Bhimasena, Bhīmasena, Bhima-sena: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhimasena means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhimasena in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).—(also Bhīma); a Pāṇḍava son of Kuntī; father of Śrutasena; had another son Ghaṭotkaca by Hidimbā, and a third Sarvagata by Kālī;1 failed to hit the fish in Lakṣmaṇā's svayaṃvara;2 joy at Kṛṣṇa's visit to Indraprastha and Kṛṣṇa's respects to him; was consoled by Kṛṣṇa when banished to forest;3 sent to the western territories with the Matsyas, Kekayas and Madrakas.4 Advised by Uddhava to go in Brahmana's disguise to Jarāsandha and vanquish him; went with Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna to Girivraja. After killing Jarāsandha, Bhīmasena returned to Hastināpura.5 Declined to follow Balarāma's advice not to fight; fought with Duryodhana at Kurukṣetra and felled him with his gadā;6 was in charge of cooking in the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira;7 fed Dhṛtarāṣṭra; advocated killing of Aśvatthāma and felt sorry at Kṛṣṇa's separation;8 put an end to the Rākṣasas born of Krodhavaśā: propagator of bhīmadvādaśīvrata;9 gave Piṇḍa sitting on his left leg to Janārdhana, and attained Brahmaloka with his brothers;10 strength of; depended on the good will of Kṛṣṇa.11

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 29-31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 35; 20. 40.
  • 2) Ib. X. 71. 27; 58. 4; 64. 9.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 83. 23.
  • 4) Ib. X. 72. 13.
  • 5) Ib. X. 71. 7; 72. 32-46; 73. 31.
  • 6) Ib. X. 78 [95(v)39]; 79. 23 and 28; I. 7. 13.
  • 7) Ib. X. 75. 4.
  • 8) Ib. I. 13. 22; II. 7. 35; I. 7. 51 and 54; 9. 15; 10. 10.
  • 9) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 43; 69. 12-3.
  • 10) Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 48; 108. 91.
  • 11) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 33.

1b) A son of Parīkṣit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 1; 21. 2.

1c) A Mauneya Gandharva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 1.

1d) An author of a treatise on Music.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 42.

1e) A son of Dakṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 38.

1f) A son of Suratha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 229.

1g) A son of Ṛkṣa, and father of Dilīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 233; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 7.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.41, I.65, I.89.48) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhīmasena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).—Called भीमदास (bhīmadāsa) also, who flourished in the fourteenth century and wrote a treatise on grammar called भैमव्याकरण (bhaimavyākaraṇa).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhimasena in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन) or Bhīmasenaśikhariṇi refers to a variety of the Śikhariṇi curd preparation, as mentioned in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā. Śikhariṇīs [viz., Bhīmasena] are drinks prepared from curd. Raghunātha, the author of Bhojanakutūhala, discusses as the important varieties.

(Bhīmasena-śikhariṇi Ingredients): sour curds, candied sugar, ghee, honey, black pepper and dry ginger.

(Cooking instructions): Half āḍhaka (1Kg 532gm) of sour curds, sixteen palas (768gm) of candied sugar, one pala of ghee (48gm), one pala (48gm) of honey, two kārṣas (12 gm)of black pepper, half pala (24gm) of dry ginger are mixed together. An alternative proportion of measures is also suggested. Instead of one pala, half the palas of all the four (i.e. ghee, honey, black pepper and dry ginger) is suggested. This distilled through a fine cloth. The liquid is collected in a vessel. Powdered camphor is used to impart fragrance to this liquid which is known by the name bhīmasenaśikhariṇi. Here also the author says that the distillation process should done by pressing with the soft hands of a maiden. According to Bhojanakutūhala,this drink was first prepared by Bhīmasena and was savoured by Lord Kṛṣṇa.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. A weaver; see the Bhimasena Jataka.

2. One of the five Pandavas, sons of King Pandu; he was the husband of Kanha. J.v.424, 426.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhimasena in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).—

1) Name of the second Pāṇḍava prince.

2) a kind of camphor.

Derivable forms: bhīmasenaḥ (भीमसेनः).

Bhīmasena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhīma and sena (सेन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. The third of the five Pandu princes. 2. A kind of camphor. E. bhīma formidable, and senā an army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).— (cf. sena), m. The second of the five Pāṇḍu princes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).—[masculine] [Name] of one of the sons of Pāṇḍu etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a tāntric teacher. Mentioned in Śaktiratnākara Oxf. 101^a.

2) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—wrote in 1723: Sudhāsāgara Kāvyaprakāśaṭīkā.
—[commentary] on Harshadeva's Ratnāvalī.

3) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—Durgāmāhātmyaṭīkā.

4) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—Dhātupāṭha. Bhaimī grammar. He is quoted by Rāyamukuṭa and Padmanābha Oxf. 110^b.

5) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—Vaidyabodhasaṃgraha med.

6) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—of Kirātanagarī: Sūpaśāstra or Pākaśāstra.

7) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—minister of a king of Nepāl: Sarvalakṣaṇapustaka.

8) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—son of Śivānanda, nephew of Trilocana, son of Muralīdhara, son of Vīreśvara. son of Gaṅgādāsa of Kānyakubja (see Bl. 161): Sudhāsāgara Kāvyaprakāśaṭīkā.

9) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—Abhidhānacandrikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन):—[=bhīma-sena] [from bhīma > bhī] m. (bhīma-) ‘having a formidable army’, Name of a Deva-gandharva, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] of a Yakṣa, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] of the second son of Pāṇḍu (cf. bhīma), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Lalita-vistara]

4) [v.s. ...] of various other men, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhimasena in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhīmasena refers to: having a terrifying army J. IV, 26; VI, 201. Also Np. of one of the 5 sons of King Paṇḍu J. V, 426; Vism. 233. (Page 505)

Note: bhīmasena is a Pali compound consisting of the words bhīma and sena.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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