Puranjaya, Purañjaya, Puramjaya: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Puranjaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Puranjaya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Purañjaya (पुरञ्जय):—Son of Śaśāda (=nickname of Vikukṣi, who was a son of Ikṣvāku). He is also known as Indravāha and sometimes as Kakutstha. He had a son named Anenā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.12-20)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Purañjaya (पुरञ्जय).—A king of Ayodhyā. See under Kākutstha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Purañjaya (पुरञ्जय).—Alias Indravāha; also Kakustha: son of Vikukṣi father of Anenas; in a Devāsura war he became Pārṣṇigrāha to the Devas when Indra assumed the form of a bull over which he rode and discomfited the Asuras by his bhalla weapons; hence known as Kakustha; a Rājaṛṣi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 12-20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 20-32.

1b) A King of the Māgadhas including Pulindas Yadus and Madrakas among the castes; will establish anti-Brahmana subjects, will exterminate the Kṣatriyas and rule from Padmāvatī, the country along the Gangā as far as Prayāgā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 36-37.

1c) The last of the Bārhadratha line; was killed by his minister Śunaka who placed his own son on the throne.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 2-3.

1d) The son of Sṛñjaya, (Sanjaya, Matsya-purāṇa) a hero equal to Indra, and whose glory was sung in heaven;1 father of Janamejaya.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 14-15; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 14.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 4-5.

1e) A son of Medhāvi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 84.

1f) The son of Suśānti and father of Ṛkṣa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 57.

1g) The son of Vindhyaśakti and father of Ramacandra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 56.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Puranjaya in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Purañjaya (पुरञ्जय) is the name of a Vidyādhara-city, situated on mount Vaitāḍhya (in the southern row), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] Taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they went to Vaitāḍhya. [...] Ten yojanas above the earth, King Nami made fifty cities on the mountain in a southern row [viz., Purañjaya]. Nami himself lived in Śrīrathanūpuracakravāla, the capital city among these cities. [...] The two rows of Vidyādhara-cities looked very magnificent, as if the Vyantara rows above were reflected below. After making many villages [viz., Purañjaya] and suburbs, they established communities according to the suitability of place. The communities there were called by the same name as the community from which the men had been brought and put there. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puranjaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purañjaya (पुरञ्जय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yī-yaṃ) Victorious, conquering cities. m.

(-yaḥ) 1. The proper name of a king, the third of the race of the sun. E. pura a city, to conquer, aff. khaś.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purañjaya (पुरञ्जय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Third king of the solar race. a. Victorious.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Purañjaya (पुरञ्जय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Puraṃjaya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puranjaya in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Puraṃjaya (पुरंजय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Purañjaya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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