Recaka: 12 definitions

Introduction

Recaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rechaka.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Recaka (रेचक) is another name (synonym) for Kampillaka, which is the Sanskrit word for Mallotus philippensis (kamala tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Recaka (रेचक) refers to “exhaling” (of breath). It is one of the three types of ‘breath-suspension’ techniques, also known as prāṇāyāma. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 6.70)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Recaka (रेचक).—The state of equilibrium attained by offering the exhaled breath into the inhaled breath.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Recaka (रेचक) refers to ‘moving a limb round’ or ‘drawing up’ or its ‘movement of any kind’ separately, etc. Among the recakas

  1. the first is that of the foot (pādarecaka),
  2. the second is that of the waist (kaṭirecaka),
  3. the third is that of the hand (hastarecaka)
  4. and the fourth is that of the neck (grīvārecaka).
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Recaka (रेचक, “breathing out”) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the three major breaths on which prāṇāyāma is built.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rēcaka (रेचक).—n (S) A cathartic medicine. 2 m Liberation of the breath suspended during the exercises called kumbhaka, pūraka &c.

--- OR ---

rēcaka (रेचक).—a (S) Purgative or aperient.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rēcaka (रेचक).—n A cathartic medicine. Purgative.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Recaka (रेचक).—a. (-cikā f.) [रेचयति रिच्-णिच् ण्वुल् (recayati ric-ṇic ṇvul)]

1) Emptying, purging.

2) Purgative, aperient.

3) Emptying the lungs, emitting the breath.

-kaḥ 1 Emission of breath, breathing out; exhalation, especially through one of the nostrils (opp. pūraka which means 'inhaling breath', and kumbhaka 'suspending breath'); प्राणापानौ संनिरुन्ध्यात् पूरकुम्भकरेचकैः (prāṇāpānau saṃnirundhyāt pūrakumbhakarecakaiḥ) Bhāg.7.15.32.

2) A syringe; सिच्यगानोऽच्युतस्ताभिर्हसन्तीभिः स्म रेचकैः (sicyagāno'cyutastābhirhasantībhiḥ sma recakaiḥ) Bhāg.1.9.9.

3) Nitre, salt-petre.

-kam A purgative, cathartic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Recaka (रेचक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-cikā-kaṃ) 1. Purgative, aperient. 2. Emptying the lungs, emitting the breath. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A cathartic, a purgative. 2. Nitre, salt-petre. 3. The purging-nut plant, (Croton tiglium.) 4. Exhalation through one of the nostrils, (opposed to pūraka.) 5. A syringe. n.

(-kaṃ) A purge. E. ric to evacuate by stool, causal form, vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Recaka (रेचक).—i. e. ric + aka, I. adj. Purgative, aperient. Ii. m. 1. A purgative. 2. A proper name, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 76, 2 (but cf. Wilson, Spec. of the Theatre of the Hind. i. 2. ed. p. 260, n.). Iii. n. A purge. Iv. m. or n. Exhalation, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 9; a method of suppressing the breath, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 217, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Recaka (रेचक):—[from reka] mf(ikā)n. emptying, purging, aperient, cathartic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] emptying the lungs, emitting the breath, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. the act of breathing out, exhalation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] ([especially]) expelling the breath out of one of the nostrils (one of the three Prāṇāyāmas q.v. or breath-exercises performed during Saṃdhyā), [Amṛtabindu-upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc., [Religious Thought and Life in India 402]

5) [v.s. ...] a syringe, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a [particular] movement of the feet, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] saltpetre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Croton Jamalgota, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Clerodendrum Phlomoides, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a forester, [Vikramorvaśī] ([varia lectio] redhaka)

11) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition] ārocaka)

12) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of soil or earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] the fruit of the yellow myrobalan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a purge, cathartic, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] m. or n. (?) = bhramaṇa, [Haravijaya] (cf. next).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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