Bhimasena, aka: Bhīmasena, Bhima-sena; 5 Definition(s)
Bhimasena means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).—(also Bhīma); a Pāṇḍava son of Kuntī; father of Śrutasena; had another son Ghaṭotkaca by Hidimbā, and a third Sarvagata by Kālī;1 failed to hit the fish in Lakṣmaṇā's svayaṃvara;2 joy at Kṛṣṇa's visit to Indraprastha and Kṛṣṇa's respects to him; was consoled by Kṛṣṇa when banished to forest;3 sent to the western territories with the Matsyas, Kekayas and Madrakas.4 Advised by Uddhava to go in Brahmana's disguise to Jarāsandha and vanquish him; went with Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna to Girivraja. After killing Jarāsandha, Bhīmasena returned to Hastināpura.5 Declined to follow Balarāma's advice not to fight; fought with Duryodhana at Kurukṣetra and felled him with his gadā;6 was in charge of cooking in the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira;7 fed Dhṛtarāṣṭra; advocated killing of Aśvatthāma and felt sorry at Kṛṣṇa's separation;8 put an end to the Rākṣasas born of Krodhavaśā: propagator of bhīmadvādaśīvrata;9 gave Piṇḍa sitting on his left leg to Janārdhana, and attained Brahmaloka with his brothers;10 strength of; depended on the good will of Kṛṣṇa.11
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 29-31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 35; 20. 40.
- 2) Ib. X. 71. 27; 58. 4; 64. 9.
- 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 83. 23.
- 4) Ib. X. 72. 13.
- 5) Ib. X. 71. 7; 72. 32-46; 73. 31.
- 6) Ib. X. 78 [95(v)39]; 79. 23 and 28; I. 7. 13.
- 7) Ib. X. 75. 4.
- 8) Ib. I. 13. 22; II. 7. 35; I. 7. 51 and 54; 9. 15; 10. 10.
- 9) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 43; 69. 12-3.
- 10) Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 48; 108. 91.
- 11) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 33.
1b) A son of Parīkṣit.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 1; 21. 2.
1c) A Mauneya Gandharva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 1.
1d) An author of a treatise on Music.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 42.
1e) A son of Dakṣa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 38.
1f) A son of Suratha.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 229.
1g) A son of Ṛkṣa, and father of Dilīpa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 233; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 7.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Bhīmasena (भीमसेन).—Called भीमदास (bhīmadāsa) also, who flourished in the fourteenth century and wrote a treatise on grammar called भैमव्याकरण (bhaimavyākaraṇa).(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Bhīmasena (भीमसेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.41, I.65, I.89.48) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhīmasena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. A weaver; see the Bhimasena Jataka.
2. One of the five Pandavas, sons of King Pandu; he was the husband of Kanha. J.v.424, 426.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
1) Name of the second Pāṇḍava prince.
2) a kind of camphor.
Derivable forms: bhīmasenaḥ (भीमसेनः).
Bhīmasena is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhīma and sena (सेन).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 21 books and stories containing Bhimasena, Bhīmasena or Bhima-sena. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 80: Bhīmasena-jātaka < [Book I - Ekanipāta]
Jataka 536: Kuṇāla-jātaka < [Volume 5]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.4.117 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta: The Devotee]
Verse 1.4.86 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta: The Devotee]
Verse 2.1.26 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CLXXVII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CLIII < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
Section CLIX < [Tirtha-yatra Parva]
The Mahabharata - Fourth Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section XVII < [Kichaka-badha Parva]
Section XXXIII < [Go-harana Parva]
Section XLIV < [Go-harana Parva]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)