Gajakarna, Gajakarṇa: 9 definitions

Introduction

Gajakarna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (G) next»] — Gajakarna in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण, “elephant-ear”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Gajakarṇavināyaka, Gajakarṇagaṇeśa and Gajakarṇavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Gajakarṇa is positioned in the North-Western corner of the sixth circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Kotwalpura, Ishaneshwara, CK 37 / 43”. Worshippers of Gajakarṇa will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of well-being”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.18669, Lon. 83.00547 (or, 25°11'12.1"N, 83°00'19.7"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Gajakarṇa, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—A yakṣa in Kubera’s assembly. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 16).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—City of, in atalam.1 IV tala or Gabhastalam.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 32.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 31.

1b) A tīrtham sacred to Pitṛs in Gayā; ritual at.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 38: Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 55.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (G) next»] — Gajakarna in Shaivism glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kharāsyā they preside over Elāpura: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the pāśa. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kharasthā Devī they preside over Elāpura: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Their weapon is the pāśa. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Gajakarna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—n (S Elephant's ear.) Ringworm.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—n Ringworm.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Gajakarna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—‘elephant's ear’, as symbol of imper-manence (for some reason which is obscure to me as it was to Feer and Speyer): Avadāna-śataka i.144.9 (ime bhogā) jala- candrasvabhāvā gajakarṇa-sadṛśā anityā(ḥ)…

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण):—[=gaja-karṇa] [from gaja > gaj] m. ‘elephant-ear’, Name of a Yakṣa, [Mahābhārata ii, 397]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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