Durbhaga, Durbhagā, Dur-bhaga: 10 definitions


Durbhaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Durbhaga in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Durbhagā (दुर्भगा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Durbhagā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Durbhaga (दुर्भग) refers to one who is “unfortunate”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.20. Accordingly as Brahmā said to Śiva:—“[...] if anyone visits this holy site on the thirteenth day in the bright half of Caitra (March-April) when the star is Uttarāphālgunī and the day is Sunday, may all his sins be quelled O Śiva; may his merits increase and may his ailments disappear. If a woman (Nārī) who is barren, one-eyed, ugly or unfortunate (durbhaga), visits this place she shall be freed from all these defects”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Durbhagā (दुर्भगा).—A name of the daughter of Kāla (time); enjoyed Pūru and blessed him with a boon; offered herself to Bṛhadratha and on his refusal cursed him to be ever wandering. She then approached Bhaya, the Yavana Lord who adopted her as his sister; helped the Yavanas in overcoming the city of Purañjana;1 allegorically “old age”;2 a Śakti.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 27. 19-30; 28. 1, 3 and 10.
  • 2) Ib. 29. 22.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75.

1b) A Mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Durbhaga (दुर्भग, “misfortunate”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by the misfortunate (durbhaga) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a living being to be avoided or hated by others is called misfortunate body-making karmas.

The opposite-pair of durbhaga (misfortunate) is subhaga (fortunate).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

durbhaga (दुर्भग).—a S Luckless.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Durbhaga (दुर्भग).—a.

1) unfortunate, unlucky; श्रीवल्लभं दुर्भगाः (śrīvallabhaṃ durbhagāḥ) (nindanti) Pt.1.415.

2) not possessed of good features, ill-looking.

Durbhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and bhaga (भग).

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Durbhagā (दुर्भगा).—

1) a wife disliked by her husband; दुर्भगाभरणप्रायो ज्ञानं भारः क्रियां विना (durbhagābharaṇaprāyo jñānaṃ bhāraḥ kriyāṃ vinā) H.1.17.

2) an ill-tempered woman, a shrew.

3) a widow;

Durbhagā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and bhagā (भगा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durbhagā (दुर्भगा).—f.

(-gā) 1. A wife not loved or liked by her husband. 2. A bad or ill tempered woman. E. dur little or ill, bhaga affection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Durbhaga (दुर्भग).—adj., f. . 1. difficult to be obtained, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 113. 2. unfortunate, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 17, M. M.

Durbhaga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dus and bhaga (भग).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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