Kumbhakara, Kumbhakāra, Kumbha-kara: 12 definitions



Kumbhakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Kumbhakāra (कुम्भकार, “potter”) refers to an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Kumbhakāra). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kumbhakara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kumbhakāra : (m.) potter.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kumbhakāra refers to: (1). a potter; enumerated with other occupations and trades at D. I, 51=Miln. 331. Vin. IV, 7. In similes, generally referring to his skill D. I, 78=M. II, 18; Vism. 142, 376; Sn. 577; DhA. I, 39 (°sālā). rāja° the king’s potter J. I, 121.; (2). a bird (Phasianus gallus? Hardy) VvA. 163.—Cpds. : °antevāsin the potter’s apprentice D. I, 78=M. II, 18;

Note: kumbhakāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words kumbha and kāra.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kumbhakara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kumbhakāra (कुंभकार).—m S A potter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kumbhakāra (कुंभकार).—m A potter.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kumbhakara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kumbhakāra (कुम्भकार).—

1) a potter; मृद्दण्डचक्रसंयोगात्कुम्भकारो यथा घटम् (mṛddaṇḍacakrasaṃyogātkumbhakāro yathā ghaṭam) (karoti) Y.3.146.

2) a mixed tribe (veśyāyāṃ viprataścauryāt kumbhakāraḥ sa ucyate Uśanas; or mālākārātkarmakaryāṃ kumbhakāro vyajāyata Parāśara).

3) a serpent.

4) a kind of wild fowl. (-), -कारिका (kārikā) 1 the wife of a potter.

2) a kind of collyrium.

Derivable forms: kumbhakāraḥ (कुम्भकारः).

Kumbhakāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kumbha and kāra (कार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kumbhakāra (कुम्भकार).—[kumbha-kāra], m. A potter, [Pañcatantra] 217, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kumbhakāra (कुम्भकार).—[masculine] a potter (a cert. mixed caste).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kumbhakāra (कुम्भकार):—[=kumbha-kāra] [from kumbha] m. a potter (being according to some authorities the son of a Brāhman by a wife of the Kṣatriya caste), [Yājñavalkya iii, 146; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a serpent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a wild fowl (Phasianus gallus), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kumbhakāra (कुम्भकार):—(ku + 1. kāra)

1) m. a) Töpfer [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 1] und [?6, 2, 76. Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 45. Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 6. Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 10, 1. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 916. Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 249. Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 260. Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 146. Mahābhārata 1, 6950. Rāmāyaṇa 2, 83, 12. Pañcatantra 217, 20. Śṛṅgāratilaka 16.] mālākārātkarmakāryāṃ kumbhakāro vyajāyata [Parāśara], paṭṭikārācca tailikyāṃ kumbhakāro babhūva ha [Parāśara] [PADDH. im Śabdakalpadruma] u. dem Worte kulāla . Nach dem [DHARMA-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] bei [Colebrooke II, 180] ist der kumbhakāra der Sohn eines Brāhmaṇa mit einer Frau aus der Kriegerkaste; wieder anders [BRAHMAVAIV. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] (s. u. kaṃsakāra). — b) Schlange [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — c) = kumbhakārakukkuṭa [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1342, v. l.] Vgl. kulāla . —

2) f. ī a) die Frau eines Töpfers [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 15,] [Scholiast] — b) Nomen proprium eines Mädchens [Rgva tch’er rol pa 255.] — c) eine Art Kollyrium (kulatthī, kulatthikā) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — d) rother Arsenik [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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