Krodhana, Krodhanā: 12 definitions


Krodhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Krodhana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Krodhanā (क्रोधना).—An attendant of Skanda. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 6)

2) Krodhana (क्रोधन).—A hermit of great importance in the palace of Indra. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Stanza 11).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Krodhana (क्रोधन).—A son of Ayuta and father of Devātithi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 11.

1b) One of the seven sons of Kauśika.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 3.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Krodhana (क्रोधन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.23, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Krodhana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Krodhanā also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.6).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Krodhana (क्रोधन).—According to Śivapurāṇa, a Bhairava named Krodhana guards the Nirṛti, south-western quarter with his Śakti consort Vaiṣṇavī (Lakkaṇṇadaṇḍeśa, Śivatattvacintāmaṇi; sandhi 27, padya 7). Although, the text belongs to the 15th century, Rudrakoṭisaṃhitā of Śivapurāṇa is the base for him. In that case, Krodhana Bhairava proves to be none other than Viṣṇu.

The text says that he must have śaṅkha, cakra, gadā and śārṅga. The image that we are studying here has four hands, is adorned with śaṅkha and cakra in its upper hands and the lower hands are in a different manner. He wears a crown, a śaṅkhakuṇḍala “conch like earring” but the other one is not very clear. There is a halo behind the head.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Krodhana (क्रोधन) or Manyu refers to the fifty-ninth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If there is birth in the ‘samvatsara’ named ‘krodhana’ the native puts obstacles in the work of others, is Tamoguni’ (dominated in temperament by the quality of Tamas’. ‘Satwa’, ‘Rajas’ and Tamas’ are the three cardinal elements in man’s nature), fierce or terrible and puts others in delusion (deceives others).

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year krodhana (2045-2046 AD) will be a rake addicted to evil ways, a hater of his relatives and devoted to brigandage.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Krodhana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Krodhana (क्रोधन) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a fourfold-power warrior (caturguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Krodhana, and others], these princes are warriors of fourfold power”.

The story of Krodhana was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

2) Krodhana (क्रोधन) is the friend of Vajrasāra, a servant of king Udayana from Kauśāmbī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, “...  then, after some days had passed, suddenly a friend [of Vajrasāra] of the name of Krodhana came to him, and said: ‘Why have you ruined your family by leaving your wife in her father’s house?...’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Krodhana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Krodhana (क्रोधन).—a. [krudha-yuc] Wrathful, passionate, angry, irascible; यद्रामेण कृतं तदेव कुरुते द्रौणायनिः क्रोधनः (yadrāmeṇa kṛtaṃ tadeva kurute drauṇāyaniḥ krodhanaḥ) Ve.3.31.

-naḥ Name of a son of Kauśika.

-nā A passionate woman, vixen.

-nam Being angry, anger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Krodhanā (क्रोधना).—(mss. Ko°), name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 243.31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Krodhana (क्रोधन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Passionate, angry, wrathful.

(-nā) A passionate woman, a vixen. E. krudh to be angry affix yuc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Krodhana (क्रोधन).—[adjective] irritable, passionate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Krodhana (क्रोधन):—[from krudh] mf(ā)n. ([Pāṇini 3-2, 151]) inclined to wrath, passionate, angry (with [locative case] [Yājñavalkya i, 333]), [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. (= krodha) the 59th year in the sixty years' Bṛhaspati cycle, [Romakasiddhānta]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Kauśika and pupil of Garga, [Harivaṃśa 1189.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of A-yuta and father of Devātithi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 22, 11]

5) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara lviii, 84]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Śākta author of Mantras

7) Krodhanā (क्रोधना):—[from krodhana > krudh] f. a passionate woman, vixen, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the mothers in Skanda’s retinue, [Mahābhārata ix, 2624]

9) [v.s. ...] of a Yoginī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

10) Krodhana (क्रोधन):—[from krudh] n. ‘the being angry, anger’, only ifc. sa-kr (q.v.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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