by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550
This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...
Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:
प्राणायामा ब्राह्मणस्य त्रयोऽपि विधिवत् कृताः ।
व्याहृतिप्रणवैर्युक्ता विज्ञेयं परमं तपः ॥ ७० ॥
prāṇāyāmā brāhmaṇasya trayo'pi vidhivat kṛtāḥ |
vyāhṛtipraṇavairyuktā vijñeyaṃ paramaṃ tapaḥ || 70 ||
Even three ‘breath-suspensions,’ accompanied by the three ‘vyāhṛti’-syllables and the syllable ‘om’, when duly performed, should be regarded as the highest austerity for the Brāhmaṇa.—(70)
Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):
By using the term ‘brāhmaṇa’ the text implies that what is mentioned constitutes the duty of the whole caste, and is not restricted to the Renunciate only.
‘Even three’—more than three lead to more excellent results; three are absolutely necessary.
‘Vyāhṛti syllables’— those mentioned under 2.81.
‘Praṇava’—the syllable ‘om’.
The breath-suspensions are to be ‘accompanied by these’.—This indicates the duration of the breath-suspension.
These breath-suspensions are of three kinds, named ‘Kumbhaka’ (total suspension), ‘Pūraka’ (inhaling) and ‘Recaka’ (exhaling). The total suppression of air passing out of the mouth and the nostrils constitutes the (inhalation and suspension); and when the man does not inhale breath but continuously keeps on exhaling, it is called ‘Recaka exhalation.’ The exact duration of each of these has been described under Discourse II. Or, in view of its being spoken of as ‘austerity,’ it may be continued till it becomes actually painful.—(70)
Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha
This verse is quoted in Madanapārijāta (p. 68).
Comparative notes by various authors
Vaśiṣṭha (10.5).—‘The one syllable om is the best Veda; the suppression of breath is the highest austerity; living on alms is better than fasting; compassion is preferable to liberality.’