Ghna: 11 definitions


Ghna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ghna (घ्न) refers to “desutrction”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Venus should enter the constellation of Āśleṣā there will be much suffering from serpents; it Venus should pass through the constellation of Magha, elephant keepers or ministers will suffer and there will be abundance of rain. If Venus should pass through the constellation of Pūrvaphalgunī, hill men and the people of Pulinda will perish and there will be abundance of rain; if she should pass through the constellation of Uttaraphalgunī, the people of Kuru, of Jāṅgala and of Pāñcāla will perish [i.e., ghna], and there will also be rain”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Ghna (घ्न) refers to “quelling” (suffering), according to the Haṭhatattvakaumudī, an 18th-century text on Haṭhayoga consisting of fifty-six chapters and approximately 1680 verses.—The Haṭhatattvakaumudī has five chapters on prāṇāyāma (9, 10, 12, 37–38), namely, the preliminary auxiliaries and rules of practice for prāṇāyāma, an explanation of the names, nature and characteristics of kumbhakas, breathing methods for quelling suffering (kleśa-ghna), necessary rules for prāṇāyāma and an explanation of prāṇāyāma, which total more than 240 verses.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Ghna in India is the name of a plant defined with Senna obtusifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Diallobus uniflorus Raf. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1981)
· Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden (1982)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1987)
· Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici (1794)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2008)
· Med. Fl. (1828)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Ghna, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ghna (घ्न).—a S That kills or destroys. In comp. and thus frequently and elegantly. Ex. rōgaghna, vātaghna, pittaghna, kaphaghna, dōṣaghna, andhakāraghna, pāpaghna, niyamaghna, kṛtaghna.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ghna (घ्न).—a That kills or destroys. In comp. and thus frequently and elegantly. Ex. ऱोṅgaghna, vātaghna.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ghna (घ्न).—a. (-ghnī f.) (Used only at the end of comp.) Killing, destroying, removing, curing; ब्राह्मणघ्नः, बालघ्नः, वातघ्नः, पित्तघ्नः (brāhmaṇaghnaḥ, bālaghnaḥ, vātaghnaḥ, pittaghnaḥ); depriving one of, taking away; पुण्यघ्न, धर्मघ्न (puṇyaghna, dharmaghna) &c. Manusmṛti 9.232;8.127;7.218; Y.1.138 &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghna (घ्न).—[-ghna], i. e. han + a, Latter part of comp. adj. and 8., f. (, Mahābhārata 13, 2397), 1. Striking, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 386. 2. Killing, a murderer, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 232. 3. Destroying, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 127; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 35, 6. 4. Removing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 218.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ghna (घ्न).—slaying, killing, destroying, removing (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ghna (घ्न):—mf(ā, [Mahābhārata xiii, 2397; Harivaṃśa 9426]; ī [feminine] of 2. han q.v.)n. ifc. striking with, [Manu-smṛti viii, 386]

2) killing, killer, murderer, ix, 232 [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa iii]

3) destroying, [Manu-smṛti viii, 127; Yājñavalkya i, 138; Rāmāyaṇa i; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv]

4) removing, [Manu-smṛti vii, 218; Harivaṃśa 9426; Suśruta]

5) multiplied by, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā li, 39; Sūryasiddhānta] (f. ī)

6) n. ifc. ‘killing’ See ahi-, parṇaya-ghna (cf. artha-, arśo-, kāsa-, kula-, kuṣṭha-, kṛta-, kṛmi-, gara-, guru-, go-, jvara-, puruṣa-, etc.)

[Sanskrit to German]

Ghna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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