Gajakarna, aka: Gajakarṇa; 8 Definition(s)
Gajakarna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण, “elephant-ear”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Gajakarṇavināyaka, Gajakarṇagaṇeśa and Gajakarṇavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.
Gajakarṇa is positioned in the North-Western corner of the sixth circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Kotwalpura, Ishaneshwara, CK 37 / 43”. Worshippers of Gajakarṇa will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of well-being”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.18669, Lon. 83.00547 (or, 25°11'12.1"N, 83°00'19.7"E) (Google maps)
Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.
Gajakarṇa, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa
Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—A yakṣa in Kubera’s assembly. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 16).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1b) A tīrtham sacred to Pitṛs in Gayā; ritual at.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 38: Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 55.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kharāsyā they preside over Elāpura: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the pāśa. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kharasthā Devī they preside over Elāpura: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Their weapon is the pāśa. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—n (S Elephant's ear.) Ringworm.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—n Ringworm.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Gajakarṇa (गजकर्ण).—‘elephant's ear’, as symbol of imper-manence (for some reason which is obscure to me as it was to Feer and Speyer): Av i.144.9 (ime bhogā) jala- candrasvabhāvā gajakarṇa-sadṛśā anityā(ḥ)…Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 4 books and stories containing Gajakarna, Gajakarṇa, Gaja-karna, Gaja-karṇa; (plurals include: Gajakarnas, Gajakarṇas, karnas, karṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 30: Mlecchas < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 31: The Antaradvīpas < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 20 - Description of the netherworlds (pātāla) < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)