhase) Rv.2.21.2.
2) Born under the constellation Āṣāḍha [P.IV.3.34]. अथाजिनाषाढधरः प्रमाथी (athājināṣāḍhadharaḥ pramāthī).
-ḍhaḥ 1 The month Āṣāḍha commencing with the Sun's entrance into Gemeni (usually written āṣāḍha).
2) A staff made of the wood of Palāśa, carried by a religious student or ascetic.
3) Name of the Malaya mountain.
-ḍhā 1 Name of a constellation, the twentieth (pūrvāṣāḍhā) and twenty-first (uttarāṣāḍhā) lunar mansions; Av.19.7.4.
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Āśāḍha (आशाढ).—See अ (a) (ā) षाढ (ṣāḍha).
Derivable forms: āśāḍhaḥ (आशाढः).
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Āṣāḍha (आषाढ).—[āṣāḍhī pūrṇimā asminmāse aṇ]
1) Name of a Hindu month (corresponding to part of June and July); आषा- ढस्य प्रथमदिवसे (āṣā- ḍhasya prathamadivase) Me.2; शेते विष्णुः सदाषाढे कार्तिके प्रतिबोध्यते (śete viṣṇuḥ sadāṣāḍhe kārtike pratibodhyate) V.P.
2) A staff of the Palāśa wood carried by an ascetic; अथाजिनाषाढधरः प्रगल्भवाक् (athājināṣāḍhadharaḥ pragalbhavāk) Ku.5.3.
3) The Malaya mountain.
-ḍhā The 2th and the 21st lunar mansions usually called पूर्वाषाढा (pūrvāṣāḍhā) and उत्तराषाढा (uttarāṣāḍhā).
-ḍhī The day of full moon in the month of Āṣāḍha; तस्य नित्यं सदाऽऽ षाढयां माध्यां च बहवो द्विजाः (tasya nityaṃ sadā'' ṣāḍhayāṃ mādhyāṃ ca bahavo dvijāḥ) Mb.12.171.17.
Derivable forms: āṣāḍhaḥ (आषाढः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 26 books and stories containing Ashadha, Āṣāḍha, Aṣāḍha or Āśāḍha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.95 < [Section XII - Vedic Study]
Verse 4.119 < [Section XIII - Days unfit for Study]
Verse 3.276 < [Section XXII - Time for Śrāddha]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra (by Baudhāyana)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)