Madhurya, Mādhurya: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Madhurya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Madhury.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Mādhurya (माधुर्य, “sweetness”) refers to one of the ten merits (guṇa) of a dramatic play (kāvya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. They are characterised by their sweetness and depth of meaning. (Description): When a sentence heard or uttered many times does not tire or disgust anyone, it is an instance of Sweetness (mādhurya).

2) Mādhurya (माधुर्य, “delicacy”) refers to one of the ten “ involuntary graces” of women (svābhāvikā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These involuntary (spontaneous) graces, represent one of the three aspects of graces (alaṃkāra) which forms which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “moderation in the movement of limbs in all conditions, especially in radiance (dīpti), and in lolling (lalita), is called ‘delicacy’ (mādhurya)”.

3) Mādhurya (माधुर्य, “self-possession”) also refers to one of the eight aspects of the male’s sattva, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingingly, “if due to a long practice in this direction one’s sense-organs retain their firmness even when great changes of the natural state have occurred, it is called ‘self-possesion’ (mādhurya, lit. sweetness)”.

These involuntary graces (such as mādhurya) and sattvas are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Mādhurya (माधुर्य) refers to “with sweetness, or beauty. It refers to devotion inspired by attraction to Bhagavān’s sweet and intimate feature as a beautiful young cowherd boy and to the greatest exchange of love between Kṛṣṇa and His devotees”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Mādhurya (माधुर्य) refers to:—(1) sweetness or beauty ; (2) Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s four unique qualities: līlā-mādhurya–astonishing pastimes; prema-mādhurya–He is surrounded by devotees who possess incom parable mādhuryaprema; veṇu-mādhurya–the mellifluous sound of His flute; and rūpa-mādhurya–His extraordinary beauty. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Madhurya (मधुर्य) refers to:—Sweetness; sweet human-like pastimes; the relationship, or rasa, of conjugal love. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Madhurya in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Mādhurya (माधुर्य, “sweetness”) or Mādhuryaguṇa refers to one of the different Guṇas (‘qualities’) employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— According to Mammaṭa, the cause melting emotions in the mind, present in the erotic sentiment, and the form of joy is known as Sweetness (mādhurya). Viśvanātha also defined it. Sweetness is the elegance consisting of (i) alliteration technically called śrutyanuprāsa which is the grouping of similar sounds belonging to the same place of articulation, and (ii) absence of vulgarity. The verbal and ideal forms of sweetness (mādhurya) have been called vāg-rasa and vastu-rasa respectively.

In Bharata, it is sweetness (mādhurya) where a sentence heard or repeated many times does not bore or disgust. According to Bhāmaha, the mādhurya of kāvya consists in (i) its being pleasing to the ear and in (ii) the use of a smaller number of compounds, while Vāmana calls it, as a verbal guṇa, the distinctness of words due to absence of long compounds and, as an ideal guṇa, the strikingness of utterance (uktivaicitrya).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mādhurya (माधुर्य) refers to “sweet (loving)” and is used to describe the Goddess, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] The goddess who had (just) emerged from the Liṅga and heard the gods words, assumed a sweet (loving) (mādhurya) form (mūrti) and was bent over (kubjikā) with shyness (lajjā). Then she thought (to herself): ‘How is it that the teacher and lord of the gods, demons and the three worlds desires grace (from me)?’”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mādhurya (माधुर्य).—n (S) Sweetness, lit. fig., lusciousness, melodiousness, fragrance, agreeableness &c.: also softness, gentleness, mildness of disposition or manners.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mādhurya (माधुर्य).—n Sweetness; gentleness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mādhurya (माधुर्य).—[madhurasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Sweetness; माधुर्यमीष्टे हरिणान् ग्रहीतुम् (mādhuryamīṣṭe hariṇān grahītum) R.18.13; माधुर्यं मधुबिन्दुना रचयितुं क्षाराम्बुधे- रीहते (mādhuryaṃ madhubindunā racayituṃ kṣārāmbudhe- rīhate) Bh.2.6.

2) Attractive beauty, exquisite beauty; रूपं किमप्यनिर्वाच्यं तनोर्माधुर्यमुच्यते (rūpaṃ kimapyanirvācyaṃ tanormādhuryamucyate)

3) (In Rhet.) Sweetness, one of the three (according to Mammaṭa) chief Guṇas in poetic compositions; चित्तद्रवी भावमयो ह्लादो माधुर्य- मुच्यते (cittadravī bhāvamayo hlādo mādhurya- mucyate) S. D.66; see K. P.8 also.

4) Kindness, amiability.

5) (With Vaiṣṇavas) A feeling of tender affection for Kṛṣṇa (like that of a woman for her lover); Dk.2.2. -a. Sweetly speaking; स्वच्छप्रकृतितः स्निग्धो माधुर्यस्तीर्थभूर्नृणाम् (svacchaprakṛtitaḥ snigdho mādhuryastīrthabhūrnṛṇām) Bhāg.11.7.44.

Derivable forms: mādhuryam (माधुर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mādhurya (माधुर्य) or Mādhuryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) Sweetness of flavour or disposition. E. madhura sweet, literally or figuratively, aff. ṣyañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mādhurya (माधुर्य).—i. e. madhura + ya, n., and f. . 1. Sweetness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 6. 2. Gracefulness, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mādhurya (माधुर्य):—[from mādhura] n. sweetness, [Kāvya literature; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] loveliness, exquisite beauty, charm, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (with Vaiṣṇavas) a feeling of tender affection (for Kṛṣṇa like that of a girl for her lover), [Religious Thought and Life in India 141]

4) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) grace of style ([especially] consisting in the employment of separated words in a sentence, as opp. to śleṣa q.v.), [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti; Kāvyaprakāśa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. sweetly speaking, [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti x, 33.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mādhurya (माधुर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Sweetness of flavour or disposition.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mādhurya (माधुर्य):—(wie eben) n. gaṇa dṛḍhādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 123.]

1) Süsse [Suśruta 1, 34, 14. 15. 180, 2. 289, 1. 2, 10, 1. 2.] mādhuryaṃ madhubindunā racayituṃ kṣārāmbudherīhate [Spr. 2920. 3741. 4966.] [Bālabodhanī 44.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 19, 4.] —

2) Lieblichkeit, Reiz, Anmuth; Freundlichkeit, Liebenswürdigkeit: gītasya ślokānāṃ ca [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 4, 16.] [ŚIKṢĀ 32] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 270.] rūpe gīte ca [Raghuvaṃśa 15, 65.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 35, 138.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 11, 3.] [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 52, 18.] cittadravībhāvamayo hlādo mādhuryamucyate [Sāhityadarpana 606.] [Oxforder Handschriften 207,a,28. fg. 214,a,16.] rūpayauvanamādhuryaṃ strīṇāṃ balamanuttamam [Spr. 4633.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 61, 38.] abhūṣaṇe pi ramyatvaṃ mādhuryamiti kathyate [PRATĀPAR. 55,b,1.] saṃkṣobheṣvapyanudvego mādhuryaṃ parikīrtitam [Sāhityadarpana 92. 89.] sarvāvasthāviśeṣeṣu mādhuryaṃ ramaṇīyatā [132.] ahiṃsāsteyamādhuryadamāḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 313.] bhrūkṣepālāpamādhuryaiḥ (copulat. comp.) [Mahābhārata 3, 1823.] [Harivaṃśa 8202.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 6, 13.] [Spr. 232. 2179.] [Raghuvaṃśa 18, 12.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 509.] [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 180, 14.] śānti, dāsya, sākhya, vātsalya, mādhurya (der Gottheit gegenüber) [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 164.] In der Rhetorik das abgesonderte Hervortreten der einzelnen Wörter im Satze (Gegens. śleṣa): yā pṛthakpadatā vākye tanmādhuryaṃ prakīrtyate [PRATĀPAR. 68,a,5.]

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Mādhurya (माधुर्य):—adj. süss —, freundlich redend [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 7, 44.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mādhurya (माधुर्य):——

1) n. — a) Süsse. — b) Lieblichkeit , Reiz , Anmuth. — c) Freundlichkeit , Liebenswürdigkeit. — d) in der Rhetorik Anmuth des Stils ([Kāvyaprakāśa 8,3.] [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti 3,2,10]) ; insbes. das abgesonderte Hervortreten der einzelnen Wörter im Satze (Gegensatz ślaṣa) [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti 3,1,18.] —

2) Adj. süss — , freundlich redend.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhurya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mādhurya (माधुर्य) [Also spelled madhury]:—(nm) sweetness; pleasantness; one of the poetic qualities which is marked by the exclusive usage of soft or liquid sounds and sound-combinations; -[pradhāna] abounding in (the quality of) [mādhurya].

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